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Alliance for Justice and Democracy/Movement for Renewal

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Title: Alliance for Justice and Democracy/Movement for Renewal  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Mauritanian presidential election, 2009, Action for Change, Rally for Democracy and Unity, Mauritanian Popular Front, Union of Democratic Forces (Mauritania)
Collection: Ethnic Political Parties, Political Parties in Mauritania, Political Parties of Minorities
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Alliance for Justice and Democracy/Movement for Renewal

Alliance for Justice and Democracy/Movement for Renewal
President Ibrahima Moctar Sarr
Founder Ibrahima Moctar Sarr
Founded August 2007
Ideology Black minority interests
Colors Black and White
Politics of Mauritania
Political parties

The Alliance for Justice and Democracy/Movement for Renewal (Alliance pour la Justice et la Démocratie/Mouvement pour la Rénovation, AJD/MR) is a political party in Mauritania. It represents the black minority population of the south of the country, centered on the Senegal River valley, and was formed and is led by rights activist and former presidential candidate Ibrahima Moctar Sarr. The party's colours are black and white, and its symbol is a Zebu bull, livestock being associated with the traditionally pastoralist Fula people[1] who make up much of its constituency.[2]


  • Founding 1
  • 2008 break with government 2
  • 2008 coup 3
  • 2009 elections 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6


The party was founded in August 2007 by a merger of Ibrahima Moctar Sarr's Movement for National Reconciliation and the Alliance for Justice and Democracy (AJD) party, with Sarr elected as the leader of the new party. Sarr, a Fula journalist, had been a high profile activist since the 1980s, and his party defined itself as campaigning for equal rights for Pulaar-speakers, Soninké and Wolof people alongside Moors, and the return of Mauritanian refugees from Senegal.[3] Sarr had stood as an independent in the March 2007 presidential election on an anti-racist platform, came in fifth place with 7.95% in the first round[3] and supported Ahmed Ould Daddah for the second round.[4]

2008 break with government

On May 10, 2008 the AJD/MR announced they would not participate in the government of Prime Minister Yahya Ould Ahmed El Waghef due to policy differences.[5]

2008 coup

Following the August 2008 military coup, Sarr and the AJD/MR expressed support for the military junta. But on August 26, 2008, the AJD/MR, along with the Rally of Democratic Forces (RFD) and the Movement for Direct Democracy (MDD) all announced their decision to not participate in the Laghdaf's government[6] because the junta had not clarified whether or not someone serving in the military would be allowed to stand as a presidential candidate[6][7] and had not specified how long it intended to remain in power.[7] The new government led by Laghdaf was appointed on August 31[7][8]

2009 elections

Sarr announced on 11 April 2009, that he would be the AJD/MR candidate in the controversial [9]


  1. ^ French: Peul;
  2. ^ Nos Statuts: Statutes of the AJD/MR. accessed 2009-04-22
  3. ^ a b "Le conseil constitutionnel proclame les résultats du premier tour de l'élection présidentielles du 11 mars 2007", Agence Mauritanienne d'Information, March 15, 2007 (French).
  4. ^ "Mauritania : Ould Daddah gets support of fifth place holder for presidential runoff", African Press Agency, March 20, 2007.
  5. ^ "L'AJD/MR annonce qu'il ne participera au nouveau gouvernement", AMI, May 10, 2008 (French).
  6. ^ a b "Three parties refuse to join Mauritanian government", AFP, August 26, 2008.
  7. ^ a b c "Mauritanian junta announces formation of a government", AFP, September 1, 2008.
  8. ^ "Composition du nouveau gouvernement", AMI, August 31, 2008 (French).
  9. ^ "Pro-coup leader to stand in Mauritania presidential poll", AFP, 11 April 2009.

External links

  • official website.
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