World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0031419665
Reproduction Date:

Title: Barracoon  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Tecora, Middle Passage, Barracks, Catalan language
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


A barracoon (from Catalan barraca ('hut') through Spanish barracón[1]) is a type of barracks used historically for the temporary confinement of slaves or criminals.

In the Atlantic slave trade, captured individuals were temporarily transported to and held at barracoons along the western coast of the African continent, where they awaited transportation across the Atlantic Ocean. A barracoon simplified the slave trader's task of keeping the prospective slaves alive and in captivity, with the barracks being closely guarded and the slaves being fed and allowed exercise.[2][3]

The barracoons varied in size and design, from small enclosures adjacent to the factories of European traders to larger protected buildings.[4] The amount of time a slave spent inside a barracoon depended primarily on two factors: their health and the availability of slave ships.[4]Many slaves captives died in barracoons, some as a consequence of the hardships they experienced on their journeys and some as a result of their lethal exposure to European diseases to which they had limited immunity.[5]

See also

  • Barracks, also from Old Catalan barraca ('hut')


  1. ^ Collins English Dictionary. HarperCollins Publishers. 1991. ISBN 0-00-433286-5
  2. ^ Rodriguez, Junius P. (1997). The Historical Encyclopedia of World Slavery, Volume 1. ABC-CLIO. p. 73. 
  3. ^ Lloyd, Christopher (1968). The Navy and the Slave Trade: The Suppression of the African Slave Trade in the Nineteenth Century. Routledge. pp. 29–30. 
  4. ^ a b Gomez, Michael Angelo (1998). Exchanging Our Country Marks: The Transformation of African Identities in the Colonial and Antebellum South. UNC Press. pp. 155–156. 
  5. ^ White, Deborah (2013). Freedom On My Mind (1 ed.). New York: Bedford/St.Martens. p. 23. 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.