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Alpine skiing World Cup

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Alpine skiing World Cup

For the current Alpine Ski World Cup, see 2014 Alpine Skiing World Cup.


The FIS Alpine Ski World Cup is the top international circuit of alpine skiing competitions, launched in 1966 by a group of ski racing friends and experts which included French journalist Serge Lang and the alpine ski team directors from France (Honore Bonnet) and the USA (Bob Beattie).[1] It was soon backed by International Ski Federation (FIS) president Marc Hodler during the FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 1966 at Portillo, Chile, and became an official FIS event in the spring of 1967 after the FIS Congress at Beirut, Lebanon. The first World Cup ski race was held in Berchtesgaden, West Germany, on January 5, 1967. Jean-Claude Killy of France and Nancy Greene of Canada were the overall winners for the first two seasons.

Competitors attempt to achieve the best time in four disciplines: slalom, giant slalom, Super G, and downhill. The fifth event, the combined, employs the downhill and slalom. The World Cup originally included only slalom, giant slalom, and downhill races. Combined events (calculated using results from selected downhill and slalom races) were included starting with the 1974–75 season, while the Super G was added for the 1982–83 season. The current scoring system was implemented in the 1991–92 season. For every race points are awarded to the top 30 finishers: 100 points to the winner, 80 for second, 60 for third, winding down to 1 point for 30th place. The racer with the most points at the end of the season in mid-March wins the Cup, with the trophy consisting of a 9 kilogram crystal globe.[2] Sub-prizes are also awarded in each individual race discipline, with a smaller 3.5 kg crystal globe. (See the section on scoring system below for more information.)

The World Cup is held annually, and is considered the premier competition for alpine ski racing after the quadrennial Winter Olympics. Many consider the World Cup to be a more valuable title than the Olympics or the biennial World Championships, since it requires a competitor to ski at an extremely high level in several disciplines throughout the season, and not just in one race.[3]

Races are hosted primarily at ski resorts in the Alps in Europe, with regular stops in Scandinavia, North America, and east Asia, but a few races have also been held in the Southern Hemisphere. World Cup competitions have been hosted in 25 different countries around the world: Andorra, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bosnia, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United States.[4] (Note that all World Cup races hosted at ski resorts in Bosnia and Slovakia were held when those countries were still part of Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia respectively.)

Lower competitive circuits include the NorAm Cup in North America and the Europa Cup in Europe.

Crystal globe

Since 1967 big crystal globe is awarded for overall title. From beginning to 1976-77 discipline titles were awarded with medals. In statistics those titles has the same value as small crystal globe.

For the first time small crystal globe for discipline titles in slalom, giant slalom and downhill appeared in 1977-78.

In the super-G small crystal globe is awarded since 1985-86. For super-g races in previous three seasons points were added and calculated in giant slalom ranking.

In combined small crystal globe was officially awarded only between 2007-2012. Before that combined season winners cannot officially be considered as season titles. In those years FIS simply calculated points from other two races, DH and SL.

Super Ranking

Best skiers of all-time in overall and each discipline based on ski-database ranking system (counting since 1966). This is a scoring system calculating points together from four categories: World Cup (overall and discipline titles), OG, SWC and World Cup races.

Men

All-time
ranking
Best ever (in general) Downhill Super-G Giant Slalom Slalom
Name Points Name Points Name Points Name Points Name Points
1 Sweden Ingemar Stenmark 290.01 Austria Franz Klammer 76.3 Austria Hermann Maier 88.2 Sweden Ingemar Stenmark 120.0 Sweden Ingemar Stenmark 124.8
2 Austria Hermann Maier 252.01 Switzerland Peter Müller 66.0 Norway Kjetil André Aamodt 68.9 Italy Alberto Tomba 80.9 Italy Alberto Tomba 98.5
3 Luxembourg Marc Girardelli 227.54 Switzerland Bernhard Russi 54.5 Norway Aksel Lund Svindal 52.6 Switzerland Michael von Grünigen 73.7 Austria Benjamin Raich 69.3
4 Switzerland Pirmin Zurbriggen 216.10 Austria Michael Walchhofer 53.6 Austria Stephan Eberharter 47.6 United States Ted Ligety 60.0 Luxembourg Marc Girardelli 52.8
5 Norway Kjetil André Aamodt 201.29 Switzerland Pirmin Zurbriggen 51.4 Switzerland Pirmin Zurbriggen 45.9 Austria Hermann Maier 59.8 Croatia Ivica Kostelić 49.2
6 Italy Alberto Tomba 195.60 Switzerland Didier Cuche 49.8 United States Bode Miller 34.8 Austria Benjamin Raich 55.5 Italy Gustav Thöni 47.0
7 Italy Gustav Thöni 173.68 Switzerland Franz Heinzer 48.9 Switzerland Didier Cuche 33.6 Italy Gustav Thöni 55.0 Austria Thomas Stangassinger 46.4
8 Norway Aksel Lund Svindal 172.35 Austria Stephan Eberharter 43.5 Germany Markus Wasmeier 31.4 Switzerland Pirmin Zurbriggen 38.5 United States Phil Mahre 41.2
9 Austria Benjamin Raich 171.62 Austria Hermann Maier 43.0 Norway Atle Skaardal 25.9 United States Bode Miller 33.0 France Jean-Noël Augert 39.1
10 United States Bode Miller 170.51 Norway Lasse Kjus 38.4 Luxembourg Marc Girardelli 22.4 France Jean-Claude Killy 32.5 Austria Mario Matt 39.1

Women

All-time
ranking
Best ever (in general) Downhill Super-G Giant Slalom Slalom
Name Points Name Points Name Points Name Points Name Points
1 Austria Annemarie Moser-Pröll 272.76 Austria Annemarie Moser-Pröll 115.4 Germany Katja Seizinger 60.3 Switzerland Vreni Schneider 87.5 Switzerland Vreni Schneider 110.3
2 Switzerland Vreni Schneider 255.16 United States Lindsey Vonn 95.1 United States Lindsey Vonn 59.7 Italy Deborah Compagnoni 70.0 Austria Marlies Schild 81.9
3 United States Lindsey Vonn 246.71 Austria Renate Götschl 78.6 Austria Michaela Dorfmeister 57.8 Sweden Anja Pärson 57.6 Switzerland Erika Hess 72.8
4 Sweden Anja Pärson 217.20 Germany Katja Seizinger 76.0 Austria Renate Götschl 47.2 Austria Anita Wachter 47.6 Croatia Janica Kostelić 71.2
5 Croatia Janica Kostelić 202.27 Switzerland Michela Figini 68.0 France Carole Merle 43.0 Austria Annemarie Moser-Pröll 45.5 Sweden Anja Pärson 57.5
6 Germany Katja Seizinger 194.15 Switzerland Maria Walliser 55.4 Austria Alexandra Meissnitzer 34.4 Liechtenstein Hanni Wenzel 44.7 Liechtenstein Hanni Wenzel 51.0
7 Austria Renate Götschl 159.98 Austria Michaela Dorfmeister 51.4 Italy Isolde Kostner 30.1 Slovenia Tina Maze 43.9 Germany Maria Höfl-Riesch 47.8
8 Switzerland Erika Hess 152.62 Switzerland Marie Therese Nadig 48.9 Germany Hilde Gerg 28.6 Switzerland Sonja Nef 40.8 France Marielle Goitschel 43.3
9 Liechtenstein Hanni Wenzel 150.50 Italy Isolde Kostner 40.9 Slovenia Tina Maze 24.7 Germany Martina Ertl 37.7 France Perrine Pelen 42.1
10 Austria Michaela Dorfmeister 143.53 United States Picabo Street 36.9 Sweden Anja Pärson 23.8 Germany Viktoria Rebensburg 37.0 Sweden Pernilla Wiberg 38.0

Overall winners

Multiple overall World Cup wins are marked with (#). For a complete list of winners in each discipline,
see Alpine Skiing World Cup Men and Alpine Skiing World Cup Women.

