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Archway tube station

Archway
Main entrance on Junction Road
Archway is located in Greater London
Archway
Location of Archway in Greater London
Location Archway
Local authority London Borough of Islington
Managed by London Underground
Number of platforms 2
Fare zone 2 and 3
OSI Upper Holloway [1]
London Underground annual entry and exit
2011 8.08 million[2]
2012 8.06 million[2]
2013 8.17 million[2]
2014 8.94 million[2]
Railway companies
Original company Charing Cross, Euston and Hampstead Railway
Key dates
22 June 1907 Opened as Highgate; terminus of line
11 June 1939 Renamed Archway (Highgate)
3 July 1939 Line extended to East Finchley
19 January 1941 Renamed Highgate (Archway)
December 1947 Renamed Archway
Other information
Lists of stations
London Transport portal

Archway is a London Underground station in Archway, of the London Borough of Islington, north London. It is located underneath the Archway Tower, at the intersection of Holloway Road, Highgate Hill, Junction Road and Archway Road. It is on the High Barnet branch of the Northern line, between Highgate and Tufnell Park stations, in Zones 2 and 3.[3]

Contents

  • Location 1
  • History 2
  • Design 3
  • Crossover and Siding 4
  • Services 5
  • Connections 6
  • Notes and references 7
    • Notes 7.1
    • References 7.2
  • External links 8

Location

Side entrance on Highgate Hill.

When constructed, the area was simply the northern end of Holloway Road and had no specific name but, in the hope of attracting patronage, the terminus was originally named Highgate after the village up the hill. At the time of the station's construction the first cable car in Europe operated non-stop up Highgate Hill to the village from outside the Archway Tavern,[4] and this name was also considered for the station. The main station entrance now lies beneath Archway Tower on Junction Road while the side entrance is on Highgate Hill.

History

The station lies at the base of Archway Tower, viewed from Junction Road.

The Leslie Green designed station opened on 22 June 1907, under the name Highgate[5] faced in Green's standard ox-blood glazed brick.[6] It was opened as one of the northern terminals of what was then the Charing Cross, Euston & Hampstead Railway (CCE&HR)[5] and, as with other tube stations, soon gave its name to the local area.

On 3 July 1939, the line was extended to the Great Northern Railway's station at Highgate and East Finchley station as part of the New Works Programme.[5][7] The station was renamed Highgate (Archway) (after the nearby road bridge over the deep cutting containing Archway Road), then Archway (Highgate), before becoming just Archway with the Highgate name being reassigned to the new station constructed beneath the London and North Eastern Railway (LNER) high-level station of the same name.

Design

In 1930 the station was upgraded with escalators[8] to replace the original lifts and the secondary entrance was replaced with a modern design by Charles Holden,[6] virtually identical to the one he built at the same time at Hammersmith. Holden's station was replaced in the 1970s.[6]

The platform walls once featured the distinctive and elegantly simple tiling schemes used by Holden on the underground stations constructed at this time. Cream tiles were used throughout with the station name band formed of letter shaped tiles inset into a background of cream tiles incised to accept the lettering. Similar tiling schemes can be seen at the neighbouring Highgate station, as well as at Bethnal Green and the stations on the tunnelled section of the Hainault branch of the Central line (for example Gants Hill). All were built in the late 1930s/early 1940s. The tiles at Archway were replaced several years ago during retiling works.

The station currently (as of 2015) has escalators (Otis type HD-B) to get down to the platforms.[8] Alternatively, passengers can use the 113 steps to get down to the platforms.[9]

Crossover and Siding

Northbound platform looking north. The small width of the platform together with the southbound one reflect the station's former role as a terminus.

When the original section of the Northern Line from Charing Cross to Golders Green and Archway (then Highgate) was opened in 1907, the terminus at Archway was provided with a scissors crossover just south of the station and the running lines beyond the north end of the platforms continued as separate dead-end sidings.[10] When the line was extended to Highgate and East Finchley in 1939, the 'northbound' siding was extended as the northbound road while the 'southbound' siding was retained as a dead-end siding, extended at the north end with the new southbound line from Highgate joining it just before the southbound platform and a new connection from the northbound line to the siding, thus turning the old 'southbound' siding into a central reversing siding.[10] The crossover south of the station was subsequently converted to a single trailing crossover but was decommissioned on 15 October 1967 when Archway was converted to programme-machine control from Coburg Street.(the signal box closed on 25 June 1961 when Archway became remote-controlled[note 1] )[10] The enlarged crossover tunnel remains although cable runs extend down its centre between the two tracks for most of its length.[10][note 2] The layout of the platforms and underground passenger areas still reflect the station's former role as a terminus.

Services

Northern line trains generally operate between Morden or Kennington to Edgware, High Barnet or Mill Hill East via the Charing Cross or the Bank branch.[3] Occasionally and during disruptions or engineering works, trains can terminate at Archway. Train frequencies vary throughout the day, but generally operate every 3–7 minutes between 05:58 and 00:19 in both directions.[11][12]

Connections

Notes and references

Notes

  1. ^ It was situated at the south end of the southbound platform and is now a relay room.[10]
  2. ^ Also of note is a surviving limit of shunt board for 7-car trains (a square white enamel plate with a black 7) on the right-hand tunnel wall of the southbound road south of the crossover that trains pulled up to in order to reverse northwards.[10]

References

  1. ^ "Out of Station Interchanges" (Microsoft Excel).  
  2. ^ a b c d "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLS). London Underground station passenger usage data.  
  3. ^ a b  
  4. ^ Taylor, Sheila (2001). The Moving Metropolis. London: Calmann and King. p. 82.  
  5. ^ a b c Feather, Clive. "Northern line". Clive's Underground Line Guides. Archived from the original on 11 February 2015. Retrieved 25 April 2015. 
  6. ^ a b c "Underground Journeys: Highgate".  
  7. ^ "100 Years of the Hampstead Tube" (PDF). 11 September 2007. p. 5. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 July 2013. Retrieved 1 April 2015. 
  8. ^ a b Feather, Clive. "Vertical Transport". Clive's Underground Line Guides. Archived from the original on 7 October 2014. Retrieved 25 April 2015. 
  9. ^ Tube Facts - Tube Stations with steps
  10. ^ a b c d e f Ragga, John. "Archway". London Underground Technical - Northern Line Disused Features. Archived from the original on 14 February 2014. Retrieved 25 April 2015. 
  11. ^ "Northern line timetable: From Archway Underground Station to Highgate Underground Station".  
  12. ^ "Northern line timetable: From Archway Underground Station to Tufnell Park Underground Station".  
  13. ^ "Buses from Archway" (PDF).  
  14. ^ "Night buses from Archway" (PDF).  
  15. ^ "Out of Station Interchanges" (Microsoft Excel).  /

External links

  • London Transport Museum Photographic Archive
    • Main station exterior, 1907
    • Secondary entrance in Highgate Hill in 1929
    • Secondary entrance in 1932 after reconstruction
    • Entrance at base of Archway Tower, 2006
  • Archway station on Multimap
  • Design drawing by Charles Holden and photograph, 1930s from Royal Institute of British Architects
Preceding station   London Underground   Following station
Northern line
towards Morden or Kennington
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