Batman in other media

Adaptations of Batman in other media
Created by Bob Kane
Bill Finger
Original source Comics published by DC Comics
First appearance Detective Comics #27 (May 1939)
Print publications
Novel(s) Batman: Dead White
Reference book(s) Batman: The Complete History
The Batman Handbook: The Ultimate Training Manual
Films and television
Film(s) Batman (1943)
Batman (1966)
Batman (1989)
Batman: Mask of the Phantasm
Batman Begins
The Dark Knight
The Dark Knight Rises
Batman vs. Superman
Batman (1966)
The Batman/Superman Hour
Batman: The Animated Series
The Batman (2004)
Batman: The Brave and the Bold
Theatrical presentations
Musical(s) Batman: The Musical
Audio presentations
Radio show(s) The Adventures of Superman
Batman: The Lazarus Syndrome
Batman: Knightfall
Board game(s) HeroClix
Video game(s) Batman (1986)
The Adventures of Batman & Robin
Batman: Vengeance
Lego Batman: The Video Game
Batman: Arkham Asylum

Since his first appearance in 1939, Batman has been adapted into such media as film, radio, television, and video games, as well as numerous merchandising items.

Theatrical films

Main article: Batman in film

A number of Batman theatrical films have been made. There have also been several attempted projects during the hiatus between Batman & Robin and Batman Begins.


Beginning in March 1945, Batman and Robin made regular appearances on the radio drama The Adventures of Superman on the Mutual Broadcasting System. Efforts were made to launch a Batman radio series in 1943 and again in 1950, but neither came to fruition.

In 1989, an original radio drama, Batman: The Lazarus Syndrome, was produced by Dirk Maggs for BBC Radio 4.

A second Maggs production aired on BBC Radio 1 in 1994, this time adapting the comic book storyline Batman: Knightfall. It was adapted, produced and directed by Maggs—with music composed by Mark Russell—who had also made Superman: Doomsday & Beyond on BBC Radio 5. This show, however was not commissioned of its own, but rather to be three-minute episodes on the Mark Goodier Show. This meant it was written with a sense of immediacy; having to make an instant effect and each three-minute segment contains a major plot development or sound effect stunt and ends on a cliffhanger. DC acknowledged the effort in an issue Shadow of The Bat by having villains jump past a sign reading "Dirk Maggs Radio". Michael Gough reprised the role of Alfred Pennyworth from the Burton/Schumacher film series.


Live action

Bruce Wayne

In 1999, Tim McCanlies wrote a pilot script and series bible for a planned series called Bruce Wayne to be produced by Tollin/Robbins Productions. Taking place in his teenage years, the series would cover his passage into young adulthood, training, and development into becoming Batman. Other characters would include Alfred, Sergeant Jim Gordon, law school student Harvey Dent, and a seductive young Selina Kyle. Planned to run for five to six seasons, it would show how he acquired his martial arts skills, his equipment, and detective abilities he would use in his war on crime. It would also focus on topics such as corruption within the board of Wayne Enterprises (an element which found its way into the movie Batman Begins, to some extent) and police affiliation with the mafia. Bruce Wayne was nearing pre-production when Warner Bros. movie division felt it would conflict with the planned Year One movie and scrapped it. The result was Batman Begins and Tollin/Robbins Productions later went to create Smallville, a series about a teenage Clark Kent.


Warner Bros Television and Fox are working on a TV series titled Gotham with Bruno Heller created the show and will focus on James Gordon as a detective. [4]


