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Battle of Oltu

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Title: Battle of Oltu  
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Subject: Turkish War of Independence, Revolts during the Turkish War of Independence, Battle of Karboğazı, Second Battle of İnönü, Battle of Alexandropol
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Battle of Oltu

Battle of Oltu
Part of Turkish-Armenian War
Date 25 June 1920, 5 September 1920
Location Oltu (present-day Turkey)
Result Turkish victory
Democratic Republic of Armenia Grand National Assembly
Commanders and leaders
Kâzım Karabekir
Halit Karsıalan
Ali Riza Bey

The Battle of Oltu was actually two battles, the first (18 June to 25 June 1920) was a battle between

  1. ^ Hewsen, Robert H. and Salvatico, Christopher C. (2001) Armenia: A Historical Atlas University of Chicago Press, Chicago, p. 237. ISBN 0-226-33228-4
  2. ^ Vol XIX, 1919, p.The New York Times Current History: A Monthly Magazine: The European War
  3. ^ a b Andersen, Andrew (2004) "Turkish-Armenian War Sept.-Nov. 1920"
  4. ^ Turkish-Armenian War of 1920 in Russian


In August, the Armenian government attempted to occupy the Oltu district. In response, General Kâzım Karabekir led four Turkish battalions into the district on September 3 and drove the Armenians out. Karabekir then pushed into the Democratic Republic of Armenia on September 20[3] prompting the Armenian government to declare war on Turkey four days later.[4] The Turkish–Armenian War ensued.

Second battle

The conflict arose when the Muslim warlords[3] assumed control in their stead. The local Turkish tribes had skirmished with Armenian border troops, and as a result the local Armenian commander initiated a punitive expedition into the Oltu district. On 16 June 1920 Armenian forces invaded the Oltu district and annexed it to the DRA. Meanwhile, the Treaty of Sèvres was signed confirming the validity of the Armenian state, but giving Armenia much less territory than originally proposed by Woodrow Wilson.

First battle

de jure authority over it when they claimed independence on May 26, 1918. Democratic Republic of Armenia (DRA) was proclaimed two days later, on May 28, 1918.



  • Background 1
  • First battle 2
  • Second battle 3
  • References 4

And the second was when Turkish troops drove Armenian troops out of Oltu district on 3–5 September 1920. [1]

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