Year Men's Overall Champion Women's Overall Champion
Name Country Name Country
1967 Jean-Claude Killy  France Nancy Greene  Canada
1968 Jean-Claude Killy (2)  France Nancy Greene (2)  Canada
1969 Karl Schranz  Austria Gertrud Gabl  Austria
1970 Karl Schranz (2)  Austria Michèle Jacot  France
1971 Gustav Thöni  Italy Annemarie Pröll  Austria
1972 Gustav Thöni (2)  Italy Annemarie Pröll (2)  Austria
1973 Gustav Thöni (3)  Italy Annemarie Pröll (3)  Austria
1974 Piero Gros  Italy Annemarie Pröll (4)  Austria
1975 Gustav Thöni (4)  Italy Annemarie Moser-Pröll (5)  Austria
1976 Ingemar Stenmark  Sweden Rosi Mittermaier West Germany
1977 Ingemar Stenmark (2)  Sweden Lise-Marie Morerod   Switzerland
1978 Ingemar Stenmark (3)  Sweden Hanni Wenzel  Liechtenstein
1979 Peter Lüscher   Switzerland Annemarie Moser-Pröll (6)  Austria
1980 Andreas Wenzel  Liechtenstein Hanni Wenzel (2)  Liechtenstein
1981 Phil Mahre  United States Marie-Theres Nadig   Switzerland
1982 Phil Mahre (2)  United States Erika Hess   Switzerland
1983 Phil Mahre (3)  United States Tamara McKinney  United States
1984 Pirmin Zurbriggen   Switzerland Erika Hess (2)   Switzerland
1985 Marc Girardelli  Luxembourg Michela Figini   Switzerland
1986 Marc Girardelli (2)  Luxembourg Maria Walliser   Switzerland
1987 Pirmin Zurbriggen (2)   Switzerland Maria Walliser (2)   Switzerland
1988 Pirmin Zurbriggen (3)   Switzerland Michela Figini (2)   Switzerland
1989 Marc Girardelli (3)  Luxembourg Vreni Schneider   Switzerland
1990 Pirmin Zurbriggen (4)   Switzerland Petra Kronberger  Austria
1991 Marc Girardelli (4)  Luxembourg Petra Kronberger (2)  Austria
1992 Paul Accola   Switzerland Petra Kronberger (3)  Austria
1993 Marc Girardelli (5)  Luxembourg Anita Wachter  Austria
1994 Kjetil André Aamodt  Norway Vreni Schneider (2)   Switzerland
1995 Alberto Tomba  Italy Vreni Schneider (3)   Switzerland
1996 Lasse Kjus  Norway Katja Seizinger  Germany
1997 Luc Alphand  France Pernilla Wiberg  Sweden
1998 Hermann Maier  Austria Katja Seizinger (2)  Germany
1999 Lasse Kjus (2)  Norway Alexandra Meissnitzer  Austria
2000 Hermann Maier (2)  Austria Renate Götschl  Austria
2001 Hermann Maier (3)  Austria Janica Kostelić  Croatia
2002 Stephan Eberharter  Austria Michaela Dorfmeister  Austria
2003 Stephan Eberharter (2)  Austria Janica Kostelić (2)  Croatia
2004 Hermann Maier (4)  Austria Anja Pärson  Sweden
2005 Bode Miller  United States Anja Pärson (2)  Sweden
2006 Benjamin Raich  Austria Janica Kostelić (3)  Croatia
2007 Aksel Lund Svindal  Norway Nicole Hosp  Austria
2008 Bode Miller (2)  United States Lindsey Vonn  United States
2009 Aksel Lund Svindal (2)  Norway Lindsey Vonn (2)  United States
2010 Carlo Janka   Switzerland Lindsey Vonn (3)  United States
2011 Ivica Kostelić  Croatia Maria Riesch  Germany
2012 Marcel Hirscher  Austria Lindsey Vonn (4)  United States
2013 Marcel Hirscher (2)  Austria Tina Maze  Slovenia

Overall winners by nation

Nation Overall Winners
Total Men Women
 Austria 26 11 15
  Switzerland 18 7 11
 United States 10 5 5
 Sweden 6 3 3
 Italy 6 6
 Norway 5 5
 Luxembourg 5 5
 France 4 3 1
 Croatia 4 1 3
 Germany &  West Germany 4 4
 Liechtenstein 3 1 2
 Canada 2 2
 Slovenia 1 - 1

Most overall World Cup titles

The following skiers have at least 3 overall alpine World Cup titles.

Men Country Career Overall World Cups Discipline World Cups
Downhill Super G GS Slalom Combined
Marc Girardelli  Luxembourg 1980–1996 5 2 1 3 4
Gustav Thöni  Italy 1969–1980 4 NA 3 2
Pirmin Zurbriggen   Switzerland 1981–1990 4 2 4 3 3
Hermann Maier  Austria 1996–2009 4 2 5 3
Ingemar Stenmark  Sweden 1973–1989 3 8 8
Phil Mahre  United States 1975–1984 3 2 1 4
Women Country Career Overall World Cups Discipline World Cups
Downhill Super G GS Slalom Combined
Annemarie Moser-Pröll  Austria 1969–1980 6 7 NA 3 2
Lindsey Vonn  United States 2000–active 4 6 4 3
Petra Kronberger  Austria 1987–1992 3 1
Vreni Schneider   Switzerland 1984–1995 3 5 6
Janica Kostelić  Croatia 1998–2006 3 3 4

Most discipline World Cup titles

Combined titles counted from 2007-2012 when crystal globe was awarded. The records for most World Cup titles in each discipline are as follows:

Discipline Men Women
Name Country Titles Name Country Titles
Downhill Franz Klammer  Austria 5 Annemarie Moser-Pröll  Austria 7
Super G Hermann Maier  Austria 5 Katja Seizinger  Germany 5
Giant Slalom Ingemar Stenmark  Sweden 8 Vreni Schneider   Switzerland 5
Slalom Ingemar Stenmark  Sweden 8 Vreni Schneider   Switzerland 6
Combined Ivica Kostelić  Croatia 2 Lindsey Vonn  United States 3

For a complete list of winners in each discipline, see Alpine Skiing World Cup Men and Alpine Skiing World Cup Women.

