World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Arthur Rowley

 

Arthur Rowley

Arthur Rowley
Personal information
Full name George Arthur Rowley Jr.
Date of birth (1926-04-21)21 April 1926
Place of birth Wolverhampton, England
Date of death 19 December 2002(2002-12-19) (aged 76)
Place of death Shrewsbury, England
Playing position Inside left
Senior career*
Years Team Apps (Gls)
1946–1948 West Bromwich Albion 24 (4)
1948–1950 Fulham 56 (26)
1950–1958 Leicester City 303 (251)
1958–1965 Shrewsbury Town 236 (152)
Total 619 (434)
Teams managed
1958–1968 Shrewsbury Town
1968–1969 Sheffield United
1970–1976 Southend United
c.1976 Knighton Town

* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.

† Appearances (goals)

George Arthur Rowley Jr., (21 April 1926 – 19 December 2002), nicknamed "The Gunner" because of his explosive left-foot shot,[1] was an English football player and cricketer. He holds the record for the most goals in the history of English league football, scoring 434 from 619 league games. He was the younger brother of Manchester United footballer Jack Rowley. He was shortlisted for inclusion into the English Football Hall of Fame in 2008.[2][3]

He holds the club record for the most goals in a single season at both Leicester City and Shrewsbury Town, scoring 44 goals in 42 league matches at Leicester in 1956–57[4] and 38 goals in 43 games for Shrewsbury in 1958–59. He is also Shrewsbury's record league goalscorer with 152 league goals.[5] He is Leicester's second all-time top goalscorer, netting 265 times for the Foxes, 8 goals short of Arthur Chandler's record.[6]

Contents

  • Early Life 1
  • Playing career 2
    • West Bromwich Albion 2.1
    • Fulham 2.2
    • Leicester City 2.3
    • Shrewsbury Town 2.4
  • Management career 3
    • Sheffield United 3.1
  • Cricketing career 4
  • Later Life 5
  • Honours 6
    • Club 6.1
    • Individual 6.2
  • Career statistics 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

Early Life

Rowley was born in Wolverhampton where he was educated at St Peter's Collegiate School.[7]

Playing career

West Bromwich Albion

Rowley began his career as an amateur at Wolverhampton Wanderers before turning professional with West Bromwich Albion in 1944. However, he struggled at The Hawthorns both to score goals and gain a regular place in the first team.

Fulham

Albion sold Rowley early in the 1948–49 season to Fulham, where he immediately found his goal-scoring touch, scoring 19 goals in 22 appearance as he helped the side to the Second Division title.

Rowley failed to recapture his form in the First Division as he scored only 7 goals.

Leicester City

At the end of his first season in the top flight he was sold to Leicester City. There was much criticism from Leicester fans originally towards manager Norman Bullock on signing the relatively unproven Rowley as a replacement for the well-liked Jack Lee. However, after a slow start as a centre forward, Bullock moved Rowley into the "number 10" inside left role which is where he would make his name at the Foxes, on 23 September, in which Rowley scored Leicester's consolation goal in a 2–1 defeat to Coventry City."[8] By the end of his debut season, his 28 goals had appeased the crowd, though the club still finished in a disappointing 14th position.[9]

It was in his second season that Rowley began to make a name for himself as he broke Arthur Chandler's club record for the most goals in a season, netting 38 times. He then broke his own record again the following season, scoring 41 times in 42 games, 39 of these goals coming in the league, earning him the Second Division golden boot award.[10] He scored a further 36 goals in the 1953–54 season helping fire Leicester to the Second Division title.

However, Leicester lasted just one season in the First Division as they were relegated back to the second tier at the first attempt. A couple of seasons later, in 1956–57, Rowley broke the club record for the most goals in a season for the third time, scoring 44 times in 42 games (this record still stands today), again earning him the Second Division top goalscorer award and again leading Leicester to the Second Division title. Rowley scored a further 20 times in 25 games in 1957–58 to help Leicester this time avoid relegation back to the second tier.

