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Antarctic Kunlun Station

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Antarctic Kunlun Station

Kunlun Station (simplified Chinese: 昆仑站; traditional Chinese: 崑崙站; pinyin: Kūnlún Zhàn) is one of three Chinese research stations in Antarctica.

It is located 4087 m above sea level 7.3 km southwest to Dome A and was officially opened on January 27, 2009. Fully constructed the station is planned to cover an area of 558 m². The main building, covering 236 m², is planned erected in April 2009.[1]

In April 2012 the first of three Antarctica Schmidt telescopes (AST3) was installed at Kunlun Station. The other two will be installed in 2013 and 2014. Planned bigger optical telescope, Kunlun Dark Universe Survey Telescope (KDUST), should be installed by 2016.

Telescopes at Antarctic Kunlun Station

Name Aperture m Build Remarks
Chinese Small Telescope Array (CSTAR) [2] 0.145m 2008 CSTAR is an array of four Schmidt telescope with aperture of 14.5cm,equipped with 1Kx1K CCD each.
Antarctica Schmidt telescopes (AST3) 0.5m 2012-2014 First of three AST3 telescopes was installed at the Antarctic Kunlun Station in April 2012. [3]
Kunlun Dark Universe Survey Telescope (KDUST) 2.5m Planned 2016 KDUST is a 2.5 metre infrared optical telescope designed to detect and observe Earth-like planets in the Milky Way using infrared light. [4]
Terahertz Explorer-5 (DATE5) 5m Planned 2016 DATE5 is a 5 metre telescope designed to detect light with longer wavelengths, which will allow astronomers to detect and observe nascent stars. [5]
Infrared optical telescope 6-8m Proposed (2020)
New terahertz telescope 15m Proposed (2020)

References

External links

  • Official website Polar Research Institute of China
  • Official website Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration
  • International Polar Foundation report
  • PLATO - Dome A Robotic Observatory
  • Photos of inauguration
  • PLATO - Dome A webcam

Coordinates: 80°25′01″S 77°06′58″E / 80.41694°S 77.11611°E / -80.41694; 77.11611

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