World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Autonomous regions of China

Article Id: WHEBN0000976805
Reproduction Date:

Title: Autonomous regions of China  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Evenks, Administrative divisions of China, China, Provinces of China, Subdivisions of China
Collection: Autonomous Regions of China, Province-Level Divisions of China
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Autonomous regions of China

Autonomous region (Zizhiqu)
Simplified Chinese 自治区
Traditional Chinese 自治區

An autonomous region (Chinese: 自治区; pinyin: Zìzhìqū) (AR) is a first-level administrative subdivision of China. Like Chinese provinces, an autonomous region has its own local government, but an autonomous region has more legislative rights. An autonomous region is a minority entity which has a higher population of a particular minority ethnic group.

The Inner Mongolia autonomous region was established in 1947; Xinjiang was made autonomous in 1955; Guangxi and Ningxia in 1958, and Tibet in 1965. The designation of Guangxi and Ningxia as Zhuang and Hui autonomous areas, respectively, was bitterly protested by the local Han Chinese, who made up two-thirds of the population of each region. Although Mongols made up even less of a percentage of Inner Mongolia, the ensuing Chinese Civil War gave little opportunity for protest.[1]

Contents

  • List of autonomous regions 1
  • Statistics 2
    • Population 2.1
    • Ethnic composition of Autonomous Regions (%, 2000) 2.2
  • See also 3
  • References 4

List of autonomous regions

Designated
minority
Name in English Hanzi (Simpl.) & Pinyin Local name
(Language)
Abbreviation Capital
Uyghur Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region 新疆维吾尔自治区
Xīnjiāng Wéiwú'ěr Zìzhìqū
شىنجاڭ ئۇيغۇر ئاپتونوم رايونى
Shinjang Uyghur Aptonom Rayoni (Uyghur)

Xīn
(XUAR)
Ürümqi
(乌鲁木齐; ئۈرۈمچی‎)
Mongol Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
(Nei Mongol Autonomous Region)
内蒙古自治区
Nèi Měnggǔ Zìzhìqū

Öbür Mongghul-un Öbertegen Jasaqu Orun (Mongolian)

Měng
(IMAR)
Hohhot
(呼和浩特; )
Tibetan Tibet Autonomous Region
(Xizang Autonomous Region)
西藏自治区
Xīzàng Zìzhìqū
བོད་རང་སྐྱོང་ལྗོངས
Poi Ranggyong Jong (Tibetan)

Zàng
(TAR)
Lhasa
(拉萨; ལྷ་ས་)
Hui Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region 宁夏回族自治区
Níngxià Huízú Zìzhìqū
نٍ شيَا خُوِ ذُوْ ذِ جِ ثُوْ
Nengsẖyạ Kẖuidẖwu Dẖjtẖü
(Xiao'erjing Chinese)

Níng
(NHAR)
Yinchuan
(银川; ىٍ ﭼُﻮًا‎)
Zhuang Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region 广西壮族自治区
Guǎngxī Zhuàngzú Zìzhìqū
Gvangjish Bouxcuengh Swcigih (Zhuang)
Guì
(GZAR)
Nanning
(南宁; Namzningz)

Statistics

Population

Administrative Division National Share (%) 2010 Census[2] 2000 Census[3] 1990 Census[4] 1982 Census[5] 1964 Census[6] 1954 Census[7]
Guangxi 3.5 46,026,629 43,854,538 42,245,765 36,420,960 20,845,017 19,560,822
Inner Mongolia 1.9 24,706,321 23,323,347 21,456,798 19,274,279 12,348,638 6,100,104
Ningxia 0.5 6,176,900 5,486,393 4,655,451 3,895,578 * *
Tibet 0.2 3,002,166 2,616,329 2,196,010 1,892,393 1,251,225 1,273,969
Xinjiang 1.6 21,813,334 18,459,511 15,155,778 13,081,681 7,270,067 4,873,608

Ethnic composition of Autonomous Regions (%, 2000)

Administrative Division Titular Ethnic Group Han Chinese Third Largest Ethnic
Xinjiang (Uyghur) 45.21% 40.58% 6.74% (Kazakh)
Tibet (Tibetan) 92.8% 6.1% 0.35% (Hui)
Inner Mongolia (Mongol) 17.13% 79.17% 2.14% (Manchu)
Ningxia (Hui) 33.9% 65.5 % 1.16 (Manchu)
Guangxi (Zhuang) 32.0% 62.0 % 3.0% (Yao)

Note: In the "Third Largest Ethnic" column is the ethnic group given in brackets, after the names of the autonomous regions and Han people.

See also

References

  1. ^ Dreyer, June Teufel (1997). "Assimilation and Accomodation in China". In Brown, Michael Edward; Ganguly, Šumit. Government Policies and Ethnic Relations in Asia and the Pacific. MIT Press. p. 365. 
  2. ^ "Communiqué of the National Bureau of Statistics of People's Republic of China on Major Figures of the 2010 Population Census".  
  3. ^ "现将2000年第五次全国人口普查快速汇总的人口地区分布数据公布如下".  
  4. ^ "中华人民共和国国家统计局关于一九九〇年人口普查主要数据的公报".  
  5. ^ "中华人民共和国国家统计局关于一九八二年人口普查主要数字的公报".  
  6. ^ "第二次全国人口普查结果的几项主要统计数字".  
  7. ^ "中华人民共和国国家统计局关于第一次全国人口调查登记结果的公报".  
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.