However Dave Halliday decided to sell Rowley in the summer of 1958. As he was just 8 goals short of Arthur Chandler's club record for the all-time top goalscorer, Bullock's decision to sell Rowley led to a loss of faith by the fans and ultimately his sacking 2 months into the 1958–59 season.[8]

In his 8 seasons at Filbert Street overall, he scored 265 goals in 321 games, including 16 hat-tricks.[8]

Shrewsbury Town

In the summer of 1958 Rowley left Leicester, who were playing in the First Division, to become the player-manager of Shrewsbury Town of the newly created Fourth Division. In his first season at the Gay Meadow Rowley led Shrewsbury to promotion with a haul of 38 goals in 43 games, winning the Fourth Division golden boot.[11] He followed that up in the Third Division as he continued scoring prolifically, netting 32, 28, 23 and 24 times over the next four seasons, before falling away in his last couple of seasons with the club as he began to put on weight and became less mobile, but his influence on the pitch was still to be seen, even employing himself as a makeshift defender on occasion, before finally retiring in 1965.[12][13]

Management career

Sheffield United

After retiring as a player Rowley managed Shrewsbury for another four years before becoming manager of Sheffield United on 11 July 1968. United had just been relegated to Division Two but despite good signings who would later gain the team promotion, results were disappointing and he was sacked on 6 August 1969.

He managed Southend United from 1970 to 1976 and was also assistant manager of Telford United and manager of non-league Knighton Town and Oswestry Town before leaving football.[14]

Cricketing career

He represented Shropshire in three Minor Counties Championship matches between 1961 and 1962 as a right-handed batsman and a leg-break bowler.

Later Life

Rowley made his home in the suburb of Copthorne, Shrewsbury. He continued to visit the Gay Meadow as a spectator. In 2000 he was voted by Shrewsbury Town their 'player of the century'. He died in December 2002 aged 76 and was buried on Saturday 26 December (Boxing Day) in Shrewsbury General Cemetery in Longden Road.[15] His headstone, in Plot 18, describes him as a "record breaking football hero".[7]

Honours

Club

Fulham
Leicester City

Individual

Leicester City
Shrewsbury Town

Career statistics

Club Season League Cup Total
Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals
West Bromwich Albion 1946–47 2 0 0 0 2 0
1947–48 21 4 0 0 21 4
1948–49 1 0 0 0 1 0
Total 24 4 0 0 24 4
Fulham 1948–49 22 19 ? 0 ? 19
1949–50 34 8 ? 0 ? 8
Total 56 27 3 0 59 27
Leicester City 1950–51 39 28 1 0 40 28
1951–52 42 38 2 0 44 38
1952–53 41 39 1 2 42 41
1953–54 42 30 8 6 50 36
1954–55 36 23 1 0 37 23
1955–56 36 29 3 6 39 35
1956–57 42 44 1 0 43 44
1957–58 25 20 1 0 26 20
Total 303 251 18 14 321 265
Shrewsbury Town 1958–59 43 38 ? ? ? ?
1959–60 41 32 ? ? ? ?
1960–61 40 28 ? ? ? ?
1961–62 41 23 ? ? ? ?
1962–63 40 24 ? ? ? ?
1963–64 19 5 ? ? ? ?
1964–65 12 2 ? ? ? ?
Total 236 152 19 11 255 163
Career total 619 434 40 25 659 459

References

  1. ^ The record reign of Leicester City's Arthur Rowley thisisleicestershire.co.uk, retrieved 20 February 2011
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^ record reign of Leicester City's Arthur Rowley thisisleicestershire.co.uk, retrieved 20 February 2011
  5. ^ Tribute to Town Legend Rowley bbc.co.uk, retrieved 20 February 2011]
  6. ^ Leading Goalscorers lcfc.com, retrieved 20 February 2011
  7. ^ a b
  8. ^ a b c
  9. ^ English Division Two (old) 1950–1951 : Table statto.com, retrieved 20 February 2011
  10. ^ Football League Div 1 & 2 Leading Goalscorers 1947–92 rsssf.com, retrieved 20 February 2011
  11. ^ Football League Div 3 & 4 Leading Goalscorers 1947–92 rsssf.com, retrieved 20 February 2011
  12. ^ Obituary – Arthur Rowley – Prolific goalscorer blessed with an explosive left foot The Guardian (London), retrieved 20 February 2011
  13. ^ Arthur Rowley – Obituary The Independent (London), retrieved 20 February 2011
  14. ^
  15. ^

External links

  • CricketArchive
  • The GuardianObituary in
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.