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Skyline of Akhalkalaki  ახალქალაქი
Location of Akhalkalaki in Georgia
Country  Georgia (country)
Mkhare Samtskhe-Javakheti
Elevation 1,707 m (5,600 ft)
Population (2002)
 • Total 60,975
Time zone Georgian Time (UTC+4)
Website Official

Akhalkalaki (Samtskhe-Javakheti. Akhalkalaki lies on the edge of the Javakheti Volcanic Plateau. The city is located about 30 km from the border with Turkey. In 2002 over 90 percent of the city's population were ethnic Armenians. The city was passed from Ottomans to Russians after Russo-Turkish War (1828–1829). On January 4, 1900, an earthquake destroyed much of the town and killed 1,000 people in the area.[1] According to the 2002 official estimate, the town had a population of 60,975.


  • History 1
  • Demographics 2
  • Transport 3
  • Bases 4
  • Famous people 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7


Akhalkalaki was founded in 1064. In 1066 the city was destroyed during the Muslims were deported to Turkey and Armenians were settled down from the Vilayet of Erzurum.[5]


Since 1829 most native Georgian Muslims left and the area was resettled by Armenian refugees from the Ottoman Empire.[3] Akhalkalaki is a predominantly

External links

  • MSN Map - elevation = 1707m
  1. ^ The Annual Register of World Events, 1900 (Longmans, Green, and Co., 1901) p461
  2. ^ Indiana University Press, p. 34
  3. ^ a b c d Richard G. Hovannisian (1971). The Republic of Armenia: The first year, 1918-1919. University of California Press. pp. 459–.  
  4. ^ "Ахалкалаки". Брокгауз-Ефрон. Archived from the original on 2012-02-15. 
  5. ^ Georgian Soviet Encyclopedia, volume 2, 1977, p. 96
  6. ^ "Ethnic groups by major administrative-territorial units" (PDF). National Statistics Office of Georgia. Retrieved 3 May 2015. 
  7. ^ Railway Gazette International February 2009, p54
  8. ^
  9. ^ Russia Transfers Akhalkalaki Military Base to Georgia. Civil Georgia. June 27, 2007. Accessed on June 29, 2007.


Famous people

[9] The city was a home to the


In April 2005, an agreement was signed to build a new Azerbaijan, passing through Akhalkalaki. This would bypass an existing line through Gyumri in Armenia which has been closed by Turkey, blockading Armenia, for political reasons since the 1990s.[7] It is here where the break-of-gauge will be.[8]

Тhe fragment from the map By Antonio Zatta, published in Venice in 1784. The map shows Akhalkalaki, Georgia



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