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Al-Malkiyya

 

Al-Malkiyya

Al-Malikiyya (Arabic: المالكية‎) was a Palestinian village located in the Jabal Amil region. In a 1920s census, the village was registered as part of Greater Lebanon. It was later placed under the British Mandate of Palestine. Its population was mostly Metawali Shiite.

In a 1930s census, the village was registered as Palestinian and part of the Safed District. The village was depopulated as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli War.

History

According to the Arab geographer Yaqut al-Hamawi (d. 1228), the people of al-Malikiyya had a wooden platter that they believed was originally owned by the prophet Mohammed.[1][2]

Ottoman era

In 1596, al-Malikiyya was a village in the Ottoman nahiya (subdistrict) of Tibnin under the liwa' (district) of Safad, with a population of 369. It paid taxes on a number of crops, such as wheat, barley, as well as goats and beehives.[3][4]

Victor Guérin visited in 1875, and noted that Al-Malkiyya had 300 Metawali inhabitants.[5] He further noted that the village, which stood upon a lofty summit, was remarkable for possessing neither well nor cistern; the women fetched their water from the spring at Kades. But a birkeh was placed on the map close to the village.[6]

In 1881, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described Al-Malkiyya as being built of stone and adobe, lying on a plain to the east of a valley. Well supplied with water from a nearby wadi, the village's 200-300 inhabitants cultivated olives.[7]

British Mandate era

In the 1931 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, El Malikiya had a population of 254, all Muslims, in 48 houses.[8]

The population was 360 in 1945, with a total of 7,328 dunams of land.[9] A total of 4,225 dunums were allocated to cereals,[10] while 55 dunams were classifies as built-up land.[11]

1948 Arab-Israeli war, aftermath

Al-Malikiyya changed hands no fewer than five times between May and October 1948.[1]

A battle was fought in the village on 5-6 June 1948. Combatants were Israelis and the Lebanese army commanded by then Lebanese minister of defense, Emir Majid Arslan II. The Lebanese army would occupy the village for a month. This was the only time Lebanon directly participated in the war. [12]

As a result of the war, the village was depopulated.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b
  2. ^ Mu'jam Al-Buldan, cited in le Strange, 1890, p.77
  3. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 179. Quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p. 471
  4. ^ Note that Rhode, 1979, p. 6 writes that the register that Hütteroth and Abdulfattah studied was not from 1595/6, but from 1548/9
  5. ^ Guérin, 1880, p. 373
  6. ^ Guérin, 1880, p. 373, as given in Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 251
  7. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 202; Quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p. 471
  8. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 108
  9. ^
  10. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 119
  11. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 170
  12. ^ Morris, 2004, p. 276

Bibliography

External links

  • Welcome to al-Malikiyya
  • Survey of Western Palestine, Map 4: IAA, Wikimedia commons
  • al-Malikiyya, from the Khalil Sakakini Cultural Center
  • al-Malikiyya, Dr. Khalil Rizk.
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