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Anglo-Japanese Treaty of Amity and Commerce

Treaties of Amity and Commerce between Japan and Holland, England, France, Russia and the United States, 1858.

The Anglo-Japanese Treaty of Amity and Commerce (日英修好通商条約 Nichi-Ei Shūkō Tsūshō Jōyaku) was signed on August 26, 1858 by Lord Elgin and the then representatives of the Japanese government (Tokugawa shogunate). This was an unequal treaty, that gave Japan semi-colonial status.

The concessions which Japan made were threefold:

  • A representative of the British government would be permitted to reside at Yedo.
  • Hakodate, Kanagawa and Nagasaki were to be opened to British commerce on July 1, 1859 and British subjects could travel within a range of 25 miles of each port. Hyogo would open on January 1, 1863.
  • British subjects would be allowed to reside in Yedo from January 1, 1862, and Osaka from January 1, 1863.

See also



  • Auslin, Michael R. (2004). Negotiating with Imperialism: The Unequal Treaties and the Culture of Japanese Diplomacy. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. 10-ISBN 0-674-01521-5; 13-ISBN 978-0-674-01521-0; OCLC 56493769
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