Most World Cup wins in each discipline

The records for most World Cup wins in each discipline are as follows (October 31, 2013):

Discipline Men (Top 3) Women (Top 3)
Name Country Wins Name Country Wins
Downhill Franz Klammer
Peter Müller
Stephan Eberharter
 Austria
  Switzerland
 Austria
25
19
18
Annemarie Moser-Pröll
Lindsey Vonn
Renate Götschl
 Austria
 United States
 Austria
36
29
24
Super G Hermann Maier
Pirmin Zurbriggen
Aksel Lund Svindal
 Austria
  Switzerland
 Norway
24
10
10
Lindsey Vonn
Renate Götschl
Katja Seizinger
 United States
 Austria
 Germany
20
17
16
Giant Slalom Ingemar Stenmark
Michael von Grünigen
Ted Ligety
 Sweden
  Switzerland
 United States
46
23
18
Vreni Schneider
Annemarie Moser-Pröll
Anita Wachter
Lise-Marie Morerod
  Switzerland
 Austria
 Austria
  Switzerland
20
16
14
14
Slalom Ingemar Stenmark
Alberto Tomba
Marc Girardelli
 Sweden
 Italy
 Luxembourg
40
35
16
Vreni Schneider
Marlies Schild
Erika Hess
  Switzerland
 Austria
  Switzerland
34
33
21
Combined Marc Girardelli
Pirmin Zurbriggen
Phil Mahre
 Luxembourg
  Switzerland
 United States
11
11
11
Hanni Wenzel
Annemarie Moser-Pröll
Brigitte Oertli
 Liechtenstein
 Austria
  Switzerland
8
7
7

Various records

Category World Cup
Season(s) Men Record   Season(s) Women Record
Prize money in CHF
(in a single season)
2000 Austria Hermann Maier 660,000 2013 Slovenia Tina Maze 701,797
Overall points 2000 Austria Hermann Maier 2000 2013 Slovenia Tina Maze 2414
Margin of victory 2001 Austria Hermann Maier 743 2013 Slovenia Tina Maze 1313
Avg. points per race
(only races where participated)
2013 Austria Marcel Hirscher 77 2013 Slovenia Tina Maze 69
Avg. points per race
(all races in a season)
2000 Austria Hermann Maier 50 2013 Slovenia Tina Maze 69
Red jersey-overall races
(only skier all season lead)
2005 United States Bode Miller 36 2013 Slovenia Tina Maze 35
Overall titles 1980-1996 Luxembourg Marc Girardelli 5 1969-1980 Austria Annemarie Moser-Pröll 6
Most discipline titles 1975-1984 Sweden Ingemar Stenmark 16 2008-2013 United States Lindsey Vonn 13
Most discipline titles
(in a single season)
1967
1987
2000
2001
France Jean Claude Killy
Switzerland Pirmin Zurbriggen
Austria Hermann Maier
Austria Hermann Maier
3 2010
2011
2012
United States Lindsey Vonn
United States Lindsey Vonn
United States Lindsey Vonn
3
All titles 1975-1984 Sweden Ingemar Stenmark 19 2008-2013 United States Lindsey Vonn 17
Wins (in a single season) 1979
2001
Sweden Ingemar Stenmark
Austria Hermann Maier
13 1989 Switzerland Vreni Schneider 14
Podiums (in a single season) 2000 Austria Hermann Maier 22 2013 Slovenia Tina Maze 24
Top 10s (in a single season) 2000 Austria Hermann Maier 25 2013 Slovenia Tina Maze 32
All 5 disciplines winners
(in a single season)
1989 Luxembourg Marc Girardelli 9
7
1991
2006
2013
Austria Petra Kronberger
Croatia Janica Kostelić
Slovenia Tina Maze
8
9
11
All wins 1975-1989 Sweden Ingemar Stenmark 86 1970-1980 Austria Annemarie Moser-Pröll 62
All podiums 1974-1989 Sweden Ingemar Stenmark 155 1969-1980 Austria Annemarie Moser-Pröll 113
Top 10 results 1990-2006 Norway Kjetil André Aamodt 231 1993-2009 Austria Renate Götschl 198
World Cup starts 1990-2006 Norway Kjetil André Aamodt 423 1993-2009 Austria Renate Götschl 408
Youngest race winner 1973 Italy Piero Gros 18.1 1973 Germany Pamela Behr 16.2
Oldest race winner 2012 Switzerland Didier Cuche 37.5 2006 Austria Michaela Dorfmeister 32.9
Youngest performance - - - - - -
Oldest performance - - - - - -
Consecutive wins
(all disciplines)
1977-1978 Sweden Ingemar Stenmark 10 1989 Switzerland Vreni Schneider 10
Consecutive wins
(single discipline)
1978-1980 Sweden Ingemar Stenmark 15 1989-1990 Switzerland Vreni Schneider 12
Consecutive podiums
(all disciplines)
1979-1981 Sweden Ingemar Stenmark 41 1979-1980 Switzerland Marie-Therese Nadig 14
Consecutive podiums
(single discipline)
1977-1982 Sweden Ingemar Stenmark 37 1971-1974 Austria Annemarie Moser-Pröll 23
Top speed (kph) 2013 France Johan Clarey 161.9 - - -

NOTE: Only crystal globe awarded discipline officially counts as titles. And medal's awarded DH, GS, SL disciplines in seasons 1967-1977 as well. Combined crystal globe was officially awarded only in seasons 2007-2012.

Most successful race winners

A common measurement on how good individual skiers are is often the total number of World Cup races won during the skiing career. The following skiers have won at least 20 World Cup races:

