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Berezniki

Berezniki (English)
Березники (Russian)
-  City[1]  -

Berezniki City Administration building

Location of Perm Krai in Russia
Berezniki is located in Perm Krai
Berezniki
Berezniki
Location of Berezniki in Perm Krai
Coordinates:
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of December 2011)
Country Russia
Federal subject Perm Krai[1]
Administratively subordinated to city of krai significance of Berezniki[1]
Administrative center of city of krai significance of Berezniki[1]
Municipal status (as of October 2009)
Urban okrug Berezniki Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Berezniki Urban Okrug[2]
Head Sergey Dyakov
Representative body City Duma[3]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 156,466 inhabitants[4]
Rank in 2010 112th
Time zone YEKT (UTC+05:00)[5]
Founded 1873[6]
City status since 1932[6]
Postal code(s)[7] 618400-618426
Dialing code(s) +7 3424
Official website
on WikiCommons

Berezniki (Russian: Березники́) is a city in Perm Krai, Russia, located on the banks of the Kama River, in the Ural Mountains. Population: 156,466 (2010 Census);[4] 173,077 (2002 Census);[8] 201,213 (1989 Census).[9]

Contents

  • Etymology 1
  • History 2
  • Administrative and municipal status 3
  • Economy 4
  • Notable people 5
  • Transportation 6
  • Trivia 7
  • References 8
    • Notes 8.1
    • Sources 8.2
  • Further reading 9
  • External links 10

Etymology

The name Berezniki is derived from a birch forest originally situated on the city's location.

History

It was founded in 1873.[6] City status was granted to it in 1932[6] as its industry was rapidly expanding under Joseph Stalin.

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is incorporated as the city of krai significance of Berezniki—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the city of krai significance of Berezniki is incorporated as Berezniki Urban Okrug.[2]

Economy

BTZ trolleybus and railway station in Berezniki
Trolza trolleybus in Berezniki

After the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, the city's population dropped due to increased unemployment. Nevertheless, the city was able to keep its main industries on track. Large chemical plants such as titanium and sodium factories as well as several huge Potassium, Magnesium and Potash mines are operational in Berezniki.

The potash mine, owned by Uralkali, was the basis of the fortune of Dmitry Rybolovlev who sold his interest in 2010 to Suleiman Kerimov. Mine supports in the huge underground mine, about 1,000 feet beneath the city, consist of soluble salt which is being dissolved by water flooding into the mine. The city, a former Soviet era labor camp, was built near the work site, over the mine. Several sinkholes, some huge, have opened within the city. The situation requires round-the-clock monitoring. The problem is believed to be limited to a small part of the mine which was not filled properly and to be limited in its future impact, but relocation of the city is under consideration.[10]

Berezniki has a theater and a museum of regional history.

Notable people

Russia's first president Boris Yeltsin attended Pushkin High School in Berezniki.
Russian billionaire Dmitry Rybolovlev controlled the leading Berezniki potash mines during 2000 — 2011.

Transportation

Berezniki is served by the Berezniki Airport, which mainly serves helicopters. A railway station is also in operation. In the city public transport service is operated with trolleybuses.

Trivia

The largest sinkhole, locally dubbed, "The Grandfather" by 2012, was 340 yards wide, 430 yards long, and 780 feet deep.[10] It opened in 2007, when Berezniki made the news,[11] initially, the hole was 80m long, 40m wide and 200m deep.[12] The sinkhole was expected to expand, and destroy part of the only rail line which leads to and from the potash mines, Berezniki produces around 10% of the worlds potash, this would lead global demand towards Canada, potentially damaging the local economy. Nobody was hurt when the sinkhole appeared.

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e Law #416-67
  2. ^ a b c Law #1983-434
  3. ^ Website of City Duma
  4. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian).  
  5. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  6. ^ a b c d Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 46.  
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  8. ^  
  9. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  10. ^ a b "A Russian City Always on the Watch Against Being Sucked Into the Earth" article by Andrew E. Kramer in The New York Times April 10, 2012
  11. ^ English Russia » A Giant Sinkhole
  12. ^ Virtual Globetrotting: 2007-11-02 - Another sinkhole threatens Russia

Sources

  • Законодательное собрание Пермской области. Закон №416-67 от 28 февраля 1996 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Пермского края», в ред. Закона №328-ПК от 7 июня 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные Законы Пермской области и Коми-Пермяцкого автономного округа». Вступил в силу с момента опубликования. Опубликован: "Звезда", №38, 12 марта 1996 г. (Legislative Assembly of Perm Oblast. Law #416-67 of February 28, 1996 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Perm Krai, as amended by the Law #328-PK of June 7, 2014 On Amending Various Laws of Perm Oblast and Komi-Permyak Autonomous Okrug. Effective as of the moment of publication.).
  • Законодательное собрание Пермской области. Закон №1983-434 от 27 декабря 2004 г. «Об утверждении границ и о наделении статусом муниципального образования "Город Березники" Пермского края», в ред. Закона №499-ПК от 16 октября 2009 г «О внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Пермской области и Коми-Пермяцкого автономного округа». Вступил в силу через десять дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Звезда", №217–218, 30 декабря 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Perm Oblast. Law #1983-434 of December 27, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Status to the Municipal Formation of the "City of Berezniki" of Perm Krai, as amended by the Law #499-PK of October 16, 2009 On Amending Various Legislative Acts of Perm Oblast and Komi-Permyak Autonomous Okrug. Effective as of the day which is ten days following the day of the official publication.).

Further reading

  • "A Russian City Always on the Watch Against Being Sucked Into the Earth" article by Andrew E. Kramer in The New York Times April 10, 2012

External links

  • Pictures of Berezniki
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