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Arnold Lewis Raphel

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Title: Arnold Lewis Raphel  
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Subject: Death and state funeral of Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, J. Christopher Stevens, Translators from Urdu, Conservatism in Pakistan, Pakistan studies
Collection: 1943 Births, 1988 Deaths, 20Th-Century Translators, Ambassadors of the United States to Pakistan, American Expatriates in Pakistan, American Jews, Conservatism in Pakistan, Deaths in Punjab, Pakistan, English–urdu Translators, Hamilton College (New York) Alumni, Jewish American Politicians, Jews and Judaism in Pakistan, Pakistan Studies, Politics of Pakistan, Syracuse University Alumni, Translators from Urdu, Urdu Scholars, Victims of Aviation Accidents or Incidents in Pakistan
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Arnold Lewis Raphel

Arnold Lewis Raphel
18th U.S. Ambassador to Pakistan
In office
January 1987 – 17 August 1988
President Ronald Reagan
Preceded by Deane R. Hinton
Succeeded by Robert B. Oakley
Personal details
Born Arnold Lewis Raphel
(1943-03-16)March 16, 1943
Troy, New York, US
Died August 17, 1988(1988-08-17) (aged 45)
Bahawalpur, Pakistan
Nationality American
Spouse(s) Myrna Feigenbaum (first wife)
Robin Raphel (second wife)
Nancy Halliday Ely-Raphel (1987-1988; third wife)
Children 1 (with Myrna Feigenbaum)
Alma mater Hamilton College (New York)
Occupation Diplomat

Arnold Lewis Raphel (March 16, 1943 – August 17, 1988) was the 18th United States Ambassador to Pakistan. He died along with Pakistani President Muhammad Zia ul-Haq, U.S. Brigadier General Herbert M. Wassom and others, when the Lockheed C-130 Hercules they were on-board crashed shortly after takeoff from Bahawalpur Airport in Pakistan.

Contents

  • Early life and education 1
  • Personal life 2
  • Career 3
    • Iran hostage crisis 3.1
    • Office of United States Secretary of State 3.2
    • Ambassador to Pakistan 3.3
    • Awards 3.4
  • Death 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Early life and education

Raphel was born in [1] Raphel graduated from Hamilton College (B.A., 1964) and the Maxwell School at Syracuse University (M.A., 1966).[2]

He spoke Urdu, French, Persian and English.

Personal life

Raphel was married three times. He had one daughter, Stephanie, with his first wife, Myrna Feigenbaum.[1] His second marriage was to fellow diplomat [1]

Career

Raphel joined the US State Department in 1966.

Raphel held a variety of positions throughout his career until his death in 1988. He was mainly a diplomat for the US Government.[3]

Iran hostage crisis

In 1979, Raphel was a key member of the State Department's Special Operations Group set up to free the American hostages seized by Iranian militants at the United States Embassy in Teheran.[2][3]

Office of United States Secretary of State

In 1981, Raphel served as the Special Assistant to Secretary of State Edmund Muskie.[4] Afterward, he became the Deputy Assistant to the United States Secretary of State in 1985.[5][6]

Ambassador to Pakistan

Raphel was nominated by President Ronald Reagan and succeeded Dean Roesch Hinton as US Ambassador to Pakistan in January 1987.[2]

Awards

Death

Raphel died in a plane crash in Pakistan on August 17, 1988 in which Pakistani President Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq and 29 others also died.[7] He was 45 years old at the time of his death.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c http://www.jta.org/1988/08/24/archive/diplomat-killed-in-air-crash-is-mourned-as-friend-of-israel
  2. ^ a b c Binder, David (August 18, 1988). "Arnold L. Raphel: An Envoy of Deep Commitment".  
  3. ^ a b http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=AT&p_theme=at&p_action=search&p_maxdocs=200&p_topdoc=1&p_text_direct-0=0EB7C36F1C888E44&p_field_direct-0=document_id&p_perpage=10&p_sort=YMD_date:D&s_trackval=GooglePM
  4. ^ http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=7aROAAAAIBAJ&sjid=KvsDAAAAIBAJ&pg=7052,2705241&dq=united+states+deputy+secretary+of+state+arnold+raphel&hl=en
  5. ^ http://www.criticalpast.com/video/65675022339_Senator-Jim-Sasser-and-Arnold-L-Raphel_Afghanistan-situation_correspondent-from-Geneva
  6. ^ http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/asia/july-dec85/afghan_12-27.html
  7. ^ http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19880817-0

External links

  • Former US Ambassadors to Pakistan
  • President Reagan's Statement on the deaths of President Zia-ul-Haq and Arnold Raphel
  • Nomination of Arnold Lewis Raphel To Be United States Ambassador to Pakistan
  • Arnold L. Raphel, United States Ambassador Arlington National Cemetery
  • Congressional gold medal to the family of Arnold Raphel
  • : A resolution to express the deep regret of the Senate regarding the death of Ambassador Arnold Lewis Raphel
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