  • 1972: The New Scooby-Doo Movies produced by Hanna-Barbera; Batman and Robin appeared in episodes "The Dynamic Scooby-Doo Affair" (9/16/72) and "The Caped Crusader Caper" (12/16/72), where Olan Soule first reprises his role as the Caped Crusader.
  • 1973–86: Various Super Friends series produced by Hanna-Barbera; Olan Soule again reprises his role as Batman in all but the last two Super Friends series, where he is replaced by Adam West
  • 1977–78: The New Adventures of Batman produced by Filmation; while the H-B produced Super Friends ran on ABC, Adam West and Burt Ward (Robin) voiced their previously live-action roles for this CBS cartoon series; later rerun as part of The Batman/Tarzan Adventure Hour (the Tarzan segments had also been previously seen as their own series)
  • 1992–2006: The DC animated universe produced by Warner Bros. Animation; Batman is voiced by Kevin Conroy in all appearances
  • 1997: He appeared in the Animaniacs episode "Boo Wonder". Adam West reprises his role as the Caped Crusader
  • 2004: Teen Titans; Batman appeared in silhouette in the episode "Haunted", in a flashback sequence. He is not voiced by anybody. Nods towards Batman are also present elsewhere in the series.
  • 2004–08: The Batman; in this series, Bruce Wayne is a young crime fighter just three years into his career as Batman. He is voiced by Rino Romano.
  • 2005–06: In Krypto the Superdog, Batman himself makes no appearances, but his pet dog Ace the Bat-Hound does, although Ace prefers to refer to himself as "Batman's partner," rather than his pet.
  • 2008–11: Batman: The Brave and the Bold; based in part on the comic book series of the same name, the series has Batman (voiced by Diedrich Bader) team-up with several other DC Comics heroes.
  • 2010–13: Young Justice; the animated series of Young Justice features Justice League members as well as Batman voiced by Bruce Greenwood, who played the role in the animated film Batman: Under the Red Hood.[5]
  • 2012: Mad; When their fellow heroes feel under-appreciated, they appeal to Superman, Batman, and Wonder Woman about being called "Super Friends."
  • 2012: New Teen Titans short, "Red X Unmasked"; a cameo appearance as one of the people under the mask of Red X and says his famous line from Batman: The Animated Series, "I am Vengeance, I am the Night, I am," but his mask comes off before he can say his name. He was voiced by Kevin Michael Richardson.
  • 2013: Teen Titans Go!; he is referenced in episode 1 "Legendary Sandwich" where a cardboard cutout is seen in the supermarket advertising cereal called Bat-O's. This also appears in episode 3 "Drivers Ed". In the same episode Robin is talking to him about the crashed Batmobile on the phone telling him it's just a scratch (and then it blows up). Batman is mentioned by name in episode 4 "Raven's Daddy Dearest" where Trigon makes a joke about him. In "La Larva de Amor", Batman and Commissioner James Gordon make a cameo on a fishing boat while Silkie was drifting out to sea. In "Gorilla", when Batman calls the Titans on their holographic message machine, Beast Boy (in his gorilla form) gets into a violent rage from being waken from his nap and smashes the machine. At the end of the episode, Batman calls the Titans again, but Cyborg, Starfire, and Raven are startled by the noise and act like monkeys while smashing the machine again. In "Girl's Night Out", Batman and Commissioner Gordon made another cameo, laughing in a police car parked to an alley. After Starfire, Raven, and Jynx drove past the alley from the police, the two continue laughing. In "You're Fired", when Zan becomes the Teen Titan's receptionist, he receives a phone call from an unknown person asking for Batman. Zan tells him that he should call the Batcave, and when the person asks for the Batcave's number, Zan refuses to tell him. He later receives a call from the same person, asking where to call Batman at, causing Zan to yell out the Batcave. Later, when Zan is on DCUbook, he reads Robin's latest status stating, "Fighting Crime Like a Boss." Batman replies, "Good Work, Old Chum." Later, when Beast Boy becomes the new receptionist, he receives a call from the same person that Zan spoke to, so Beast Boy pretends to be Batman and be in the Batcave. In "Matched", when flipping through names on Cyborg's match-making computer program, Robin flips past Batman's name and photo.
  • 2013: Beware the Batman; a CGI animated series that will feature Katana as Batman's sidekick.[6]



Main article: Batman (comic strip)

From 1943 to 1946, Batman and Robin appeared in a syndicated daily newspaper comic strip produced by the McClure Syndicate. Other versions appeared in 1953, 1966, and 1989. The original run is collected in the book Batman: The Dailies. One more comic strip series ran briefly after the success of the 1989 film.


Batman appears in a novel by cyberpunk/horror novelist John Shirley, entitled Batman: Dead White from Del Rey. Many other novels and short story collections featuring Batman have been published over the years, including novelizations of each of the recent movies (such as Batman and The Dark Knight Rises) and many of the comic book arcs.

