August Edouart

Auguste Amant Constant Fidèle Edouart (1789–1861) was a French-born portrait artist who worked in England, Scotland and the United States in the 19th century. He specialized in silhouette portraits.


"Born in Dunkerque, he left France in 1814, and established himself in London, where he began his career making portraits from hair. In 1825, he began work as a silhouette portraitist, taking full-length likenesses in profile by cutting out black paper with scissors. Edouart spent fifteen years touring England and in 1829 arrived in Edinburgh. He remained there for three years, during which time he produced some five thousand likenesses."[1] Edouart travelled in the United States c. 1839-1849, visiting New York, Boston, and other locales. He later returned to France where he worked on smaller silhouettes. They included one of the most notable writer of this period, Victor Hugo.[2][3][4]

Edouart created portraits of hundreds of subjects, including:

Works by Edouart reside in the collections of the National Portrait Gallery, London; National Galleries of Scotland; New York Historical Society;[14] Smithsonian National Portrait Gallery; the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston; and Historic New England.

Image gallery


Further reading

  • Edouart. A Treatise on Silhouette Likenesses by Monsieur Edouart, Silhouettist to the French Royal Family, and patronized by His Royal Highness, the late Duke of Gloucester and the principal Nobility of England, Scotland, and Ireland. 1835
  • The Man Who Saved His Life by Giving His Body for Dissection. Barre Gazette (Massachusetts); Date: 03-28-1845
  • Andrew W. Tuer. Art of Silhouetting. English illustrated magazine. 1890. Google books
  • Alice Van Leer Carrick. Shades of our ancestors: American profiles and profilists. Little, Brown, and Company, 1928. Google books
  • Andrew Oliver. Auguste Edouart's Silhouettes of Eminent Americans, 1839-1844. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 1977

External links

  • WorldCat. Edouart, Augustin-Amant-Constant-Fidèle 1789-1861
  • Smithsonian. Auguste Edouart Self-Portrait, 1843
  • Flickr. Portrait by Edouart of Sarah Josepha Buell Hale (1788–1879)
  • Library of Congress. Silhouette profile of artist Charles Fenderich, by Edouart
  • Flickr. Work by Edouart
  • Flickr. Silhouette in clasp of velvet choker

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