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Title: Ancamna  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Loucetios, Smertrios, Treveri, Sea and river goddesses, Shortpages/Mythology/Celtic/Brythonic/Continental
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Depiction of Ancamna and Mars Smertrius from Freckenfeld in the ancient territory of the Nemetes.


  • Ellis, Peter Berresford (1994). Dictionary of Celtic Mythology(Oxford Paperback Reference), Oxford University Press, Oxford. ISBN 0-19-508961-8
  • MacKillop, James (1998). Dictionary of Celtic Mythology. Oxford University Press, Oxford. ISBN 0-19-280120-1.
  • Wightman, Edith Mary (1970). Roman Trier and the Treveri. Rupert Hart-Davis, London.
  • Wood, Juliette (2002). The Celts: Life, Myth, and Art. Thorsons Publishers. ISBN 0-00-764059-5

Further reading

  1. ^ H. Finke (1927). "Neue Inschriften," Bericht der Römisch-Germanischen Kommission 17, inscriptions 12, 13, 20, 254, cited at the Epigraphik-Datenbank Clauss/Slaby.
  2. ^ CIL 13: 4119.
  3. ^ a b Nicole Jufer & Thierry Luginbühl. 2001. Les dieux gaulois : répertoire des noms de divinités celtiques connus par l'épigraphie, les textes antiques et la toponymie. Editions Errance, Paris. pp.14, 21. (French)
  4. ^ Wightman, p. 214.
  5. ^ Two such surviving inscriptions were published in Finke, op. cit. inscriptions 12 and 13.
  6. ^ Wightman, p. 224.
  7. ^ Musée d'histoire et d'art, Luxembourg. 1974. Pierres sculptées et inscriptions de l'époque romaine, catalogued by Eugénie Wilhelm, p.71. (French)
  8. ^ Wightman, p. 219.

Works cited

Inciona is also apparently invoked along with Lenus Mars Veraudunus on a bronze ex voto from Luxembourg;[7] it is unclear what connection, if any, exists between Inciona and Ancamna. Jufer and Luginbühl link Ancamna with two other consorts of the Gaulish Mars, Litavis and Nemetona, noting that none of these appear to be warrior goddesses themselves; instead, they suggest that Ancamna might have been associated with a spring.[3] Edith Wightman considers the couple Mars Loucetius and Nemetona to be "closely similar to if not identical with, Lenus and Ancamna".[8]

[6] like those offered to the Xulsigiae at the Lenus Mars temple complex in Trier.genius cucullatus Among the few statuettes left as votive offerings left at the sanctuary of Mars Smertulitanus and Ancamna at Möhn is one of a [5][4]

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