There are also several more scholarly works, aimed at either Batman's history or art, such as Les Daniels' Batman: The Complete History or Will Brooker's Batman Unmasked: Analysing a Cultural Icon. and compilations such as Batman: Cover to Cover : The Greatest Comic Book Covers of the Dark Knight. In 2004, The Batman Handbook: The Ultimate Training Manual, written by Scott Beatty was published by Quirk Books (ISBN 1-59474-023-2). Written in the same style as The Worst-Case Scenario Survival Handbook series, the book explained the basics on how to be Batman. Amongst the skills included in the book are "How to Train a Sidekick", "How to Execute a Backflip", "How to Throw a Grappling Hook", and "How to Survive a Poison Gas Attack". Finally, there are of course countless sticker, coloring, activity, and other children's books featuring the Dark Knight.[7]

Foreign comics

Novelty singles

Several musical singles featuring cast members of the television show singing in-character were released in 1966: Burgess Meredith as the Penguin in "The Capture" and "The Escape", Frank Gorshin as the Riddler in "The Riddler", and Adam West as Batman in "Miranda". In 1976 West performed a pair of novelty songs, "The Story of Batman" and "Batman and Robin", for Target Records. All six of these recordings (sans the b-sides to Gorshin and West's singles) were later included on the 1997 compilation, Batmania: Songs Inspired by Batman TV Series.

In 1966, Burt Ward also recorded a limited "disc jokey only" release with Frank Zappa called "Boy Wonder, I Love You".

Also in 1966, British novelty group The Scaffold produced a single called "Goodbat Nightman" (lyrics by Roger McGough, who "has written several poems" about Batman and Robin).[8]

Audio drama

Following the popularity of the Adam West television series, a pair of LPs were released in 1966 on MGM's "Leo the Lion" label. Each contained three dramatizations, including stories adapted from Batman comic books:

  • The Official Adventures Of Batman And Robin:
    • The Legend of Batman and Robin
    • The Penguin's Plunder
    • The Joker's Revenge
  • More Official Adventures of Batman & Robin:
    • The Marriage of Batman and Batwoman
    • The Fake Boy Wonder
    • When Batman Became a Coward

Throughout the 1970s Batman was the subject of a number of Power Records Book-and-record sets, as well as records unaccompanied by books:[9]

45 rpm book and record sets:

  • Batman: Stacked Cards
  • Batman: Robin Meets Man-Bat

7" 33 rpm records no comic:

  • Batman: If Music be the Food of Death
  • Batman: The Scarecrow's Mirages
  • Batman: Catwoman's Revenge

33 rpm 12 book and record sets:

  • Batman: Gorilla City & Mystery of the Scarecrow Corpse
  • Batman (Collects Stacked Cards, The Scarecrow's Mirage, Challenge of the Catwoman, If Music Be the Food of Death)
  • Batman (Collects Robin Meets Man Bat, Gorilla City, Mystery of the Scarecrow Corpse, The Catwoman's Revenge)
  • A Super Hero Christmas (segment Batman: Christmas Carol Caper)

The 1980 mini-series, The Untold Legend of the Batman was available in a special "MPI Audio Edition." Each of the three issues were accompanied by an audio cassette containing a performance of the text of the issue, with musical cues.

As part of its DC Superheroes collection, in 1982 Fisher-Price released Batman: The Case of the Laughing Sphinx, an audio cassette accompanied by a hard back illustrated book.

In 2007, the audiobook publisher GraphicAudio licensed DC Comics properties to adapt as audiodramas. They have produced three adaptations of Batman novels: Batman: Dead White by John Shirley, Batman: Inferno by Alex Irvine, and Alan Grant's Batman: The Stone King. Batman also appears as a supporting cast member in the GraphicAudio's adaptations of Crisis on Infinite Earths, Infinite Crisis and JLA: Exterminators.

Video games

Several Batman video games were created:

Batman appears in the Justice League Task Force Super Nintendo fighting game, a pair of Justice League games for Game Boy Advance, and an arcade game based on the Tim Burton film. He appears in the Justice League Heroes game for PS2, Xbox, and PSP and has appeared in the crossover game Mortal Kombat vs. DC Universe.[12] Batman has also appeared as a non-player character in the MMORPG DC Universe Online. He is one of the three available "mentors" for the player, choosing him as a mentor will open an exclusive storyline and exclusive missions. Batman can be unlocked to use in Legends PVP matches with two available appearances: the normal Batman or Future Batman, wearing a grey plated armor instead of a suit, and a helmet instead of just a cowl.

The Revenge of Shinobi features a non-authorized Batman as a boss. The 8-bit Nintendo Entertainment System game Final Fantasy features "Badman", a character with strong resemblances to Batman, as one of the enemies of the final area.