Rank Men Country Career Victories Downhill Super G Giant Slalom Slalom Combined Parallel
1 Ingemar Stenmark  Sweden 1973–1989 86 46 40
2 Hermann Maier  Austria 1996–2009 54 15 24 14 1
3 Alberto Tomba  Italy 1986–1998 50 15 35
4 Marc Girardelli  Luxembourg 1980–1996 46 3 9 7 16 11
5 Pirmin Zurbriggen   Switzerland 1981–1990 40 10 10 7 2 11
6 Benjamin Raich  Austria 1997–active 36 1 14 14 7
7 Bode Miller  United States 1997–active 33 8 5 9 5 6
8 Stephan Eberharter  Austria 1989–2004 29 18 6 5
9 Phil Mahre  United States 1975–1984 27 7 9 11
10 Franz Klammer  Austria 1972–1985 26 25 1
Ivica Kostelić  Croatia 1998–active 26 1 15 9 1
12 Peter Müller   Switzerland 1977–1992 24 19 2 3
Gustav Thöni  Italy 1969–1980 24 NA 11 8 4 1
14 Michael von Grünigen   Switzerland 1989–2003 23 23
15 Kjetil André Aamodt  Norway 1989–2006 21 1 5 6 1 8
Didier Cuche   Switzerland 1993–2012 21 12 6 3
Aksel Lund Svindal  Norway 2001–active 21 6 10 4 1
See also the complete list of Alpine skiing World Cup race winners – Men
Rank Women Country Career Victories Downhill Super G Giant Slalom Slalom Combined Parallel
1 Annemarie Moser-Pröll  Austria 1969–1980 62 36 NA 16 3 7
2 Lindsey Vonn  United States 2000–active 59 29 20 3 2 5
3 Vreni Schneider   Switzerland 1984–1995 55 20 34 1
4 Renate Götschl  Austria 1993–2009 46 24 17 1 4
5 Anja Pärson  Sweden 1998–2012 42 6 4 11 18 3
6 Katja Seizinger  Germany 1989–1998 36 16 16 4
7 Marlies Schild  Austria 2001–active 35 1 33 1
8 Hanni Wenzel  Liechtenstein 1972–1984 33 2 12 11 8
9 Erika Hess   Switzerland 1978–1987 31 6 21 4
10 Janica Kostelić  Croatia 1998–2006 30 1 1 2 20 6
11 Michela Figini   Switzerland 1983–1990 26 17 3 2 4
12 Maria Walliser   Switzerland 1980–1990 25 14 3 6 2
Michaela Dorfmeister  Austria 1991–2006 25 7 10 8
14 Pernilla Wiberg  Sweden 1990–2002 24 2 3 2 14 3
Marie-Theres Nadig   Switzerland 1971–1981 24 13 NA 6 5
Lise-Marie Morerod   Switzerland 1973–1980 24 NA 14 10
Maria Höfl-Riesch  Germany 2001-active 24 8 3 9 4
18 Carole Merle  France 1981–1994 22 12 10
Tina Maze  Slovenia 1999–active 22 2 1 13 3 3
20 Hilde Gerg  Germany 1993–2005 20 7 8 1 3 1
See also the complete list of Alpine skiing World Cup race winners – Women

NOTE: WC Parallel slalom from (1975 and 1997) and all WC City Events are included in the counts of World Cup wins, podiums, and top 10 results.

All-event winners

Only a few of the most versatile racers have ever managed to win races in all five World Cup alpine skiing disciplines during their career, as listed in the table below. Marc Girardelli (1988–89), Petra Kronberger (1990–91), Janica Kostelić (2005–6) and Tina Maze (2012–13) are the only skiers to have won all five events in a single season. Of these, Tina Maze is the only one to have won five different events in a row within a single season (2012-13, between December 16 and March 2). Bode Miller is the only skier with at least five World Cup victories in all five disciplines. Since the combined was not introduced until the 1974–75 season and the Super G until 1982–83, the following list also includes those racers who won races in all disciplines contested during their World Cup careers (events not contested are marked by NA).

Men

Name Country Career Victories Downhill Super G Giant Slalom Slalom Combined
5 events
Marc Girardelli  Luxembourg 1980–1996 46 3 9 7 16 11
Pirmin Zurbriggen   Switzerland 1981–1990 40 10 10 7 2 11
Bode Miller  United States 1997–active 33 8 5 9 5 6
Kjetil André Aamodt  Norway 1989–2006 21 1 5 6 1 8
Günther Mader  Austria 1982–1998 14 1 6 2 1 4
3 events (before 1975)
Jean-Claude Killy  France 1967–1968 18 6 NA 7 5 NA
Henri Duvillard  France 1967–1973 6 3 NA 2 1 NA

Women

Name Country Career Victories Downhill Super G Giant Slalom Slalom Combined
5 events
Lindsey Vonn  United States 2000–active 59 29 20 3 2 5
Anja Pärson  Sweden 1998–2012 42 6 4 11 18 3
Janica Kostelić  Croatia 1998–2006 30 1 1 2 20 6
Pernilla Wiberg  Sweden 1990–2002 24 2 3 2 14 3
Tina Maze  Slovenia 1999–active 22 2 1 13 3 3
Petra Kronberger  Austria 1987–1992 16 6 2 3 3 2
4 events (before 1982)
Annemarie Moser-Pröll  Austria 1969–1980 62 36 NA 16 3 7
3 events (before 1975)
Nancy Greene  Canada 1967–1968 14 3 NA 8 3 NA
Françoise Macchi  France 1968–1972 10 2 NA 6 2 NA

Michèle Jacot, the only female French alpine skiing World Cup overall winner (1970), would be part of this list, if only she had finished her career (1968–1975) one year earlier; from 1969–1971 she achieved 10 victories (1 downhill, 6 giant slaloms, 3 slaloms), but in her last season 1974–75 the combined was introduced, and she could not add a victory in this discipline.

Most race wins in a single season

The following skiers have won at least 10 World Cup races in a single season (events not available in a given season are marked by NA):

Men Country Season Victories Downhill Super G Giant Slalom Slalom Combined
Ingemar Stenmark  Sweden 1978–1979 13 NA 10 3
Hermann Maier  Austria 2000–2001 13 5 3 5
Jean-Claude Killy  France 1967 12 5 NA 4 3 NA
Ingemar Stenmark  Sweden 1979–1980 11 NA 6 5
Marc Girardelli  Luxembourg 1984–1985 11 2 2 7
Pirmin Zurbriggen   Switzerland 1986–1987 11 5 1 3 2
Alberto Tomba  Italy 1994–1995 11 4 7
Ingemar Stenmark  Sweden 1976–1977 10 NA 3 7
Ingemar Stenmark  Sweden 1980–1981 10 NA 6 4
Hermann Maier  Austria 1997–1998 10 2 4 3 1
Hermann Maier  Austria 1999–2000 10 3 4 3
Stephan Eberharter  Austria 2001–2002 10 6 3 1
Women Country Season Victories Downhill Super G Giant Slalom Slalom Combined
Vreni Schneider   Switzerland 1988–1989 14 6 7 1
Lindsey Vonn  United States 2011–2012 12 5 4 2 1
Annemarie Moser-Pröll  Austria 1972–1973 11 8 NA 3 NA
Anja Pärson  Sweden 2003–2004 11 5 6
Lindsey Vonn  United States 2009–2010 11 6 4 1
Tina Maze  Slovenia 2012–2013 11 1 1 5 2 2
Annemarie Moser-Pröll  Austria 1974–1975 10 2 NA 5 3

Best season starts

The most points achieved after first 10 events in the beginning of a World Cup season calendar since 1991 when current ranking system was introduced.

