World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Berkeley Springs State Park

Article Id: WHEBN0003479136
Reproduction Date:

Title: Berkeley Springs State Park  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of West Virginia state parks, Morgan County, West Virginia, Berkeley County, West Virginia, Grant County, West Virginia, Hardy County, West Virginia
Collection: Bath (Berkeley Springs), West Virginia, Destination Spas, Historic Districts in Morgan County, West Virginia, History Museums in West Virginia, Museums in Morgan County, West Virginia, National Register of Historic Places in Morgan County, West Virginia, Natural History of West Virginia, Parks on the National Register of Historic Places in West Virginia, Protected Areas of Morgan County, West Virginia, State Parks of West Virginia
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Berkeley Springs State Park

Berkeley Springs State Park
West Virginia State Park
Park buildings
Country United States
State West Virginia
County Morgan
Elevation 617 ft (188.1 m)
Coordinates
Area 7 acres (2.8 ha) [1]
Acquired 1970-07-01 [2]
Owner West Virginia Division of Natural Resources
Nearest city Berkeley Springs, West Virginia
Location of Berkeley Springs State Park in West Virginia
Website: Berkeley Springs State Park
Berkeley Springs State Park
Location S. Washington and Fairfax Sts., Berkeley Springs, West Virginia
Area 5 acres (2.0 ha)
Built 1785
Governing body State
NRHP Reference # 76001943[3]
Added to NRHP May 24, 1976

Berkeley Springs State Park is situated in the center of West Virginia Division of Natural Resources.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Mineral springs 2
  • Museum 3
  • Gallery 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

History

The Park is located on land which has been used as a health resort since the 1750s and which was officially granted to Virginia by Lord Fairfax in 1776. The historic Roman Bathhouse, the oldest public building in Berkeley Springs, was built in Federal-style architecture in 1815 on the site of an earlier bathhouse attributed to James Rumsey. The earlier bathhouse, built in 1784, is described as having had five bathing chambers and dressing rooms.

Mineral springs

Water flows from natural mineral springs at a constant temperature of 74.3 degrees, emerging from the Oriskany (Ridgeley) sandstone of Warm Springs Ridge. It contains significant amounts of sulfates, nitrates, and carbonates -- mostly magnesium carbonates. The flow rate varies from 750 to 2,000 US gallons (2,800 to 7,600 L) per minute.

The water is available for bathing at two park bathhouses and for drinking from a fountain at the 19th century Gentlemen's Spring House — as well as from every tap in town since the springs serve as the source of the municipal water supply. The current bathhouse includes nine separate bathing chambers with tubs capable of holding a total 750 gallons of water heated to 102 degrees. These baths are open to the public daily throughout the year and water is also bottled and sold commercially.

Museum

The Museum of the Berkeley Springs is located on the second floor of the bathhouse. Established in 1984, it exhibits various historical items of natural and cultural significance to the springs and town. Admission is free, and the museum is open at least on weekends from March through December.

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ West Virginia State Parks Facilities Grid, accessed March 29, 2008
  2. ^ Where People and Nature Meet: A History of the West Virginia State Parks.  
  3. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places.  

External links

  • Berkeley Springs State Park website
  • Museum of the Berkeley Springs
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.