World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Adobe Director

Adobe Director
Adobe Director Icon
Adobe Director Screenshot
Director 11.5 running on Windows 7.
Developer(s) Adobe Systems, formerly Macromedia
Stable release 12 / February 11, 2013 (2013-02-11)
Operating system Mac OS X and Microsoft Windows
Type Multimedia Content Creator
License Proprietary
Website Adobe Director Homepage

Adobe Director (formerly Macromedia Director) is a multimedia application authoring platform created by Macromedia—now part of Adobe Systems. It allows users to build applications built on a movie metaphor, with the user as the "director" of the movie. Originally designed for creating animation sequences, the addition of a scripting language called Lingo made it a popular choice for creating CD-ROMs and standalone kiosks and web content using Adobe Shockwave. Adobe Director supports both 2D and 3D multimedia projects.


  • Features 1
  • Comparing Director to Flash 2
  • History 3
    • Product Timeline 3.1
  • Adobe Director 11.x 4


Director has a powerful scripting language called Lingo, which allows interaction with external files and certain Windows APIs that has been used to mockup graphical user interfaces, create prototypes of applications, as well as create self-running kiosks to run off a hard drive, CDs and DVDs. It has also been used to author interactive games with rich graphics and video. Director supports many different image, audio, and video formats. Built into the language are a suite of very powerful 2D image manipulation tools, referred to as "imaging Lingo". This subset of Lingo allows authors to perform advanced operations such as to bitblit. While a vast majority of users rely on the score timeline for the development of their work, a number of expert developers create stunning projects, such as games, that take advantage of the speed of imaging Lingo. These advanced projects typically use only 1 frame on the score timeline using Lingo to control animation and interaction. Director 8.5 added the ability to import, manipulate, and display 3D objects. The 3D features were quite advanced for the time, unusual for an authoring environment. The 3D capability includes the ability to create geometry on the fly from code, hardware accelerated model display, and advanced lighting features. It also supports vector graphics and 3D interactivity through a Shockwave 3D file object. Since Version 6, Director has supported the import of Flash animation files and Lingo can be used to interact with Flash's Actionscript code for more control.

One of the most powerful aspects of Director is its extensibility, which is achieved through plug-in applications named Xtras. For example, there are Xtras for OS desktop manipulations (creating folders, files, icons, shortcuts, registry editing) and Shell control, dedicated text processing (RegX), PDF readers, and many more. With Xtras, Director can be extended to support additional media types beyond those that the stock version of the software allows. These can be created by users or purchased from third party vendors. They are created using Adobe Director's XDK (Xtra Development Kit), a C++ SDK. With the change in new versions of Director, Xtra developers need to modify their products to maintain ongoing support. With changing industry trends, many third-party Xtra developers have discontinued products and dropped support due the cost of development without the significant return.

For online distribution, Director can publish projects for embedding in websites using the Shockwave plugin. Shockwave files have a .DCR file extension. Other publishing options include stand-alone executable file called projectors, supported on Macintosh and Windows operating systems, and with Director 12, output for iOS. The Director score timeline can also be exported as a non-interactive video formats, such as a QuickTime or sequence of images.

Comparing Director to Flash

The differences between Director and Flash have been the subject of much discussion, especially in the Director development community. Extensibility is one of the main differences between the two, as are some of the sundry codecs that can be imported. Director has tended to be the larger of the two, but that footprint has been part of its weakness. This weakness manifested into the erosion of Director's ubiquity as the leader of authoring tools, especially in the critical window of 1998 - 2000. The download footprint of the Director Shockwave plugin was significantly larger than the Shockwave Flash download footprint. Additionally, Macromedia partnered with distributors such as Dell, Apple, etc. to have the Flash plugin pre-installed on machines for users, so that they would not be prompted to install any additional software. At that point in time (1998–2000), broadband internet access was not the norm for most users, and the fivefold difference in size was significant.


Director started out as MacroMind "VideoWorks", an application for the original Apple Macintosh. Animations were initially limited to the black and white of early Macintosh screens.

The name was changed to "Director" in 1987, with the addition of new capabilities and the Lingo scripting language in 1988. A Windows version was available in the early 1990s.

From 1995 to 1997 a competing multimedia authoring program appeared called mTropolis (from mFactory). In 1997 mTropolis was purchased and buried by Quark, Inc., who had its own plans into multimedia authoring with Quark Immedia.

Product Timeline

  • 1985: VideoWorks
  • 1988: Named Director 1.0
  • 1993: Macromind Director became Macromedia Director (v 3.1.3)
  • 1994: Macromedia Director 4 was released (Windows and Powermac support)
  • 1996: Macromedia Director 5 was released (MOA and Xtras)
  • 1997: Macromedia Director 6 was released (Shockwave integration, behavior & mp3 support)
  • 1998: Macromedia Director 6.5 was released (QuickTime 3 support & Xtra integration)
  • November 16, 1998: Macromedia Director 7 was released (engine rewrite)
  • 2000: Macromedia Director 8 was released
  • 2001: Macromedia Director 8.5 was released (Shockwave3D)
  • 2002: Macromedia Director MX was released (Also known as Director 9)
  • January 5, 2004: Macromedia Director MX 2004 was released (Also known as Director 10)
  • March 25, 2008: Adobe Director 11 was released
  • March 23, 2009: Adobe Director 11.5 was released
  • September 6, 2010: Adobe Director 11.5.8 was released
  • August 18, 2011: Adobe Director 11.5.9 was released
  • February 11, 2013: Adobe Director 12 was released

Adobe Director 11.x

The first Director release under the Adobe brand (v. 11), released after a gap of four years, featured DirectX 9 and Unicode support and extended 3D capabilities based on the NVIDIA PhysX engine, as well as bitmap filters, enhanced video, audio and image file formats support, and Adobe Flash CS3 integration. Shockwave Player 11 was also released.

Version 11.5 added 5.1 channel surround sound audio capabilities, real-time mixing, audio effects and DSP filters. Also, there is added support for

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.