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Ali Bey Evrenosoglu

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Ali Bey Evrenosoglu

Ali Evrenosoglu
bey
Buried at courtyard of the Gazi Evrenos mosque in Yenitsá (Larisa in Greece)
Allegiance Ottoman Empire
Rank sanjakbey
Battles/wars

Ali Bey Evrenosoglu[1] was an Ottoman military commander in the 15th century. He was one of the sons of Evrenos, an Ottoman general. During the 1430s he was sanjakbey of the Sanjak of Albania who, after initial defeats, suppressed the Albanian Revolt of 1432-1436 with help of the forces commanded by Turahan Bey. In 1440 he participated in the unsuccessful Ottoman siege of Belgrade.

Albania

Ali Bey was sanjakbey of the Sanjak of Albania before 1432.[2] When Ishak Bey captured Dagnum from Koja Zaharia in 1430 it was attached to the territory controlled by Ali Bey.[3]

In the early phase of the Albanian Revolt, in the winter of 1432, Sultan Murat IIgathered around 10.000 troops under Ali Bey, who marched along the Via Egnatia and reached the central valley of Shkumbin, where he was ambushed and defeated by forces under Gjergj Arianiti. In 1435-6 he followed Turahan Bey's campaign, which restored Ottoman rule in the region.[4][5]

Other campaigns

According to some legends Hunyadi was Evrenosoglu's groom.[6] Hunyadi became intimate of the king of Hungary after he fled from Ali.[7]

Evrenosoglu commanded an army which was sent to plunder Wallachia[1] and Transylvania in 1438.[8] In 1440 Ali Beg participated in the unsuccessful siege of Belgrade where he built a wall around the city and used it to hurl stones.[9] According to Konstantin Mihailović, the title of bey and corresponding estate was promised to the Ottoman soldier who would wave Ottoman flag on the Belgrade walls. Although Evrenosoglu already had the title of bey at that time he decided to personally lead the assault to the walls of the Belgrade castle hoping to increase his already great reputation.[10] When Murad II died in 1451, Ali Beg was dispatched by Mehmed II to drawn Murad's son, Küçük (Little) Ahmed Çelebi.[11]

Evrenosoglu was buried in the courtyard of the Gazi Evrenos mosque in Yenitsá (Larisa in Greece).[12]

References

  1. ^ a b Treptow, Kurt W. (2000). Vlad III Dracula: the life and times of the historical Dracula. Center of Romanian Studies. p. 203.  
  2. ^ Pollo, Stefanaq; Arben Puto; Kristo Frashëri; Skënder Anamali (1974). Histoire de l'Albanie, des origines à nos jours (in French). Horvath. p. 78.  
  3. ^ M. Bešić, Zarij (1970), Istorija Crne Gore / 2. Crna gora u doba oblasnih gospodara. (in Serbian), Titograd: Redakcija za istoiju Crne Gore, p. 158,  
  4. ^ Houtsma, Martijn Theodoor (1993), First encyclopaedia of Islam: 1913-1936 VIII, Netherlands: E.J. Brill and Luzac and Co., p. 466, ...Ottoman campaigns of 1435 and 1436 when the Ottoman generals Ali and Turakhan effected a partially submission of Albanians 
  5. ^ Fine, John Van Antwerp (1994), The Late Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Late Twelfth Century to the Ottoman Conquest, University of Michigan Press, p. 535,  
  6. ^ Held, Joseph (1985). Hunyadi: legend and reality. East European Monographs. p. 9.  
  7. ^ Imber, Colin (2006), The Crusade of Varna, 1443–45, Ashgate Publishing,  
  8. ^  
  9. ^  
  10. ^ John Jefferson (17 August 2012). The Holy Wars of King Wladislas and Sultan Murad: The Ottoman-Christian Conflict from 1438-1444. BRILL. p. 244.  
  11. ^  
  12. ^ Euangelou Vakalopoulos, Apostolos (1973). History of Macedonia, 1354-1833. Institute for Balkan Studies. p. 259. Retrieved 22 June 2011. Yenitsá ... Of the smaller mosques the most important were those of Gazi Evrenos..Beneath a high dome with many windows, Ghazi Evrenos lay buried amid the tombs of those 'gazis' who died as 'martyrs' (in other words, who fell in battle). In the courtyard of this mosque were the tombs of Ali Bey and Gazi Isa Bey, the sons of Evrenos. . 


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