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Title: Belene  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Belene, List of power stations in Bulgaria, Pleven Province, Svishtov, Bulgarian Land Forces
Collection: Belene, Populated Places in Pleven Province, Populated Places on the Danube
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Skyline of Belene
Belene is located in Bulgaria
Country Bulgaria
Province (Oblast) Pleven
 • Mayor Petar Dulev
Elevation 89 ft (27 m)
Population (December 2009)[1]
 • Total 8,905
Time zone Eastern European Time (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern European Summer Time (UTC+3)
Postal code 5930
Area code(s) 0658
The Danube at Belene
Belene Island

Belene (Bulgarian: Белене) is a town in Pleven Province, Northern Bulgaria. It is the administrative centre of the homonymous Belene Municipality. The town is situated on the right bank of the Danube river, close to the town of Svishtov. As of December 2009, it has a population of 8,905 inhabitants.[1]

Belene was proclaimed a town in 1964,[2] which is celebrated every year in the first week of September with a market and cultural events.

The place is best known for the Belene prison (formerly a concentration camp) on Belene Island where thousands of innocent Bulgarians found their death during the communist dictatorship, and as the proposed site of Bulgaria's second nuclear power plant, which has been under construction 7 kilometres (4 miles) east of the town until it was interrupted in 1990 due to the severe economic crisis that followed the fall of communism in the country. There are plans to start construction again as a replacement for reactors 3 and 4 at Kozloduy Nuclear Power Plant, which Bulgaria shut down as a condition for EU membership. The total capacity of the two reactors will be 2,000 MW.

The main confessions in the town are Anthony of Padua was constructed in 1893.

Belene was the focal point for the feature documentary film The Mosquito Problem and Other Stories by Andrey Paounov [3] The film features many of the town's colourful characters, highlighting their daily plight of a nuclear plant of empty promises and a year-round mosquito epidemic.

Belene Cove in Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica is named after Belene.

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Belene is twinned with:


  1. ^ a b (English) Bulgarian National Statistical Institute - towns in 2009
  2. ^ (English) Bulgarian National Statistical Institute - Belene in 1964
  3. ^ The Mosquito Problem & other stories
  4. ^ "Lista municipiilor înfrățite din România" [List of municipality twinnings in Romania] (in Romanian). Archived from the original on 2009-12-22. Retrieved 2013-08-21. 
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