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Axel Fredrik Cronstedt

Axel Fredrik Cronstedt
Axel Fredrik Cronstedt
Born December 23, 1722
Died August 19, 1765
Nationality Swedish
Fields chemistry
Mineralogy
Known for nickel
tungsten

Baron Axel Fredrik Cronstedt (/kroonstet/ December 23, 1722 – August 19, 1765) was a cobalt. Cronstedt is one of the founders of modern mineralogy[3] and is described as the founder by John Griffin in his 1827 A Practical Treatise on the Use of the Blowpipe.

Cronstedt also discovered the mineral scheelite in 1751. He named the mineral tungsten, meaning heavy stone in Swedish. Carl Wilhelm Scheele later suggested that a new metal could be extracted from the mineral. In English, this metal is now known as the element tungsten.

In 1753, Cronstedt was elected a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.

In 1756, Cronstedt coined the term zeolite after heating the mineral stilbite with a blowpipe flame.

References

  1. ^ Cronstedt, Axel F. (1751). "Rön och försök, Gjorde Med en Malm-art från Los Kobolt Grufvor i Farila Socken och Helsingeland". Kongl. Svenska Veenskapas Academians Handlingar 12: 287-292. 
  2. ^ Cronstedt, Axel F. (1754). "Fortsättning af rön och försök, Gjorde Med en Malm-art från Los Kobolt Grufvor". Kongl. Svenska Veenskapas Academians Handlingar 15: 38-45. 
  3. ^ Nordisk familjebok – Cronstedt: "den moderna mineralogiens och geognosiens grundläggare" = "the modern mineralogy's and geognosie's founder"
  • Gusenius, E M (1969). "Beginnings of greatness in Swedish Chemistry. II. Axel Fredrick Cronstedt (1722-1765)".  
  • Cheetham, A.K.; Peter Day (1992). Solid State Chemistry. Clarendon Press.  

External links

  • A Practical Treatise on the Use of the Blowpipe by John Griffin, 1827, from Google Book Search
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