# Season Women Points
1. 2013 Slovenia Tina Maze 677
2. 1998 Germany Katja Seizinger 643
3. 1999 Austria Alexandra Meissnitzer 625
4. 2012 United States Lindsey Vonn 599
5. 2011 United States Lindsey Vonn 581
# Season Men Points
1. 2005 United States Bode Miller 730
2. 2000 Austria Hermann Maier 680
3. 2001 Austria Hermann Maier 616
4. 1996 Norway Lasse Kjus 590
5. 1992 Switzerland Paul Accola 581

Most race wins in consecutive seasons

Two consecutive seasons:

Men Country Seasons Victories
Ingemar Stenmark  Sweden 1979 & 1980 24
Hermann Maier  Austria 2000 & 2001 23
Ingemar Stenmark  Sweden 1980 & 1981 21
Ingemar Stenmark  Sweden 1978 & 1979 20
Stephan Eberharter  Austria 2002 & 2003 19
Women Country Seasons Victories
Lindsey Vonn  United States 2009 & 2010 20
Lindsey Vonn  United States 2011 & 2012 20
Annemarie Moser-Pröll  Austria 1972 & 1973 19
Vreni Schneider   Switzerland 1989 & 1990 19
Lindsey Vonn  United States 2010 & 2011 19

Three consecutive seasons:

Men Country Seasons Victories
Ingemar Stenmark  Sweden 1979, 1980, 1981 34
Ingemar Stenmark  Sweden 1978, 1979, 1980 31
Ingemar Stenmark  Sweden 1977, 1978, 1979 30
Hermann Maier  Austria 1999, 2000, 2001 30
Hermann Maier  Austria 1998, 1999, 2000 27
Women Country Seasons Victories
Lindsey Vonn  United States 2010, 2011, 2012 31
Lindsey Vonn  United States 2009, 2010, 2011 28
Annemarie Moser-Pröll  Austria 1971, 1972, 1973 26
Lindsey Vonn  United States 2008, 2009, 2010 26
Lindsey Vonn  United States 2011, 2012, 2013 26

Four consecutive seasons:

Men Country Seasons Victories
Ingemar Stenmark  Sweden 1977, 1978, 1979, 1980 41
Ingemar Stenmark  Sweden 1978, 1979, 1980, 1981 41
Hermann Maier  Austria 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001 40
Ingemar Stenmark  Sweden 1979, 1980, 1981, 1982 39
Ingemar Stenmark  Sweden 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979 36
Women Country Seasons Victories
Lindsey Vonn  United States 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012 40
Lindsey Vonn  United States 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013 37
Lindsey Vonn  United States 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011 34
Annemarie Moser-Pröll  Austria 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975 33
Annemarie Moser-Pröll  Austria 1971, 1972, 1973, 1974 30

Five consecutive seasons:

Men Country Seasons Victories
Ingemar Stenmark  Sweden 1977, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1981 51
Ingemar Stenmark  Sweden 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1980 47
Ingemar Stenmark  Sweden 1978, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1982 46
Ingemar Stenmark  Sweden 1979, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983 44
Ingemar Stenmark  Sweden 1975, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979 41
Hermann Maier  Austria 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001 41
Women Country Seasons Victories
Lindsey Vonn  United States 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012 46
Lindsey Vonn  United States 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013 46
Annemarie Moser-Pröll  Austria 1971, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975 40
Lindsey Vonn  United States 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011 37
Anja Pärson  Sweden 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006 33

Youngest and oldest World Cup winners

The youngest person ever to win a World Cup race is Pamela Behr of West Germany, who won a slalom in Val d'Isere, France, in December 1972 at the age of 16 years, 79 days — it would be the only World Cup race win of her nine-year career. Several other women have also won World Cup races at age 16.[5]

The youngest men's World Cup race winner is Piero Gros of Italy, who won a giant slalom in Val d'Isere, France, in December 1972 (one day before Pamela Behr's win) at the age of 18 years, 39 days. Gros would win a slalom race only nine days later, and go on to win 12 World Cup races during his ten-year career. Several other men have also won World Cup races at age 18.[6]

The oldest person ever to win a World Cup race is Didier Cuche of Switzerland, who has won three downhills and a Super-G during the 2011–2012 season, most recently at Crans Montana, Switzerland in February 2012 at the age of 37 years, 192 days. No other men have won a World Cup race beyond the age of 36.[6]

The oldest women's World Cup race winner is Michaela Dorfmeister of Austria, who won a Super G in Hafjell, Norway, in March 2006 at the age of 32 years, 343 days. Two of her Austrian teammates, Alexandra Meissnitzer and Anita Wachter, have also won World Cup races at age 32.[5]

The youngest overall World Cup winner is Annemarie Moser-Pröll of Austria, who won the women's 1971 Alpine Skiing World Cup at the age of 17. She would go on to repeat as overall champion for the next four seasons (1972–1975), along with a 6th overall title in 1979. The youngest men's overall winner is Piero Gros of Italy, who won the men's 1974 Alpine Skiing World Cup at the age of 19 for his only overall title.[7]

The oldest overall World Cup winner is Stephan Eberharter of Austria, who won the men's 2003 Alpine Skiing World Cup at the age of 33, his 2nd consecutive overall title. The oldest women's overall winner is Vreni Schneider of Switzerland, who won the women's 1995 Alpine Skiing World Cup at the age of 30 for her 3rd overall title.[7]

World Cup scoring system

The World Cup scoring system is based on awarding a number of points for each place in a race, but the procedure for doing so and the often-arcane method used to calculate the annual champions has varied greatly over the years. Originally, points were awarded only to the top 10 finishers in each race, with 25 points for the winner, 20 for second, 15 for third, 11 for fourth, 8 for fifth, 6 for sixth, 4 for seventh, and then decreasing by 1 point for each lower place. To determine the winner for each discipline World Cup, only a racer's best 3 results would count, even though there would typically be 6–8 races in each discipline. For the overall Cup, the best three results in each discipline would be summed. Until 1970, also the results of Winter Olympic Games races and Alpine World Ski Championship races were included in the World Cup valuation (i.e. Grenoble 1968 and Val Gardena 1970); this was abandoned after 1970, mainly due to the limited number of racers per nation who are admitted to take part in these events. For the 1971–72 season, the number of results counted was increased to 5 in each discipline. The formula used to determine the overall winner varied almost every year over the next decade, with some seasons divided into two portions with a fixed number of results in each period counting towards the overall, while in other seasons the best 3 or 4 results in each discipline would count.

Starting with the 1979–80 season, points were awarded to the top 15 finishers in each race. After 1980–81, the formula for the overall title stabilized for several years, counting the best 5 results in the original disciplines (slalom, giant slalom, and downhill) plus the best 3 results in combined. When Super G events were introduced for the 1982–83 season, the results were included with giant slalom for the first three seasons, before a separate discipline Cup was awarded starting in 1985–86 and the top 3 Super G results were counted towards the overall. The formula for the overall was changed yet again the following season, with the top 4 results in each discipline counting, along with all combined results (although the combined was nearly eliminated from the schedule, reduced to only 1 or 2 events per season).

This perennial tweaking of the scoring formula was a source of ongoing uncertainty to the World Cup racers and to fans. The need for a complete overhaul of the scoring system had grown increasingly urgent with each successive year, and in 1987–88 the FIS decided to fully simplify the system: all results would now count in each discipline and in the overall. This new system was an immediate success, and the practice of counting all results has been maintained in every subsequent season. With the ongoing expansion of the number and quality of competitors in World Cup races over the years, a major change to the scoring system was implemented in the 1991–92 season. The top 30 finishers in each race would now earn points, with 100 for the winner, 80 for second, 60 for third, and then decreasing by smaller increments for each lower place. The point values were adjusted slightly the following season (to reduce the points for places 4th through 20th), and the scoring system has not been changed again since that year. The table below compares the point values under all five scoring systems which have been in use:

Place 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
Current System
1993
100 80 60 50 45 40 36 32 29 26 24 22 20 18 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
1992 System
1992
100 80 60 55 51 47 43 40 37 34 31 28 26 24 22 20 18 16 14 12 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
Top 15 System
19801991
25 20 15 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
1979 System †
1979
25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
Original System
19671979
25 20 15 11 8 6 4 3 2 1

† NOTE: The scoring system changed during the 1978–79 season; this special system was used for the last 2 men's downhills and the last 3 races in every other discipline except combined.

