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Bangsamoro Republik

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Bangsamoro Republik

United Federated States of Bangsamoro Republik
جمهورية بانجسامورو
Unrecognized state

2013


Flag

Capital Davao City[1] (de jure)
Government Federal presidential
constitutional republic
[2]
(Government in exile)[3]
President
 •  2013 Nur Misuari
History
 •  Declared July 27, 2013
 •  Recognition None
 •  Defeat in Zamboanga September 28, 2013

The Bangsamoro Republik, officially the United Federated States of Bangsamoro Republik (UFSBR)[4] was a short-lived unrecognized breakaway state in the Philippines. Nur Misuari, chairman of the Moro National Liberation Front issued the Proclamation of Bangsamoro Independence on July 27, 2013 in Talipao, Sulu and declared the capital of Bangsamoro to be Davao City.[5]

According to Misuari, the republic's territory encompasses the islands of Basilan, Mindanao, Palawan, Sulu and Tawi-Tawi[4] where the Bangsamoro traditionally lived. However, according to Misuari's legal counsel, Emmanuel Fontanilla, the state also encompasses the Malaysian state of Sabah and Sarawak.[3][6]

This declaration of independence, which was made under the authority of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation.

As of September 28, 2013 with the defeat in Zamboanga City by the Philippines government, the MNLF no longer controls any territory openly anywhere and the Bangsamoro Republic has been debilitated. However, the MNLF has not renounced its bid for the independence of the Bangsamoro Republik.

Etymology

The term Bangsamoro comes from the Malayo-Polynesian word bansa (Manobo and Lumad languages: bangsa), meaning nation or people, and the Spanish word moro, which was originally applied to the Moors that ruled Spain prior to the Reconquista, and was subsequently applied to predominantly Muslim Malay tribes. In Maranao, moro also denotes a captor (other nuances: myakauro, miyaoro, miadakep).

Republik is the Manobo word for republic.

History

Bangsamoro is a legal and understood name of all Muslim in Mindanao.

Early history

In the 13th century, the arrival of Muslim missionaries from Persian Gulf,[9] including one, Makhdum Karim, in Tawi-Tawi initiated the conversion of the native population into Islam. Trade between Malaysia and Indonesia helped establish the Islamic religion in the southern Philippines.

In 1457, the introduction of Islam led to the creation of Sultanates. This included the sultanates of Buayan, Maguindanao and Sulu, which is considered the oldest Muslim government in the Philippine archipelago until its annexation by the United States in 1898.

American period

Significant parts of Bangsamoro were part of the US administered Moro Province and later the Department of Mindanao and Sulu.

Independence of Bangsamoro Republik

An independent state of Bangsamoro Republik was first declared on April 28, 1974,[10][11] two months after the siege of Jolo, Sulu after the MNLF first attempted to raise their flag.[12]

Zamboanga City crisis

MNLF commander Asamin Hussinhe stated in September 2013 that his group would only release some 200 civilian hostages held in Barangay Kasanyangan once they are allowed to proceed to Zamboanga city hall and hoist their flag in front of it.[8] During the crisis, the MNLF managed to gain de facto control of three districts of Zamboanga City.[13][14]

Present

Nur Mirusari is the UFSBR's Interim President according to the MNLF.[15]

See also

References

  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^ a b
  4. ^ a b
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^ a b
  9. ^ M.R. Izady. "The Gulf's Ethnic Diversity: An Evolutionary History. in G. Sick and L. Potter, eds., Security in the Persian Gulf Origins, Obstacles, and the Search for Consensus,(NYC: Palgrave, 2002)
  10. ^ W.K. Che Man. "Muslim Separatism: The Moros of Southern Philippines and the Malays of Southern Thailand". Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press, 1974.
  11. ^ Abinales, Patricio. N., et al. "State and Society in the Philippines". Oxford: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 2005.
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^
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