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Title: Azarakhsh  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: History of the Iranian Air Force, List of attack aircraft, Iran Aviation Industries Organization, List of military equipment manufactured in Iran, HESA Shahed 285
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HESA Azarakhsh displayed in Vahdati Air Base - 2009
Role Strike fighter
Manufacturer HESA
Introduction 1997
Status In service [1]
Primary user Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force
Number built First Generation: 6 [2]
3rd Generation: 1
4th and 5th generation: unknown
Developed from Northrop F-5E Tiger II
Developed into HESA Saeqeh

(HESA) Azarakhsh (Persian: آذرخشÂzaraxš, "lightning") is Iran's first domestically manufactured[3] combat jet fighter.

The Azarakhsh was developed in Isfahan by the Iranian army, Defense Ministry, and aircraft-manufacturing company HESA.[4]

Design and development

In April 1997 Iranian Brigadier General Arasteh, a deputy head of the General Staff of the Armed Forces declared that Iran had successfully designed, constructed, and tested its first fighter aircraft. By late 1997 Iran had begun mass producing the aircraft,[2] but by mid-2000, four aircraft were said to be undergoing operational tests, with production proceeding at a rate of around ten aircraft per year.

Iran has yet to release any additional information about the aircraft and its capabilities are unknown.

On May 17, 2000, Iran's acting commander of the Air Force said that Azarakhsh had reached mass-production stage.[5] On August 5, 2007, Azarakhsh conducted a successful test flight.[6] On August 6, 2007, Ministry of Defense Mostafa Mohammad-Najjar said, "[Azarakhsh] is now at the stage of industrial production and its mass production will start in the future." [7]


Mass production started by late 1997 and as of 2001 there were six in inventory, with a production schedule established for 30 aircraft over the following three years.[2]


Main article: HESA Saeqeh

The HESA Saeqeh is a follow on aircraft, derived from the Azarakhsh fighter. As with many previous indigenous Iranian developed weapons, no performance data has been released to verify official claims. An unknown number of this generation have built and said to have entered service with IRIAF September 22, 2007.[8][9]

See also

Related development
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

Related lists


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