Statistical Analysis

Since the Top 30 scoring system was implemented in 1991–92., the number of completed men's or women's World Cup races each year has ranged from 30 to 44, so the maximum possible point total for an individual racer is about 3000–4400 under the current scoring system. However, very few racers actually ski in all events; for example, Bode Miller was "the only skier to have competed in every World Cup race"[8] during the three seasons from 20032005. The current record for total World Cup points in a season is Tina Maze's 2414 points in 2012–13, with the men's record of 2000 points set by Hermann Maier in 1999–2000. The fewest points for an overall champion under the current system thus far have been 1009 for men by Aksel Lund Svindal in 2008-9 and 1248 for women by Vreni Schneider in 1994–95. The largest margin of victory in the overall has been Maze's 1313 points in 2012-13, more than doubling second place finisher Maria Höfl-Rieschs total, while the largest men's margin was 743 points by Hermann Maier in 2000-1. Note that in the early days of World Cup (when the first place was awarded only 25 points), even larger relative margins of victory were recorded in 1967 by Jean-Claude Killy with 225 points over Heinrich Messner with 114 points and in 1973–74 by Annemarie Moser-Pröll with 268 points over Monika Kaserer with 153 points. The closest finishes since 1992 have been minuscule margins of 6 points in 1994–95 (Vreni Schneider over Katja Seizinger), 3 points in 2004-5 (Anja Pärson over Janica Kostelić) and in 2010–11 (Maria Riesch over Lindsey Vonn), and only 2 points in 2008-9 (Aksel Lund Svindal over Benjamin Raich). The current men's record for total World Cup points in one month of the season is Ivica Kostelić's 999 points from January 2011.

The tables below contain a brief statistical analysis of the overall World Cup standings during the 21 seasons since the Top 30 scoring system was implemented in 1991–92. In general, over 1000 points are needed to contend for the overall title. At least 1 man and 1 woman has scored 1000 points in each of these seasons, but no more than 5 men's or women's racers have crossed that threshold in any single season. Of the 42 men's and women's overall champions in these years, 38 scored over 1200 points, 30 had over 1300 points, 19 reached 1500 points, and only 7 amassed more than 1700 points during their winning seasons. As for the runners-up, 37 of the 42 second-place finishers scored over 1000 points, 18 had over 1300 points, and only 4 reached 1500 points yet failed to win. Most overall titles have been won quite convincingly, by more than 200 points in 23 of 42 cases, while only 11 margins of victory have been tighter than 50 points.

Annual Statistics Calculated for the 19922012 Seasons
Men's Overall World Cup
Races Completed 1st Place Points Margin of Victory 2nd Place Points 3rd Place Points Number of Skiers per Season:
> 1000 Pts > 500 Pts > 200 Pts
Maximum 44 2000 743 1454 1307 5 21 50
Average 35.4 1414 258 1155 1001 2.5 14 41
Minimum 30 1009 2 775 760 1 8 37
Women's Overall World Cup
Races Completed 1st Place Points Margin of Victory 2nd Place Points 3rd Place Points Number of Skiers per Season:
> 1000 Pts > 500 Pts > 200 Pts
Maximum 39 1980 578 1725 1391 5 19 45
Average 33.4 1570 244 1326 1117 3.3 13 37
Minimum 30 1248 3 931 904 1 9 32
Aggregate Statistics Calculated for the 19922012 Seasons
Men's and Women's Overall World Cups: Total Numbers Across 21 Seasons
> 1700 Pts > 1500 Pts > 1300 Pts > 1200 Pts > 1100 Pts > 1000 Pts > 900 Pts > 800 Pts
First Place 7 19 30 38 41 42 42 42
Second Place 1 4 18 24 28 37 40 41
Third Place 4 7 15 27 36 40
> 600 Pts > 500 Pts > 400 Pts > 300 Pts > 200 Pts > 100 Pts >= 50 Pts < 50 Pts
Margin of Victory 2 6 10 19 23 28 31 11

World Cup Finals

Since 1993 the International Ski Federation (FIS) has hosted a World Cup Final at the end of each season in March. During five days, men's and women's races are held in four disciplines: slalom, giant slalom, Super G, and downhill. Only a limited number of racers are invited to ski at the Finals, including the top 25 in the World Cup standings in each discipline, plus the current junior World Champions in each discipline. Because of the smaller field, World Cup points are only awarded to the top 15 finishers in each race.

Hosts of the World Cup Finals:

The 2004 final was held in all FIS disciplines except Ski Jumping. The Freestyle events were held in neighbouring Sauze d'Oulx and the Snowboard events in Bardonecchia. The 2008 final was held in all FIS disciplines except Ski Jumping. The Freestyle and Snowboard events were held in neighbouring Valmalenco.

Team Events

World Cup

Venue Date Winner Second Third
Sweden Åre 19 March 2006 Austria Austria United States United States Sweden Sweden
Switzerland Lenzerheide 16 March 2007 Austria Austria Italy Italy France France
Italy Bormio 16 March 2008 canceled due to fog, rain
Sweden Åre 28 March 2009 Italy Italy Austria Austria Switzerland Switzerland
Germany Garmisch-Partenkirchen 14 March 2010 Czech Republic Czech Republic Switzerland Switzerland Austria Austria
Switzerland Lenzerheide 20 March 2011 Germany Germany Italy Italy Austria Austria
Austria Schladming 16 March 2012 Austria Austria Switzerland Switzerland Sweden Sweden
Switzerland Lenzerheide 20 March 2013 Germany Germany Sweden Sweden Italy Italy

Parallel Slalom/City Event

Exhibition

Venue Date Men Women
Parallel Slalom
Canada Mont St. Anne Mar 20, 1976 Italy Franco Bieler Switzerland Bernadette Zurbriggen
Spain Sierra Nevada Mar 26, 1977 Austria Manfred Brunner Germany Christa Zechmeister
Switzerland Arosa Mar 19, 1978 United States Phil Mahre Austria Annemarie Moser-Pröll
Italy M. di Campiglio Dec 14, 1978 Sweden Ingemar Stenmark no competition
Austria Saalbach Mar 16, 1980 Austria Anton Steiner Austria Annemarie Moser-Pröll
Switzerland Laax Mar 30, 1981 Sweden Ingemar Stenmark United States Tamara McKinney
France Montgenèvre Mar 28, 1982 United States Phil Mahre Germany Maria Epple
Japan Furano Mar 21, 1983 Sweden Ingemar Stenmark France Anne-Flore Rey
Norway Oslo Mar 25, 1984 Austria Hans Enn Czechoslovakia Olga Charvátová
Austria Vienna Jan 06, 1986 Italy Ivano Edalini* no competition
Canada Bromont Mar 23, 1986 Liechtenstein Paul Frommelt Switzerland Vreni Schneider
Germany Berlin Dec 28, 1986 Austria Leonhard Stock no competition
Germany Munich Jan 18, 1987 United States Tamara McKinney
Italy Bormio Dec 22, 1987 Switzerland Pirmin Zurbriggen Switzerland Brigitte Oertli
Austria Saalbach Mar 27, 1988 Italy Alberto Tomba Germany Christina Meier
Japan Shiga Kōgen Mar 11, 1989 Austria Bernhard Gstrein Switzerland Chantal Bournissen
United States Waterville Mar 24, 1991 Switzerland Urs Kälin Austria Anita Wachter

