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Adolf Fick

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Adolf Fick

For the ophthalmologist, see Adolf Gaston Eugen Fick.
Adolf Fick
Adolf Eugen Fick (1829-1901)
Born 3 September 1829
Kassel, Electorate of Hesse
Died 21 August 1901(1901-08-21) (aged 71)
Blankenberge, Flanders
Nationality German
Fields Physiology
Biophysics
Institutions University of Zurich
University of Würzburg
Alma mater University of Marburg
Doctoral advisor Franz Ludwig Fick[1]
Doctoral students Johann Jakob Müller[1]
Known for Fick's law of diffusion
Fick principle
Direct Fick method
Influences Carl Ludwig
Notes
He is the brother of Franz Ludwig Fick. He is the uncle of Adolf Gaston Eugen Fick who invented the contact lens.[2]

Adolf Eugen Fick (3 September 1829 – 21 August 1901) was a German-born physician and physiologist.

Early life and education

Fick began his work in the formal study of mathematics and physics before realising an aptitude for medicine. He then earned his doctorate in medicine from the University of Marburg in 1851. As a fresh medical graduate, he began his work as a prosector.[3]

Career

In 1855, he introduced Fick's law of diffusion, which governs the diffusion of a gas across a fluid membrane. In 1870, he was the first to measure cardiac output, using what is now called the Fick principle.

Fick managed to double-publish his law of diffusion, as it applied equally to physiology and physics. His work led to the development of the direct Fick method for measuring cardiac output.

Various

Fick's nephew, Adolf Gaston Eugen Fick, invented the contact lens.[2]

References

External links

  • Max Planck Institute for the History of Science
  • Science Quotes by Adolf Eugen Fick (todayinsci.com)

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