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Bertram Brockhouse

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Subject: Clifford Shull, Nobel Prize in Physics, List of Nobel laureates by university affiliation, National Research Universal reactor, List of University of Toronto people
Collection: 1918 Births, 2003 Deaths, Canadian Nobel Laureates, Canadian Nuclear Physicists, Canadian Physicists, Companions of the Order of Canada, Fellows of the Royal Society, Fellows of the Royal Society of Canada, McMaster University Faculty, Nobel Laureates in Physics, Oliver E. Buckley Condensed Matter Prize Winners, People from Hamilton, Ontario, People from Lethbridge, Spectroscopists, University of British Columbia Alumni, University of Toronto Alumni
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Bertram Brockhouse

Bertram Brockhouse
Born Bertram Neville Brockhouse
(1918-07-15)July 15, 1918
Lethbridge, Alberta
Died October 13, 2003(2003-10-13) (aged 85)
Hamilton, Ontario
Nationality Canada
Institutions McMaster University
Alma mater
Thesis The effect of stress and temperature upon the magnetic properties of ferromagnetic materials (1950)
Notable awards
Website
.html/brockhouse-bio/1994/laureates/physics_prizes/nobel.org.nobelprizewww

Bertram Neville Brockhouse, CC FRSC FRS (July 15, 1918 – October 13, 2003)[1] was a Canadian physicist. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics (1994, shared with Clifford Shull) "for pioneering contributions to the development of neutron scattering techniques for studies of condensed matter", in particular "for the development of neutron spectroscopy".[2][3][4]

Contents

  • Education and early life 1
  • Career and research 2
  • Awards and honours 3
  • References 4

Education and early life

Brockhouse was born in Lethbridge, Alberta, and was a graduate of the University of British Columbia (BA, 1947) and the University of Toronto (MA, 1948; Ph.D, 1950).[5][6]

Career and research

From 1950 to 1962, Brockhouse carried out research at Atomic Energy of Canada's Chalk River Nuclear Laboratory. Here he was joined by P. K. Iyengar, who is treated as the father of India's nuclear program.

In 1962, he became professor at McMaster University in Canada, where he remained until his retirement in 1984.

Awards and honours

Brockhouse was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) in 1965.[1] In 1982, Brockhouse was made an Officer of the Order of Canada and was promoted to Companion in 1995.

Brockhouse shared the 1994 Nobel Prize in Physics with American Clifford Shull of MIT [7] for developing neutron scattering techniques for studying condensed matter.

In October 2005, as part of the 75th anniversary of McMaster University's establishment in Hamilton, Ontario, a street on the University campus (University Avenue) was renamed to Brockhouse Way in honour of Brockhouse. The town of Deep River, Ontario has also named a street in his honour.

The Nobel Prize that Bertram Brockhouse won (shared with Clifford Shull) in 1994 was awarded after the longest ever waiting time (counting from the time when the award-winning research had been carried out).

In 1999 the Division of Condensed Matter and Materials Physics (DCMMP) and the Canadian Association of Physicists (CAP) created a medal in honour of Brockhouse. The medal is called the Brockhouse Medal and is awarded to recognize and encourage outstanding experimental or theoretical contributions to condensed matter and materials physics. This medal is awarded annually on the basis of outstanding experimental or theoretical contributions to condensed matter physics. An eligible candidate must have performed their research primarily with a Canadian Institution.

References

  1. ^ a b c  
  2. ^ science.ca profile of Bertram Brockhouse
  3. ^ Brockhouse biographical details from nobelprize.org
  4. ^ Office of the Governor General of Canada. Order of Canada citation. Queen's Printer for Canada. Retrieved 24 May 2010
  5. ^ Brockhouse, Bertram Neville (1950). The effect of stress and temperature upon the magnetic properties of ferromagnetic materials (PhD thesis). University of Toronto.  
  6. ^ "Brockhouse and the Nobel Prize - Canadian Neutron Beam Centre". neutron.nrc-cnrc.gc.ca. Retrieved 2008-06-02. 
  7. ^ "Clifford G. Shull, co-winner of 1994 Nobel Prize in physics, is dead at 85". MIT-News. Massachusetts Institute of Technology. 2001-04-02. Archived from the original on 2010-12-27. Retrieved 2010-12-27. Professor Shull shared the 1994 Nobel Prize with Professor Bertram S. Brockhouse of McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. 
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