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Academy of the Hebrew Language

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Academy of the Hebrew Language

Academy of the Hebrew Language
האקדמיה ללשון העברית
Formation 1890 - Hebrew Language Committee
1953 - Academy of the Hebrew Language
Founder Eliezer Ben Yehuda
Type GO
Legal status Language regulator
Purpose To regulate the Hebrew language
Headquarters
Coordinates
Region served Hebrew-speaking population
Official language Modern Hebrew
President Moshe Bar-Asher
Staff 38
Website .il.ac.hujihebrew-academy
Formerly called Hebrew Language Committee

The Academy of the Hebrew Language (Hebrew: הָאָקָדֶמְיָה לַלָּשׁוֹן הָעִבְרִית, HaAkademya laLashon ha'Ivrit) was established by the Israeli government in 1953 as the "supreme institution for scholarship on the Hebrew language in the Hebrew University of Jerusalem of Givat Ram campus."[1]

History

The Academy of the Hebrew Language building at the Hebrew University - Givat Ram campus

The Academy replaced the Hebrew Language Committee (Vaʻad ha-lashon ha-ʻIvrit) established in 1890 by Eliezer Ben Yehuda, who was its first president. As Hebrew became the spoken language in Palestine and was adopted by the educational system, the Hebrew Language Committee published bulletins and dictionaries. It coined thousands of words that are in everyday use today.[2]

Its successor, the Academy of the Hebrew Language, has continued this mission of creating new Hebrew words to keep up modern usage.

Although the academy's business is creating new words from Hebrew roots and structures to replace loanwords derived from other languages, its own name is a loanword, "akademya."[3] The Academy sets standards for modern Hebrew grammar, orthography, transliteration, and punctuation based on the historical development of the language.

Organization

The plenum consists of 23 members. In addition, the academy employs 15 academic advisors, among them respected scholars of language, linguistics, Judaic studies, and Bible. The Academy’s decisions are binding on all governmental agencies, including the Israel Broadcasting Authority.[3]

See also

References

  1. ^ Minority Languages and Language Policy: The Case of Arabic in Israel
  2. ^ The New Jewish Encyclopedia, ed. David Bridger
  3. ^ a b Hebrew Academy

External links

  • Academy of the Hebrew Language - Official Website
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