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Angenehmes Wiederau, BWV 30a

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Angenehmes Wiederau, BWV 30a

Angenehmes Wiederau ("Pleasant Wiederau"), BWV 30a, is a secular cantata composed by Johann Sebastian Bach.

History and text

The work was composed in Leipzig in 1737 as an homage to Johann Christian von Hennicke, who had acquired an estate including the Wiederau manor. The only performance of the work occurred on 28 September at Gut Wiederau manor near Leipzig.

The text of the cantata was most likely written by Bach's trusted librettist Christian Friedrich Henrici (Picander).[1]

The chorale theme is Freu dich sehr, o meine Seele, which was codified by Louis Bourgeois when setting the Geneva Psalm 42 in his collection of Pseaumes octante trios de David (Geneva, 1551). Bourgeois seems to have been influenced by the secular song Ne l’oseray je dire contained in the Manuscrit de Bayeux published around 1510.

Scoring and structure

The piece is scored for oboe d'amore, oboes I/II, flauto traverso I/II, timpani, trombe I/II/III, violins I/II, viola, and basso continuo (including fagotto), along with four vocal soloists (soprano as Zeit, altus as Glück, tenor as Elster, bass as Schicksal) and four-part choir.[2]

It is in thirteen movements:

  1. Coro: "Angenehmes Wiederau" for choir and orchestral tutti.
  2. Recitative: "So ziehen wir" for soloists and continuo.
  3. Aria: "Willkommen im Heil, willkommen in Freuden" for bass, strings, and continuo.
  4. Recitative: "Da heute dir, gepriesner Hennicke" for altus and continuo.
  5. Aria: "Was die Seele kann ergötzen" for flauto traverso, strings, and continuo.
  6. Recitative: "Und wie ich jederzeit bedacht" for bass, oboes and continuo.
  7. Aria: "Ich will dich halten" for bass, oboe, violino concertante, strings, and continuo.
  8. Recitative: "Und obwohl sonst der Unbestand" for soprano and continuo.
  9. Aria: "Eilt, ihr Stunden, wie ihr wollt" for soprano, violins, and continuo.
  10. Recitative: "So recht! ihr seid mir werte Gäste" for tenor, and continuo.
  11. Aria: "So, wie ich die Tropfen zolle" for tenor, flauto traverso, oboe d'amore, strings, and continuo.
  12. Recitative: "Drum, angenehmes Wiederau" for soprano, altus and bass soloists, strings, and continuo.
  13. Coro: "Angenehmes Wiederau" for choir, orchestral tutti, and continuo.

Music

The eleventh movement, a tenor aria, is a reworking of a soprano aria from BWV 210. The other major movements are taken from BWV 30, while the recitatives are newly composed.[3][4]

Recordings

References

Sources

  • Alfred Dürr: Johann Sebastian Bach: Die Kantaten. Bärenreiter, Kassel 1999, ISBN 3-7618-1476-3
  • Alfred Dürr: The Cantatas of J.S. Bach, Oxford University Press, 2006. ISBN 0-19-929776-2
  • Werner Neumann: Handbuch der Kantaten J.S.Bachs, 1947, 5th Ed. 1984, ISBN 3-7651-0054-4
  • Hans-Joachim Schulze: Die Bach-Kantaten: Einführungen zu sämtlichen Kantaten Johann Sebastian Bachs. Leipzig: Evangelische Verlags-Anstalt; Stuttgart: Carus-Verlag 2006 (Edition Bach-Archiv Leipzig) ISBN 3-374-02390-8 (Evang. Verl.-Anst.), ISBN 3-89948-073-2 (Carus-Verlag)
  • Christoph Wolff/Ton Koopman: Die Welt der Bach-Kantaten Verlag J.B. Metzler, Stuttgart, Weimar 2006 ISBN 978-3-476-02127-4

External links

  • Discussion of the work on bach-cantatas.com
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