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Bagri language

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Title: Bagri language  
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Subject: Demographics of Pakistan, Bahawalpur (princely state), Languages of India, Languages of Pakistan, Hindi language (Hindi belt), Hisar (city), Jhunjhunu, North India, Rajasthani language, Hanumangarh
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Bagri language

Bagri
बागड़ी
Native to Rajasthan (India)
Native speakers
2.1 million  (2000)[1]
Census results conflate some speakers with Hindi.[2]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 bgq
Glottolog bagr1243[3]

Bagri (बागड़ी) is a dialect of Rajasthani language of the Indo-Aryan family. It is spoken by about five million speakers in Hanumangarh and Sriganganagar districts of Rajasthan, Sirsa and Hissar districts of Haryana, Fazilka of Punjab and some southern villages of Muktsar district of Punjab of India. Bagri as minor language is spoken in Bahawalpur and Bahawalnagar areas of Punjab of Pakistan.

Bagri is a typical Indo-Aryan language having SOV word order. The most prominent phonological feature of Bagri is the presence of three lexical tones: high, level, and low. The Bagri language has a very high 65% lexical similarity with Haryanvi.

Features

Phonology

Bagri distinguishes 31 consonants including a retroflex series, 10 vowels, 2 diphthongs, and 3 tones.

Declension

  • There are two numbers: singular and plural.
  • Two genders: masculine and feminine.
  • Three cases: simple, oblique, and vocative. Case marking is partly inflectional and partly postpositional.
  • Nouns are declined according to their final segments.
  • All pronouns are inflected for number and case but gender is distinguished only in the third person singular pronouns.
  • The third person pronouns are distinguished on the proximity/remoteness dimension in each gender.
  • Adjectives are of two types: either ending in /-o/ or not.
  • Cardinal numbers up to ten are inflected.
  • Both present and past participles function as adjectives.

Verbs

  • There are three tenses and four moods.

Syntax

  • Sentence types are of traditional nature.
  • Coordination and subordination are very important in complex sentences.
  • Parallel lexicon are existing and are very important from sociolinguistic point of view.

Samples

Bagri Transliteration Translation
तेरो नाम के है Tero nāma ke hai What is your name?
किन जाव है kinn jāv hai Where are you going?
इन्नै आ innai ā Come here
क्यूकर है ? kyūkara hai How are you?
टींगर टीटणं नां मार ṭīṅgara ṭīṭaṇaṃ nāṃ māra hey dude! don't waste time.
तन्नै कुचरणीं ही करनी है के ? tannai kučaraṇīṃ hī leṇīṃ hai ke Do you only want to disturb things?
नास में आन्गळी ना ले nāma meṃ āngaḷī nā le Don't penetrate finger into nose?
बातां गा पीसा लाग़ है. bātāṃ gā pīsā lāgai Talking costs money
सलिमों देखण चालसी के ? salimoṃ dekhaṇa čālasī ke Will you go to Cinema?
मुह कर जिया बताऊ जिसों या मुंह कर बताऊ बरगो suha kara jiyā batāū jisoṃ Your face looks like eggplant.
क्यामी राफ चोड़ी करै है रे? kyāmī rāpha čoṛī karai hai re Why are you making your mouth as that of a moron?
के करे ह ke kare ha What are you doing?
रोलो ह क कोई तेर paṃgo ha ka koī hera you have any problem
तू कठै गयैड़ो हो too kathai gayairo ho Where did you go?
कठू आन लाग रह्यो ह kaṭhū ān lāga rahyo ha Where are you coming from?
भांडा bhanda Utensils?

Work on Bagri

  • Grierson, G. A. 1908. (Reprint 1968). Linguistic Survey of India. Volume IX, Part II. New Delhi: Motilal Banarasidass
  • Gusain, Lakhan. 1994. Reflexives in Bagri. M.Phil. dissertation. New Delhi: Jawaharlal Nehru University
  • Gusain, Lakhan. 1999. A Descriptive Grammar of Bagri. Ph.D. dissertation. New Delhi: Jawaharlal Nehru University
  • Gusain, Lakhan. 2000a. Limitations of Literacy in Bagri. Nicholas Ostler & Blair Rudes (eds.). Endangered Languages and Literacy. Proceedings of the Fourth FEL Conference. University of North Carolina, Charlotte, 21–24 September 2000
  • Gusain, Lakhan. 2000b. Bagri Grammar. Munich: Lincom Europa (Languages of the World/Materials, 384)
  • Gusain, Lakhan. 2008. Bagri Learners' Reference Grammar. Ann Arbor, Michigan: Northside Publishers
  • Wilson, J. 1883. Sirsa Settlement Report. Chandigarh: Government Press

See also

References

  1. ^ Bagri at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Bagri". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 

External links

  • Centre for Rajasthani Studies
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