World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Benzyl butyl phthalate

Article Id: WHEBN0003007126
Reproduction Date:

Title: Benzyl butyl phthalate  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Plastic, Phthalates, Plasticizers, Endocrine disruptors, Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Benzyl butyl phthalate

Benzyl butyl phthalate
Benzyl butyl phthalate molecule
Identifiers
 YesY
ChemSpider  YesY
Jmol-3D images Image
KEGG  YesY
Properties
small=yes}}} }}} 0}}} 1=C|C} }}} 1=H|H} }}} 1=Ac|Ac} }}} 1=Ag|Ag} }}} 1=Al|Al} }}} 1=Am|Am} }}} 1=Ar|Ar} }}} 1=As|As} }}} 1=At|At} }}} 1=Au|Au} }}} 1=B|B} }}} 1=Ba|Ba} }}} 1=Be|Be} }}} 1=Bh|Bh} }}} 1=Bi|Bi} }}} 1=Bk|Bk} }}} 1=Br|Br} }}} 1=Ca|Ca} }}} 1=Cd|Cd} }}} 1=Ce|Ce} }}} 1=Cf|Cf} }}} 1=Cn|Cn} }}} 1=Cl|Cl} }}} 1=Cm|Cm} }}} 1=Co|Co} }}} 1=Cr|Cr} }}} 1=Cs|Cs} }}} 1=Cu|Cu} }}} 1=Db|Db} }}} 1=Ds|Ds} }}} 1=Dy|Dy} }}} 1=Er|Er} }}} 1=Es|Es} }}} 1=Eu|Eu} }}} 1=F|F} }}} 1=Fe|Fe} }}} 1=Fl|Fl} }}} 1=Fm|Fm} }}} 1=Fr|Fr} }}} 1=Ga|Ga} }}} 1=Gd|Gd} }}} 1=Ge|Ge} }}} 1=He|He} }}O4}}
Documentation

Density 1.1 g cm−3
Melting point −35 °C (−31 °F; 238 K)
Boiling point 370 °C (698 °F; 643 K)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
 YesY  (: YesY/N?)

Benzylbutylphthalate (BBzP), also called n-butyl benzyl phthalate (BBP) or benzyl butyl phthalate, is a phthalate, an ester of phthalic acid, benzyl alcohol and n-butanol. It comes under trade names e.g. Palatinol BB, Unimoll BB, Sicol 160, or Santicizer 160. It is mostly used as a plasticizer for PVC. It is considered a toxicant.

BBzP is commonly used as a plasticizer for vinyl foams, which are often used as floor tiles. Other uses are in traffic cones, food conveyor belts, and artificial leather.

BBP is classified as toxic by the European Chemical Bureau (ECB) and hence its use in Europe has declined rapidly in the last decade. There are only two producers remaining in the EU.

In 2008 four sellers of BBP were sanctioned by the Belgian Competition Council for participating in a cartel.[1][2]

Health effects

Canadian Authorities have restricted the usage of phthalates, including BBP, in soft vinyl children's toys and child care articles.[3]

A 2012 study conducted in New York City found that eczema was 52 percent more likely in children whose mothers had been exposed to higher concentrations of butylbenzyl phthalate, compared with those whose mothers had been exposed to lower concentrations. Exposure was measured through urine testing during the third trimester of pregnancy. All but one of the women in the study showed some level of exposure to butylbenzyl phthalate.[4]

BBP was listed as a developmental toxicant under California's Proposition 65 on December 2, 2005.[5] California's Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment (OEHHA), on July 1, 2013, approved a Maximum Allowable Dose Level of 1,200 micrograms per day for BBP.[6]

References

  1. ^ Press release Council 04 04 08
  2. ^ http://economie.fgov.be/organization_market/competition/press_releases/press_release_04042008_en.pdf
  3. ^ Canada Gazette - Phthalates Regulations
  4. ^ http://pubs.acs.org/action/showStoryContent?doi=10.1021%2Fon.2008.11.12.154968&
  5. ^ http://prop65news.com/StoryDetails/tabid/101/ArticleID/6599/OEHHA-Adds-Three-Phthalates-as-Reproductive-Toxicants-to-Prop-65-List.aspx
  6. ^ http://prop65news.com/StoryDetails/tabid/101/ArticleID/7502/OEHHA-Adopts-BBP-MADL.aspx

External links

  • C-307 An Act respecting bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate, benzyl butyl phthalate and dibutyl phthalate
  • Datasheet
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.