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Beck v. Alabama

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Beck v. Alabama

Beck v. Alabama
Supreme Court of the United States
Argued February 20, 1980
Decided June 20, 1980
Full case name Beck v. Alabama
Citations 447 more)
Holding
The death sentence may not constitutionally be imposed after a jury verdict of guilt of a capital offense where the jury was not permitted to consider a verdict of guilt of a lesser included offense.
Court membership
Case opinions
Majority Stevens, joined by Burger, Brennan, Stewart, Blackmun, and Powell
Concurrence Brennan
Concurrence Marshall
Dissent Rehnquist, joined by White
Laws applied
Due Process

Beck v. Alabama, 447 U.S. 625 (1980), was a United States Supreme Court case in which the Court held that a jury must be allowed to consider lesser included offenses, not just capital offense or acquittal.

Background

Beck was participating in a robbery when his accomplice intentionally killed someone. Beck was tried for capital murder. Under the Code of Alabama, Section 13-11-2 (1975), the requisite intent to kill could not be supplied by the felony murder doctrine. Felony murder was thus a lesser-included offense of the capital crime of robbery with an intentional killing. Under the statute, the judge was specifically prohibited from giving the jury the option of convicting for the lesser-included offense. Absent the statutory ban on such an instruction, Beck's testimony would have entitled him to an instruction on felony murder.

Lower Courts

In the lower courts, Beck attacked the ban on the grounds that the Alabama statute was the same as the mandatory death penalty statutes that the Court had been striking down in recent holdings.

Decision of the Supreme Court

Though the lower courts disagreed, the Supreme Court held that the death sentence may not constitutionally be imposed after a jury verdict of guilt of a capital offense where the jury was not permitted to consider a verdict of guilt of a lesser included offense.[1]

Dissent

Justice Rehnquist wrote the dissenting opinion for the court, Justice White joined in Rehnquist's dissent

See also

References


External links

  • Text of the opinion from justia.com
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