Musical theatre

While a parody of a Dark Knight of the Soul

A Batman musical is also parodied in the animated series Batman Beyond. The episode "Out of the Past", (first aired October 21, 2000) opens with Bruce Wayne and Terry McGinnis attending a performance of (a fictional) Batman: The Musical, featuring caricatures of prominent members of the Rogues Gallery (the Joker, the Penguin, Two-Face, Catwoman, Poison Ivy, and Harley Quinn). Series creator Paul Dini, who wrote the episode in question, also wrote a song for the fictitious musical entitled Superstitious and Cowardly Lot.

An episode of the sketch comedy show MADtv also featured a Batman: The Musical parody called Batman V: Out of the Cave which starred Tommy Tune as Batman, and Ben Vereen as Robin.

A live stage show was also created, called Batman Live: World Tour. The show is a unique fusion of live action theatre, magic, stunts, digital projection and music from an 85 piece orchestra and choir. The tour began at Manchester, UK in Summer 2011 and is set to tour arenas throughout the UK and Europe before arriving in North America by Summer 2012.

In 2012, the Internet theatre troupe StarKid Productions created a musical titled Holy Musical B@man!, which went on YouTube on April 13. It was performed in Chicago from March 16–25, and because of copyright laws, tickets were free. Batman is portrayed by Joseph (Joe) Walker.

Games, action figures, and other toys

Main article: Batman action figures

Hundreds of Batman action figures, die-cast models, and other items have been released. Many companies have acquired the rights to make Batman merchandise, including:

Batman has appeared as a HeroClix figure along with other Batman characters in the following HeroClix sets:

For April 2006, Lego introduced a Batman line which also includes characters such as the Joker and Two-Face, at American International Toy Fair.

Web shows

  • Death Battle, episode: "Batman vs Spider-Man" – A YouTube series by ScrewAttack where they pit two fictional characters into a virtual simulated battle to the death like that of Deadliest Warrior. Both Batman and Spider-Man fought a hypothetical battle, and Spider-Man won.[13]

Theme park attractions

Main article: Batman amusement rides and stunt shows

Several Six Flags theme parks, formerly owned by Warner Bros., opened live-action "Batman Stunt Shows" as the movies increased in popularity. The now closed Six Flags Astroworld in Houston, Texas was home to a standing roller coaster known as Batman: The Escape. Six Flags Over Texas in Arlington, Texas is home to two roller coasters called Mr. Freeze, and Batman: The Ride. Six Flags México in Mexico City, Mexico has also a looping, suspended roller coaster named Batman: The Ride (Six Flags St. Louis has the same ride, as does Six Flags Great America in Gurnee, Illinois) as well as twin roller coasters named Batman and Robin: The Chiller. On the latter attraction, riders may ride on either the Batman or Robin versions of the coaster. But unfortunately in the 2007 off-season, the ride was removed after a long history of technical difficulties and occasionally breaking down. Six Flags Over Georgia contains a Gotham City area that contains the same Batman: The Ride and also features a looping coaster called The Mindbender that was adapted to fit the color tone of the Riddler after Batman Forever came out to fit the Gotham City section of the park it shares with Batman: The Ride. Six Flags Magic Mountain in Valencia, California has two Batman-themed coasters, the suspended coaster Batman: The Ride, and The Riddler's Revenge, a stand-up type roller coaster. This Six Flags park also features an entire themed area called "Gotham City" complete with architecture to match that of the fictional Gotham City. Warner Bros. Movie World in the Gold Coast, Australia, also has two Batman-themed rides. Batman Adventure – The Ride, revamped in 2001, is a motion simulator style simulator ride while Batwing Spaceshot is a vertical free-fall ride.

In 2008, The Dark Knight Coaster opened in Six Flags Great Adventure and Six Flags Great America. Based on The Dark Knight film, they are Wild Mouse roller coasters, indoors, heavily themed, and give riders a feeling that they are being stalked by the Joker. Six Flags New England was originally going to receive this roller coaster; however, due to problems with building permits, the park scratched the project and then sent the coaster to Six Flags México.

See also


External links

  • Warner Bros. official
  • Warner Bros. official Batman Shop
  • official site
  • The New Batman Adventures—Official Warner Bros. site
  • Batman: The Animated Series—Official site
  • Batman Beyond—Official site
  • Dark Knight of the Soul (Batman: The Musical Memorial)—Collects all known information about this canceled project, as well as Steinman's demo recordings
  • Internet Movie Database
  • Encyclopedia of Television
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