World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Adolf Fick

Article Id: WHEBN0001144513
Reproduction Date:

Title: Adolf Fick  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Botany, Fick's laws of diffusion, Diffusion equation, List of eponymous laws, Johann Jakob Müller, Franz Ludwig Fick, Diffusion
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Adolf Fick

For the ophthalmologist, see Adolf Gaston Eugen Fick.
Adolf Fick
Adolf Eugen Fick (1829-1901)
Born 3 September 1829
Kassel, Electorate of Hesse
Died 21 August 1901(1901-08-21) (aged 71)
Blankenberge, Flanders
Nationality German
Fields Physiology
Institutions University of Zurich
University of Würzburg
Alma mater University of Marburg
Doctoral advisor Franz Ludwig Fick[1]
Doctoral students Johann Jakob Müller[1]
Known for Fick's law of diffusion
Fick principle
Direct Fick method
Influences Carl Ludwig
He is the brother of Franz Ludwig Fick. He is the uncle of Adolf Gaston Eugen Fick who invented the contact lens.[2]

Adolf Eugen Fick (3 September 1829 – 21 August 1901) was a German-born physician and physiologist.

Early life and education

Fick began his work in the formal study of mathematics and physics before realising an aptitude for medicine. He then earned his doctorate in medicine from the University of Marburg in 1851. As a fresh medical graduate, he began his work as a prosector.[3]


In 1855, he introduced Fick's law of diffusion, which governs the diffusion of a gas across a fluid membrane. In 1870, he was the first to measure cardiac output, using what is now called the Fick principle.

Fick managed to double-publish his law of diffusion, as it applied equally to physiology and physics. His work led to the development of the direct Fick method for measuring cardiac output.


Fick's nephew, Adolf Gaston Eugen Fick, invented the contact lens.[2]


External links

  • Max Planck Institute for the History of Science
  • Science Quotes by Adolf Eugen Fick (

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.