World Cup

Venue Date Men Women
Parallel Slalom
Italy Val Gardena Mar 23–24, 1975 Italy Gustav Thöni Austria Monika Kaserer
France Tignes Oct 24, 1997 Austria Josef Strobl France Leila Piccard
United States Mammoth Mountain Nov 28, 1997 no competition Germany Hilde Gerg
City Event/Parallel
Germany Munich Jan 02, 2011 Croatia Ivica Kostelić Sweden Maria Pietilä Holmner
Germany Munich Jan 01, 2012 cancelled cancelled
Russia Moscow Feb 21, 2012 France Alexis Pinturault United States Julia Mancuso
Germany Munich Jan 01, 2013 Germany Felix Neureuther Slovakia Veronika Velez Zuzulová
Russia Moscow Jan 29, 2013 Austria Marcel Hirscher Germany Lena Dürr

NOTE: Ivano Edalini's win in parallel slalom in Vienna on January 6, 1986 is counted as World Cup victory only on FIS official site statistics. However official Ski-Database site doesn't count it in official statistics while points were awarded only for team rankings. The 1986 Vienna event was the 1st ever FIS Alpine Ski World Cup race held under floodlights.

Parallel slalom exhibition events (1976–1991) held by the end of the FIS Ski World Cup season on World Cup venues with all the best World Cup skiers participating, but not counting for World points or statistics. Parallel events in 1986 Berlin, 1986 Munich, 1987 Munich and 2009 Moscow were just promotional and are not included in this list. Berlin hosted promotional event in 1986 for men only. Munich's Olympic Hill hosted two women's parallel slalom demonstration events with about 50,000 spectators on each events. In 2009 Parallel Slalom was renamed in City Event first performed in Moscow.

Nations Cup

The Nations Cup standings are calculated by adding up all points each season for all racers from a given nation.

Year Total Standings   Men's Standings   Women's Standings
First Second Third First Second Third First Second Third
1967  FRA  AUT  CAN  FRA  AUT   SUI  FRA  AUT  CAN
1968  FRA  AUT   SUI  AUT  FRA   SUI  FRA  AUT  USA
1969  AUT  FRA  USA  AUT  FRA   SUI  FRA  USA  AUT
1970  FRA  AUT  USA  FRA  AUT   SUI  FRA  USA  AUT
1971  FRA  AUT   SUI  FRA   SUI  AUT  FRA  AUT  USA
1972  FRA  AUT   SUI   SUI  FRA  ITA  FRA  AUT  USA
1973  AUT  FRA   SUI  AUT  ITA   SUI  AUT  FRA  FRG
1974  AUT  ITA   SUI  ITA  AUT   SUI  AUT  FRG  FRA
1975  AUT  ITA   SUI  ITA  AUT   SUI  AUT   SUI  FRG
1976  AUT   SUI  ITA  ITA  AUT   SUI  AUT  FRG   SUI
1977  AUT   SUI  ITA  AUT   SUI  ITA  AUT   SUI  FRA
1978  AUT   SUI  USA  AUT  ITA  SWE  AUT   SUI  FRG
1979  AUT   SUI  ITA  AUT   SUI  ITA  AUT  FRG  USA
1980  AUT   SUI  LIE  AUT   SUI  SWE  AUT
  SUI
 LIE
1981   SUI  USA  AUT  AUT   SUI  USA   SUI  USA  FRG
1982   SUI  AUT  USA  AUT   SUI  USA  FRG   SUI  USA
1983   SUI  AUT  USA   SUI  AUT  SWE   SUI  AUT  USA
1984   SUI  AUT  USA  AUT   SUI  SWE   SUI  USA  AUT
1985   SUI  AUT  FRG   SUI  AUT  ITA   SUI  FRG  AUT
1986   SUI  AUT  FRG  AUT   SUI  ITA   SUI  AUT  FRG
1987   SUI  AUT  FRG   SUI  AUT  ITA   SUI  AUT  FRG
1988  AUT   SUI  FRG  AUT   SUI  ITA   SUI  AUT  FRG
1989   SUI  AUT  FRG  AUT   SUI  FRG   SUI  AUT  FRA
1990  AUT   SUI  FRG  AUT   SUI  ITA  AUT   SUI  FRG
1991  AUT   SUI  GER  AUT   SUI  NOR  AUT   SUI  GER
1992  AUT   SUI  GER   SUI  AUT  ITA  AUT  GER   SUI
1993  AUT   SUI  GER  AUT   SUI  NOR  AUT  GER   SUI
1994  AUT   SUI  ITA  AUT  NOR   SUI  GER  AUT   SUI
1995  AUT   SUI  ITA  AUT  ITA  NOR   SUI  GER  AUT
1996  AUT   SUI  ITA  AUT   SUI  ITA  AUT  GER   SUI
1997  AUT  ITA   SUI  AUT  ITA  NOR  GER  AUT  ITA
1998  AUT  GER  ITA  AUT   SUI  NOR  GER  AUT  ITA
1999  AUT  NOR   SUI  AUT  NOR   SUI  AUT  GER  FRA
2000  AUT  ITA   SUI  AUT   SUI  NOR  AUT  FRA  ITA
2001  AUT   SUI  FRA  AUT   SUI  NOR  AUT  FRA   SUI
2002  AUT   SUI  ITA  AUT   SUI  FRA  AUT   SUI  ITA
2003  AUT   SUI  USA  AUT   SUI  USA  AUT  ITA  GER
2004  AUT  ITA  USA  AUT  ITA   SUI  AUT  GER  USA
2005  AUT  USA  ITA  AUT  USA  ITA  AUT  USA  GER
2006  AUT  USA  ITA  AUT  USA  ITA  AUT  SWE  USA
2007  AUT   SUI  USA  AUT   SUI  ITA  AUT  USA  SWE
2008  AUT   SUI  ITA  AUT   SUI  ITA  AUT  USA  ITA
2009  AUT   SUI  ITA  AUT   SUI  ITA  AUT   SUI  GER
2010  AUT   SUI  ITA  AUT   SUI  ITA  AUT  GER   SUI
2011  AUT   SUI  ITA  AUT   SUI  ITA  AUT  GER  USA
2012  AUT  ITA   SUI  AUT   SUI  ITA  AUT  USA  ITA
2013  AUT  ITA  USA  AUT  ITA  FRA  AUT  USA  GER

The early years of the World Cup were largely dominated by the French ski team, as reflected in their Nations Cup wins in 5 of the first 6 years. The Austrian team then took over throughout the rest of the 1970s, followed by Swiss superiority during most of the 1980s. A resurgent Austrian team charged back to the top in 1990, beginning a long streak of consecutive Nations Cup triumphs. Austrian dominance reached its zenith in the late 1990s and 2000s (decade), when their point total regularly doubled that of the second place finisher, and was capped in the 1999–2000 and 2003–4 seasons with totals that tripled those of runner-up Italy. Their 17927 point total in 1999–2000 is a Nations Cup record, as is their 12066 point margin of victory in 2003–4.

