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Australian lime

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Title: Australian lime  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Citrus, Lime (fruit), Jabara (citrus), Kalpi (fruit), Citrus wintersii
Collection: Bushfood, Citrus, Flora of Papua New Guinea, Limes (Fruit), Sapindales of Australia
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Australian lime

The Australian Outback Lime, a cultivar of the Desert Lime (C. glauca)

Australian limes are species of the plant genus Citrus that are native to Australia and Papua New Guinea.

These species were formerly included in the genera Microcitrus and Eremocitrus.[1][2][3] They have been used as a food source by indigenous Australians as well as early settlers and are used in modern Australian cuisine, including marmalade and sauces.[4][5]

Species include:

Australian limes
former Eremocitrus Citrus glauca

former Microcitrus

Citrus warburgiana

Citrus inodora

Citrus maideniana

Citrus garrawayi

Citrus australasica

Citrus australis



  • Species from Australia 1
    • Natural species 1.1
    • Cultivars 1.2
  • Species from Papua New Guinea 2
  • Identification 3
  • References 4

Species from Australia

Natural species


Blood Lime (biggest, red), Sunrise Lime (orange, pear-shaped) and the Outback Lime, a small, green cultivar of the Desert Lime

A number of cultivars have been developed in recent years. These can be grafted on to standard citrus rootstocks. They may be grown as ornamental trees in the garden or in containers.[11] Grafted standards are available for some varieties.[1] The cultivars include:

  • 'Australian Outback' (or 'Australian Desert'), developed from several Desert Lime varieties
  • 'Australian Red Centre' (or 'Australian Blood' or Blood Lime), a cross of Finger Lime[12] and a mandarin-lemon or mandarin-sweet orange hybrid
  • 'Australian Sunrise', a hybrid cross of Finger Lime and a calomondin which is pear shaped and orange inside
  • 'Rainforest Pearl', a pink-fruited form of Finger Lime from Bangalow, New South Wales
  • 'Sunrise Lime ', parentage unknown[12]
  • 'Outback Lime', a Desert Lime cultivar[12]

Species from Papua New Guinea

Citrus species in Papua New Guinea have not been extensively studied, and there are likely to be more species than are listed here.


An identification key (p. 6 or 338) exists for the known Australian Australian Limes (not including species from Papua New Guinea). The leaves of some species broaden dramatically with age.[20]


  1. ^ a b Lindsay, Lenore. "Australian Limes". Australian Plants Onlline. Australian Native Plants Society (Australia). Archived from the original on 5 December 2010. Retrieved 2010-11-16. 
  2. ^ "Eremocitrus".  
  3. ^ "Microcitrus".  
  4. ^ "Taming Wild Limes". Ecos Magazine (CSIRO publishing) (107). 2001. 
  5. ^ "Australian native citrus-wild species, cultivars and hybrids" (PDF). Primary Industries and Resources SA. Retrieved 2010-11-16. 
  6. ^ Jorma Koskinen and Sylvain Jousse. "Citrus Pages / Native Australian varieties". 
  7. ^ Jorma Koskinen and Sylvain Jousse. "Citrus Pages / Native Australian varieties". 
  8. ^ a b c [3]
  9. ^
  10. ^ Jorma Koskinen and Sylvain Jousse. "Citrus Pages / Native Australian varieties". 
  11. ^ "From the outback to ‘out the back’". CSIRO. 12 August 2005. Retrieved 2010-11-16. 
  12. ^ a b c
  13. ^ Jorma Koskinen and Sylvain Jousse. "Citrus Pages / Native Australian varieties". 
  14. ^ a b [4]
  15. ^ a b Mike Saalfeld. "Citrus wakonai". 
  16. ^ Mike Saalfeld. "The_Quest_for_Wakonai page19". 
  17. ^ Jorma Koskinen and Sylvain Jousse. "Citrus Pages / Native Australian varieties". 
  18. ^ "Microcitrus papuana". 
  19. ^ Andrés García Lor (2013). Organización de la diversidad genética de los cítricos (PDF) (Thesis). p. 79. 
  20. ^ "microcitrus – mature and juvenile leaf forms". 
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