World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Balinese Kshatriya

Article Id: WHEBN0026823204
Reproduction Date:

Title: Balinese Kshatriya  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Hinduism in Indonesia, Bali
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Balinese Kshatriya

Balinese Kshatriya is a Hindu Kshatriya community which exists in the island of Bali in Indonesia. During the second half of the sixth century, Bali had a strong Kshatriya ruling dynasty. The rulers were mostly indigenous Balinese with some Indian blood.[1] These clans mostly belonged to the Nāgavanshi dynasty.[2][3] However in due time, these indigenous Kshatriyas became extinct and were replaced by the Javanese Kshatriyas who immigrated to Bali. Most of the Kshatriyas now living in Bali are claimed to be the descendants of the King Dewa Agung, who immigrated to Bali from Java. However there are also a few other Kshatriya clans who were elevated to the Kshatriya status from the Vaishya varna. All together, Kshatriyas constitute around 4% of the total Balinese Hindu population.

Dewa Agung is believed to have been crossed over to Bali from Java many centuries ago, along with his half brother Arya Damar and six other Kshatriyas. However only Dewa Agung retained his Kshatriya status, as the descendants of the other seven were degraded to the status of Vaishya. Most of the Kshatriyas belonging to the Dewa Agung clan are located in Badong, Tabanan, Mengui and Karangasem. However in Badong, there is another Kshatriya clan named Gusti Pam'chuttan, who are descended from the Raja Ngrurah Sakti Pamecutan. Kshatriyas are also found in Klungkung, Bangli and Gianyar. The Kshatriya clan which lived in Buleleng has now shifted their location to Badung. Other Kshatriya clans who live in Bali like Desak, Pradeva and Pungakan are of questionable origin.[4]

The word Kshatriya, which is of Sanskrit origin is pronounced as Satria in Balinese language.[5]

References

  1. ^ http://books.google.co.in/books?id=9EQQljehdwAC&pg=PA202
  2. ^ Warta Hindu dharma, Issues 140-150 p.021
  3. ^ Kamus agama Hindu By I Wayan Musna p.32
  4. ^ http://books.google.co.in/books?id=wAkYAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA158
  5. ^ http://books.google.co.in/books?id=7XlX_JolufwC&pg=PA12
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.