As of the end of the 2011–12 season, the Austrian team has won 23 consecutive Nations Cups, while topping the men's standings for 20 straight years and the women's for 14 in a row. Austria is the only nation to have finished in the top 3 of the Nations Cup standings in all 46 years in which World Cup competition has been held, winning in 33 of those years, runner-up in 12 years, and third place in a single year. In the midst of the ongoing Austrian juggernaut, the Swiss or Italian teams have usually held second place. The German team reached the runner-up spot for the first time in 1997–8, as did the Norwegians the next season. The USA enjoyed its best placings ever starting in 2004–5, grabbing second in the Nations Cup for two straight years.

Under the current scoring system (since 1992), the winning nation (Austria every year) has averaged over 13000 points, with an average of over 6400 for the runner-up, 5400 for third place, 4200 for fifth, and 1300 for tenth. The all-inclusive scoring system (simply adding together all World Cup points earned) favors national teams with great depth and many racers scoring World Cup points, and even teams with several top racers have no realistic chance of breaking the Austrian grip on the top spot, while a team with only one or two top-ranked racers will struggle to ever break the top five in the standings. There have been numerous calls for a revamped scoring system which would allow other nations to compete more readily for top spots in the Nations Cup, but no changes are likely to be made.[9]

The total number of top-three placings for each nation in the Nations Cup (through the 2011–12 season) are summarized below:

Nation Total Standings   Men's Standings   Women's Standings
First Second Third First Second Third First Second Third
 Austria 33 12 1 35 9 1 27 12 5
  Switzerland 8 21 10 5 25 11 10 8 7
 France 5 2 1 3 3 2 6 3 4
 Italy 6 14 3 5 17 1 6
 United States 3 9 2 3 8 9
 Germany 1 9 1 4 12 12
 Norway 1 2 7
 Canada 1 1
 Liechtenstein 1 1
 Sweden 4 1 1

NOTE: Results for West Germany and Germany are counted together in this table.

Nations which have won World Cup races

The table below lists those nations which have won at least one World Cup race (current as of March 17, 2013).[10][11]

Nation Total Victories   Victories by Discipline
Men Women Team All Downhill   Super G   Giant Slalom   Slalom   Combined   Parallel   Team
 Austria 448 347 3 798 168 110 70 51 87 82 99 82 22 21 2 1 3
  Switzerland 258 277 535 115 81 30 22 71 73 13 76 29 25
 France 117 152 269 29 24 4 23 24 44 56 60 3 1 1
 United States 115 144 259 26 53 9 24 37 20 25 37 18 9 1
 Italy 168 66 1 235 29 15 12 11 49 27 72 12 5 1 1 1
 Germany 35 177 1 213 6 45 6 42 1 46 19 30 2 12 1 2 1
 Sweden 115 77 192 8 3 8 53 14 59 40 6 1
 Norway 97 8 105 24 22 2 21 4 17 2 13
 Canada 34 37 71 27 15 5 5 2 10 6 1
 Slovenia 23 45 68 2 2 4 1 20 20 16 3
 Liechtenstein 24 37 61 3 2 3 1 4 13 8 13 6 8
 Croatia 26 30 56 1 1 1 2 15 20 9 6 1
 Luxembourg 46 46 3 9 7 16 11
 Finland 14 11 25 4 5 10 6
 Spain 1 11 12 1 7 1 3
 New Zealand 5 5 5
 Russia 5 5 4 1
 Soviet Union 5 5 1 3 1
 Czech Republic 2 1 3 2 1
 Czechoslovakia 3 3 1 1 1
 Australia 2 1 3 1 1 1
 Slovakia 2 2 1 1
 Poland 1 1 2 1 1
 Bulgaria 1 1 1
Totals 1530 1438 6 2974 434 362 175 195 364 367 433 414 118 93 6 7 6

NOTE: Ivano Edalini's win in parallel slalom in Vienna on January 6, 1986 is counted as World Cup victory only on FIS official site statistics. However official Ski-Database site doesn't count it as World Cup victory and is not counted in official statistics.

Individual race wins are counted in this table, along with the nations team events held at World Cup Finals since 2006 (counts double as both men & women in mixed competition contribute to a win). The "parallel race" is a head-to-head slalom race format used occasionally from the 1970s through 1990s, and again in 2011. Parallel slalom (from 1975 and 1997) and all City Events counts for official World Cup points & statistics. Team event wins are doubled (because on one team event race competed both women and men; so it's counted separately each for women and men). Results for West Germany and Germany are counted together in this table. All of Yugoslavia's wins are currently lumped in with Slovenia, since the skiers who won races for former Yugoslavia were all Slovenes from Slovenia (one of six Yugoslav Republics), and thus are listed under Slovenia in online databases. The Soviet Union and Russia are counted separately, as are Czechoslovakia and the Czech Republic.

A total of 24 countries have won World Cup races, with 19 different countries winning men's races and 20 winning women's races. As expected, the top 10 nations in this list are the same as the 10 nations listed in the Nations Cup summary table (with slight changes in order).

Some interesting facts can be found in the data: Marc Girardelli accounted for all of Luxembourg's 46 wins, while Janica Kostelić has 30 of Croatia's 56 and her brother Ivica has the rest. Ingemar Stenmark still has nearly one-half of Sweden's 192 wins more than two decades after his retirement. Some nations specialize in either speed (downhill and Super G) or technical (slalom and GS) disciplines, while others are strong across the board. Among nations with 30+ wins, the Canadian team has won 73% of its races in speed events, while Yugoslavia/Slovenia has won 84% and Sweden 86% of their races in technical events, especially notable in Sweden's case given its large number of wins. Several nations with under 30 wins have 100% of them in technical events, led by Finland and Spain. In contrast Germany and Norway have the most even distribution without disproportionate strength or weakness in any one discipline. Some nations have strong teams in only one gender, as 92% of Norway's wins have come from their men and 83% of Germany's from their women, while the Swiss and Canadian totals are split almost equally.

See also

References

External links

  • FisAlpine.com FIS Alpine World Cup – Official website
  • ISHA: History of the World Cup)
  • FIS-ski.com – official results for FIS alpine World Cup events
  • Ski-db.com – World Cup results database
  • Alpine Canada Alpin/Canadian Alpine Ski Team
  • U.S. Ski and Snowboard Association
  • U.S. Ski Team
  • Podium places in the World Cup Women TOP 150
  • Podium places in the World Cup Men TOP 150
  • Russian Ski Team
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