Banton language

Bantoanon[1]
Native to Philippines
Region Western Visayas
Native speakers
75,000  (2011)[3]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 bno
Glottolog bant1288[5]

The Bantoanon language[6] is a Visayan language spoken, along with the Romblomanon and Onhan languages, in the province of Romblon, Philippines. The name Bantoanon is derived from the island of Banton where it was originated. Bantoanon speakers in Banton is called Bantoanon, Calatravanhon in Calatrava, Odionganon in Odionagan, Sibalenhonin Concepcion, and Simaranhon in Corcuera.

Specifically, it is spoken on the following islands within Romblon:

  • Tablas: the municipalities of Odiongan and Calatrava, situated respectively on the western and northern parts of the island. The Odiongan dialect has more outside influences and is more widely used in literature.[7]
  • Banton: the island's sole municipality of Banton. This is the prestige dialect of Bantuanon and is considered by many native speakers to be the most representative dialect of the language.[7]
  • Simara: the island's sole municipality of Corcuera.
  • Maestre de Campo (also known as Sibale): the island's sole municipality of Concepcion.

David Zorc notes that Bantoanon speakers may have been the first Visayan speakers in the Romblon region. He also suggests that Bantoanon may have a Cebuan substratum and that many of its words may have been influenced by the later influx of other languages such as Romblomanon.[8]

Sounds

Bantoanon has sixteen consonants: p, t, k, b, d, g, m, n, ng, s, h, w, l, r and y. There are four vowels: a, i/e, and u/o. The vowels i and e are allophones, with i always being used when it is the beginning and sometimes end of a syllable, and e always used when it ends a syllable.The vowels u and o are allophones, with u always being used when it is the beginning and sometimes end of a syllable, and o always used when it ends a syllable. This is one of the Philippine languages which is excluded from [ɾ]-[d] allophone.

Grammar

Pronouns

  Absolutive Ergative Oblique
1st person singular akó nako, ko akò
2nd person singular ikaw, ka nimo, mo imo
3rd person singular sida nida ida
1st person plural inclusive kita nato ato
1st person plural exclusive kami namo amo
2nd person plural kamo ninro inro
3rd person plural sinra ninra inra

References

  1. ^ [1], more text.
  2. ^ [2], more text.
  3. ^ Bantoanon[2] at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  4. ^ [3], more text.
  5. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Bantoanon". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  6. ^ [4], Languages of the World.
  7. ^ a b http://www.sil.org/asia/philippines/sipl/SIPL_6-2_001-093.pdf
  8. ^ Zorc, David Paul. The Bisayan Dialects of the Philippines: Subgrouping and Reconstruction. Canberra, Australia: Dept. of Linguistics, Research School of Pacific Studies, Australian National University, 1977.

External links

  • Banton language information
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