World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Bărăgan Plain

Article Id: WHEBN0000537563
Reproduction Date:

Title: Bărăgan Plain  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: FC Unirea Urziceni, Glodeanu-Siliștea, Ion Antonescu, Muntenia, Gherăseni
Collection: Landforms of Romania, Muntenia, Plains of Romania
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Bărăgan Plain

The Bărăgan Plain within Romania

The Bărăgan Plain (Romanian: Câmpia Bărăganului) is a steppe plain in south-eastern Romania. It makes up much of the eastern part of the Wallachian Plain. The region is known for its black soil and a rich humus, and is mostly a cereal-growing area.

It is bounded on the south and east by the Danube, and in the North by the Buzău and Călmăţui rivers, both tributaries of the Danube. The western limit is a line joining the cities of Buzău, Urziceni, Budești and Oltenița. The plain practically covers Ialomița and Călărași counties, extending into the southern portion of Buzău and Brăila counties.

The city of Bucharest is not part of Bărăgan but is on the Vlăsiei Plain.

Contents

  • Major urban centers 1
  • History 2
  • Climate 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5

Major urban centers

The cities of Buzău, Urziceni and Oltenița border the Plains, but are not considered part of the Plains proper.

History

Cattle grazing

Due to lack of forest in the past, the Baragan was an important route for the migratory peoples who roamed the area that is south-eastern Romania today. The Baragan Steppe was traditionally used as pasture by the shepherds in the Carpathians (including Transylvania) during transhumance, but was converted to arable land in the second half of the 19th century.

It was used as a depot for mass deportations by the Communist authorities during the 1950s. About 40,000 political prisoners were relocated here from the west of the country.

Climate

Field
Field in Călărași County

The Bărăgan Plain has a harsh climate with hot and dry summers and includes the location where the highest-ever temperature in Romania was recorded (44.5 °C, at Ion Sion). Winters are cold, and subject to the effects of a blizzard wind, known as "crivăţ" (this feature also gives the plain its name, derived from the Cuman language for "place where the blizzard is raging").

Due to its climate, it is one of the most inhospitable areas in Romania.

In his novel, Ciulinii Bărăganului, the Romanian writer Panait Istrati describes the Bărăgan Plain as follows:

No trees grow here, and it's so far from one water well to the next that you can die of thirst half-way. The inhabitant of Bărăgan constantly hopes that one day someone will come and teach him how to live better in the Bărăgan, in this dreadful wilderness where water is hidden in the deepest bowels of the earth and where nothing grows except thistles. They cover the land in less than a week. It's the only thing the Bărăgan will tolerate, except for the sheep who lust after these thistles and devour them greedily. Come winter, the shepherd abandons this God forsaken land and returns home. Then the Bărăgan dons its white fur coat and lays to rest for six months. Nothing lives here any more. That's the Bărăgan.

See also

References

  • Panait Istrati, The Thistles of the Bărăgan, Vanguard Press, New York, 1930
  • [1], [2] Walther Konschitzky, Peter-Dietmar Leber and Walter Wolf, Deported to the Bărăgan 1951–1956, Haus des Deutschen Ostens, Munchen, 2001

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.