World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Aristotelous Square

Article Id: WHEBN0006311410
Reproduction Date:

Title: Aristotelous Square  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Thessaloniki, Tsimiski Street, Church of Panagia Chalkeon, Navarinou Square, Agias Sofias Square
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Aristotelous Square

Aristotelous Square
Πλατεία Αριστοτέλους
Former names Alexander the Great Square
General information
Type Open square
Architectural style Eclecticism
Town or city Thessaloniki
Country Greece
Coordinates
Elevation 1.5 m (5 ft)
Design and construction
Architect Ernest Hébrard

Aristotelous Square (Greek: Πλατεία Αριστοτέλους, IPA: , Aristotle Square) is the main city square of Thessaloniki, Greece and is located on Nikis avenue (on the city's waterfront), in the city center. It was designed by French architect Ernest Hébrard in 1918, but most of the square was built in the 1950s. Many buildings surrounding the central square have since been renovated and its northern parts were largely restored in the 2000s.[1]

The twelve buildings that make up Aristotelous Square have been listed buildings of the Hellenic Republic since 1950.[2]

History

The history of Aristotelous Square begins with the Great Fire of 1917 that destroyed two thirds of the city of Thessaloniki.[3]

Before the fire

Thessaloniki in the late 19th century.

Before the Great Fire of 1917, the city lacked much of what was considered to be 'essential' in European architecture.[3] Under Ottoman rule, the city grew without the guidance of a general plan for expansion and had narrow streets.[4] The absence of squares in pre-1917 Thessaloniki was addressed by Ernest Hébrard, who proposed a number of large squares in the city, including Megalou Alexandrou Square ("Alexander the Great Square"), now Aristotelous Square.[3][4]

Designs by Ernest Hébrard

Sea-level view of Alexander the Great Square, as designed by Hébrard in 1918.

Ernest Hébrard envisioned a monumental axis for Thessaloniki that stretched from what is now Aristotelous Square on the seafront to Venizelou Square and the Roman Forum.[3][5] The axis began at Aristotelous Square, which was intended to be named after Alexander the Great. Throughout his plan for Thessaloniki, Hébrard implemented an element that was missing from the pre-1917 architecture of the city: imposing façades.[3] For the monumental axis, the architect used elements from Byzantine and Western architecture[5] rather than Ottoman architecture, to stress the city's connection with the Byzantine Empire.[3][4] This style is most evident at Aristotelous Square, with a few building facades implementing some of Hébrard's original ideas. Additionally, a statue of Alexander the Great was to be placed in the middle of the square.[3]

Hébrard's additional proposal for a Place Civique.

Hébrard designed the monumental axis so that looking uphill from the square one could see the city's Byzantine walls and the Upper Town.[3][4][6] Also visible from the square would be what Hébrard called the Place Civique or Civic Square, which would be the city's administrative heart along European lines:[3][4] it would feature the City Hall on the left, the court houses on the right and a grand triumphant arch leading uphill from the Civic Square. This part of the design was never realized due to a lack of funds,[3] although following archeological excavations unearthed the ancient Roman agora at the same spot were the Civic Square was planned.

Since the first concept designs by Hébrard in 1918, his designs for Aristotelous Square were simplified considerably.[3][4] Instead of the original elaborate designs, the façades that were built in the 1950s were much more modest,[5] due to the financial situation of the country at the time and the decision of the Venizelos government in 1918 to fund the project from private sources and not the government.[3]

Present day

Panoramic view

Today, Aristotelous Square is one of the most famous places in all of below). Additionally the square is used for many cultural events, such as festivals and the annual Christmas and carnival celebrations.[7][8] It is an important tourist attraction for the city, and the numerous cafes and bars that line up the square make it popular with the younger generations.

The two quarter-circle sides of the square are occupied by important buildings. On the left is Electra Palace Hotel, which is one of the best five-star hotels in Thessaloniki and on the right is one of the city's most famous movie theaters, the Olympion Theatre cinema, site of the annual Thessaloniki International Film Festival. It also houses a very popular bar of the same name.[9]

Future redevelopment

There is no redevelopment currently under consideration, but numerous proposals have been submitted over the past twenty years.[10] When Thessaloniki became the [10] In almost all proposals, there were provisions for a marina or a similar extension of the square onto waterfront, as well as a wheel similar to the London Eye in London.[10] Up to date, no official redevelopment scheme has been made official. The current mayor of Thessaloniki, Yannis Boutaris, mentioned in his electoral campaign that Thessaloniki would undergo a major redevelopment to bring it into the 21st century,[11] but so far no designs or any new announcements have been made public.

Panoramic view of Aristotelous Square.

Gallery

Uses

Christmas and New Year

Due to its location in the heart of the city, the square is used for almost all major celebrations, including that of the lighting of the official New Year's Eve and New Year's Day.[14]

Following Greek traditions, apart from a Christmas tree, the municipality of Thessaloniki also decorates a giant Christmas ship, which is a Greek variant of the custom of decorating a Christmas tree. Both the Christmas tree and the Christmas boat are over 20 meters tall and are considered a tourist attraction for visitors to the city at the time they are up.[15]

Political activity

A political rally organized by the Panhellenic Socialist Movement in Aristotelous Square.
A map of Aristotelous Square and the surrounding areas from OpenStreetMap.

Since its creation, the square has been used for a number of important party rallies.[16][17] Many former George Papandreou.

Apart from partisan action, there have also been numerous demonstrations in the square that were not backed by any particular party. Under the nationalist rush against the Macedonia".[18] During the NATO bombing of Yugoslavia, a large demonstration also took place in the square that reaffirmed the Greek people's disapproval of the NATO bombing and to show their support for the Serbian people.[19] Many other demonstrations have been held in the square in recent years on a variety of subjects ranging from religious affairs, education reforms and the economic crisis.[20][21]

Transportation

When the first buildings in the square were constructed in the late 1950s, the square was served by Thessaloniki's extensive horse shoe shape and the square's location within the city center make it easily reachable by OASTH, with many lines passing either through Aristotelous or by Venizelou Square. Additionally, there are taxi stands on Mitropoleos Street (a street which "cuts" the square in half), in front of the Olympion Theatre.[22]

The under-construction Thessaloniki Metro will have one station near Aristotelous Square, at Venizelou Street, a short walk away from Aristotelous on Egnatia Avenue.[23] Other means of transportation that have been proposed are ferry services to the other pivotal points of coastal Thessaloniki.[10]

In popular culture

A redesign concept from the late 1980s.

Because of its resemblance to a bottle when viewed from above, an aerial photograph of the square was recently used in an advertisement for Absolut Vodka.

References

  1. ^ a b
  2. ^
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l
  4. ^ a b c d e f
  5. ^ a b c
  6. ^
  7. ^ a b c
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^ a b c d
  11. ^
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^
  17. ^
  18. ^
  19. ^
  20. ^
  21. ^
  22. ^
  23. ^

External links

  • Webcam
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.