World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Audiogalaxy

Article Id: WHEBN0018933101
Reproduction Date:

Title: Audiogalaxy  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Timeline of file sharing, Peer-to-peer file sharing, Peer-to-peer web hosting, Advanced Direct Connect, Missionary Church of Kopimism
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Audiogalaxy

Audiogalaxy
Web address www.audiogalaxy.com
Commercial? Yes
Type of site Music
Current status Closed

Audiogalaxy was an Internet music service with three incarnations. From mid-2010 through 2012, it was a personal audio placeshifting service. From mid-2002 to mid-2010, it was a promotional website for the Rhapsody music subscription service. From 1998 to 2002, it was a file sharing system that indexed MP3 files.

Audiogalaxy ceased operations on January 31, 2013.

History

The original Audiogalaxy system was created in 1998 by Michael Merhej as an peer-to-peer system with client software (the Audiogalaxy "Satellite"), a web-based search engine, always-on searching for requested files, auto-resume and low system impact. It quickly gained ground among file sharers abandoning Napster in 2001. Some observing the previous downfall of Napster via lawsuit were shocked at the design of Audiogalaxy, which was in some ways more centralized than Napster.

Audiogalaxy's stated mission was to facilitate sharing of music, though it was also notable for its strong community due to such features as chat-enabled groups and per-artist internet forums. This strong community also facilitated a very broad reach of content across many genres, particular those that tend to remain under-developed in more modern systems.

In June 2008, CNET hailed this incarnation of Audiogalaxy as one of the greatest defunct websites in history.[1]

Conflict with RIAA over sharing of copyrighted material

In May 2001, Audiogalaxy implemented "groups" which allowed group members to send songs to everyone in the group. Hackers used this backdoor to circumvent the "blocked songs" restriction, where Audiogalaxy could deny transfer of specific copyrighted songs. In addition, even when a specific file was blocked, it would often be replaced by an identical file with the group or song incorrectly spelled. For example, if "Wish You Were Here" by Pink Floyd were blocked, another track with the same title, but credited to "Pink Lloyd", would suddenly appear. The latter file would be completely identical to the former; however, since Audiogalaxy would never have received any notification for "Pink Lloyd," the downloading of that track would not be affected.

On May 9, 2002, Audiogalaxy required songs to be in the sender's shared folder to be sent. Previously, one could send any song to anyone by editing the CGI parameters. This protection was quickly defeated by creating a "dummy" file in one's shared folder, and sending a song with the same name. This was due to Audiogalaxy's checksum hashing, the correct file was always sent despite the dummy. Some of the users could bypass this setting too, but instead of CGI editing there was a less sophisticated solution. A simple .bat file in sharing folder (with a line "move *.mp3 x:\something\" for example) was scheduled at desired time moving all of the MP3 files into desired folder.

Even though Audiogalaxy claimed that they were trying to cooperate with the music industry and block copyrighted songs from their network, many of the network's users continued to share unauthorized copyrighted music files, causing Audiogalaxy to face a lawsuit by the RIAA on May 24, 2002. On this day, Audiogalaxy blocked sending of all blocked songs. A month later on June 17, 2002, Audiogalaxy reached an out-of-court settlement with the RIAA. The settlement reached would allow Audiogalaxy to operate a "filter-in" system, which required that for any music available, the songwriter, music publisher, and/or recording company must first consent to the use and sharing of the work.[2]

Partnerships and end of P2P operations

On September 8, 2002, Audiogalaxy licensed and re-branded a for-pay streaming service called Rhapsody from Listen.com.[3] Audiogalaxy then ended its peer-to-peer operations.

From 2008 through 2010, Audiogalaxy worked with failed Choruss venture headed by Warner Music Group and longtime record-industry/Internet technology expert Jim Griffin. Choruss was an experimental effort to monetize peer-to-peer file sharing among college students, and Audiogalaxy software was to provide a possible technological basis for the system.[4]

Until mid-2010, some of the message boards remained active, but the Audiogalaxy website only promoted the Rhapsody subscription service and its featured artists.[5] It also briefly promoted the original incarnation of Merhej's FolderShare project,[6] before that service was acquired by Microsoft.

Relaunch

In mid-2010, Audiogalaxy was quietly relaunched as a placeshifting service. Public announcements followed in October 2010, along with acknowledgments that Choruss was dead.[7][8]

This incarnation of Audiogalaxy service enabled MP3 and AAC files stored on an Internet-connected computer to be searched and streamed on-demand for playback on a separate, Internet-connected computer, phone, or other device. Special software had to be installed on the computer hosting the music files. The files could then be browsed and played through a Flash-enabled web browser, or via a smartphone or other device running special software.

Closure

Audiogalaxy stopped accepting registrations on December 12, 2012, due to the company's acquisition by Dropbox.[9] Audiogalaxy discontinued service on January 31, 2013, and its website is no longer active.

References

  1. ^ "The greatest defunct Web sites and dotcom disasters". CNET. 2008-06-05. Retrieved 2008-06-05. 
  2. ^ Mariano, Gwendolyn (2002-06-18). "Audiogalaxy to ask first, trade later".  
  3. ^ Marlowe, Chris (2002-09-10). "Audiogalaxy links to Rhapsody".  
  4. ^ Peoples, Glenn (2011-02-24). "What Ever Happened To Choruss? An Interview with Jim Griffin".  
  5. ^ "Audiogalaxy website home page". Archived from the original on 2002-11-05. 
  6. ^ "Audiogalaxy website home page". Archived from the original on 2004-09-24. 
  7. ^ Merhej, Michael (2010-10-14). "Audiogalaxy is back". Retrieved 2012-03-09. 
  8. ^ Roettgers, Janko (2010-10-15). "Audiogalaxy Returns; Choruss File Sharing Plans Falter".  
  9. ^ "Hello Dropbox". The Audiogalaxy Blog. 2012-12-12. Archived from the original on 2013-01-16. .

External links

  • Archived January 16, 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  • R.I.P Audiogalaxy - Kennon Ballou's story of Audiogalaxy (an Audiogalaxy programmer)
  • Tom Kleinpeter's History Of Audiogalaxy
  • Austin's onetime file-sharing supernova
  • OpenAG - an open-source, Audiogalaxy-compatible satellite/server system
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.