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Beta Eridani

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Beta Eridani

β Eridani
Diagram showing star positions and boundaries of the Eridanus constellation and its surroundings

Location of β Eridani (circled)
Observation data
Epoch J2000.0      Equinox J2000.0 (ICRS)
Constellation Eridanus
Right ascension 05h 07m 50.98549s[1]
Declination −05° 05′ 11.2055″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 2.796[2]
Characteristics
Spectral type A3 III var[3]
U−B color index +0.124[2]
B−V color index +0.110[2]
R−I color index +0.08[4]
Astrometry
Radial velocity (Rv) –3.6[5] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: -82.82[1] mas/yr
Dec.: -75.39[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π) 36.50 ± 0.42[1] mas
Distance 89 ± 1 ly
(27.4 ± 0.3 pc)
Details
Mass 2.0[6] M
Radius 2.4[6] R
Luminosity 25[6] L
Surface gravity (log g) 3.58[5] cgs
Temperature 8,104[5] K
Metallicity [Fe/H] –0.4[7] dex
Rotational velocity (v sin i) 196[3] km/s
Other designations
Cursa, Dhalim,[8] Kursa,[9] β Eri, Beta Eridani, Beta Eri, 67 Eridani, 67 Eri, BD−05 1162, CCDM J05079-0506A, FK5 188, GC 6274, GJ 9175, HD 33111, HIP 23875, HR 1666, IDS 05030-0513 A, PPM 187729, SAO 131794, WDS 05078-0505A.[10]

Beta Eridani (Beta Eri, β Eridani, β Eri) is the second brightest star in the constellation of Eridanus, located in the northeast end of this constellation near the shared border with Orion. It has the traditional names Cursa.[4][11] The apparent visual magnitude of this star is 2.796,[2] so it can be viewed with the naked eye in dark skies. Parallax measurements yield an estimated distance of about 89 light-years (27 parsecs) from the Earth.[1]

Contents

  • Properties 1
  • Etymology 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4

Properties

β Eridani has a spectral type of A3 III,[3] with the III luminosity class indicating this is a giant star that has consumed the hydrogen at its core and evolved away from the main sequence. The effective temperature of the outer envelope is about 8,104 K,[5] which gives the star a white hue typical of A-type stars.[12] The projected rotational velocity is a rapid 196 km s–1,[3] compared to 2 km s–1 along the Sun's equator.[13] The star is known to vary in apparent visual magnitude, ranging between 2.72 and 2.80.[14] A particularly strong flare up was reported in 1985.[11][15]

The location and trajectory of this star suggest that it is a member of the Ursa Major supergroup, an association of stars that share a common origin and motion though space. However, its photometric properties indicate that it may instead be an interloper.[5] Beta Eridani has an optical companion star with an apparent magnitude 10.90 at an angular separation of 120 arcseconds and a position angle of 148°.[16] It has the catalogue identifier CCDM J05079-0506B.[17]

Etymology

The term Cursa is derived from Al Kursiyy al Jauzah, "the Chair (or "Footstool") of the Central One". This is the name of star association consisting this star, along with λ Eri, ψ Eri and τ Ori.[8]

According to the catalogue of stars in the Technical Memorandum 33-507 - A Reduced Star Catalog Containing 537 Named Stars, Al Kursiyy al Jauzah were the title for three stars :β Eri as Cursa, ψ Eridani as Al Kursiyy al Jauzah I and λ Eridani as Al Kursiyy al Jauzah II (exclude τ Orionis)[18]

In Chinese, 玉井 (Yù Jǐng), meaning Jade Well, refers to an asterism consisting of β Eridani, λ Eridani, ψ Eridani and τ Orionis.[19] Consequently, β Eridani itself is known as 玉井三 (Yù Jǐng sān, English: the Third Star of Jade Well.).[20] From this Chinese name, the name Yuh Tsing was appeared.[8]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f van Leeuwen, F. (November 2007), "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction", Astronomy and Astrophysics 474 (2): 653–664,  
  2. ^ a b c d Cousins, A. W. J. (1984), "Standardization of Broadband Photometry of Equatorial Standards", South African Astronomical Observatory Circulars 8: 59,  
  3. ^ a b c d Royer, F. et al. (October 2002), "Rotational velocities of A-type stars in the northern hemisphere. II. Measurement of v sin i", Astronomy and Astrophysics 393: 897–911,  
  4. ^ a b HR 1666, database entry, The Bright Star Catalogue, 5th Revised Ed. (Preliminary Version), D. Hoffleit and W. H. Warren, Jr., CDS ID V/50. Accessed on line September 17, 2008.
  5. ^ a b c d e King, Jeremy R. et al. (April 2003), "Stellar Kinematic Groups. II. A Reexamination of the Membership, Activity, and Age of the Ursa Major Group", The Astronomical Journal 125 (4): 1980–2017,  
  6. ^ a b c Malagnini, M. L.; Morossi, C. (November 1990), "Accurate absolute luminosities, effective temperatures, radii, masses and surface gravities for a selected sample of field stars", Astronomy and Astrophysics Supplement Series 85 (3): 1015–1019,  
  7. ^ Kamp, I.; Hempel, M.; Holweger, H. (June 2002), "Do dusty A stars exhibit accretion signatures in their photospheres?", Astronomy and Astrophysics 388: 978–984,  
  8. ^ a b c  
  9. ^ Moore, Patrick (2006), The amateur astronomer, Patrick Moore's Practical Astronomy Series (12th ed.), Birkhäuser, p. 200,  
  10. ^ "bet Eri -- Variable Star", SIMBAD (Centre de Données astronomiques de Strasbourg), retrieved 2012-01-10 
  11. ^ a b Kaler, James B., "Cursa (Beta Eridani)", Stars (University of Illinois), retrieved 2012-01-10 
  12. ^ "The Colour of Stars", Australia Telescope, Outreach and Education (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation), December 21, 2004, retrieved 2012-01-16 
  13. ^ Unsöld, Albrecht; Baschek, B. (2001), The new cosmos: an introduction to astronomy and astrophysics (5th ed.), Springer, p. 167,  
  14. ^ NSV 1841, database entry, New Catalogue of Suspected Variable Stars, the improved version, Sternberg Astronomical Institute, Moscow, Russia. Accessed on line September 17, 2008.
  15. ^ Brunner, B. H. (June 1985), "A Flare of Beta-Eridani", Sky and Telescope 69 (6): 484,  
  16. ^ Mason, B. D.; Wycoff, G. L.; Hartkopf, W. I.; Douglass, G. G.; Worley, C. E. (November 2011), "The Washington Visual Double Star Catalog (Mason+ 2001-2011)", VizieR On-line Data Catalog: B/wds. Originally published in: 2001AJ....122.3466M,  
  17. ^ BD-05 1162B -- Star in double system, database entry, SIMBAD. Accessed on line September 17, 2008.
  18. ^ , Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology; November 15, 1971Technical Memorandum 33-507-A Reduced Star Catalog Containing 537 Named StarsJack W. Rhoads -
  19. ^ (Chinese) 中國星座神話, written by 陳久金. Published by 台灣書房出版有限公司, 2005, ISBN 978-986-7332-25-7.
  20. ^ (Chinese) 香港太空館 - 研究資源 - 亮星中英對照表, Hong Kong Space Museum. Accessed on line November 23, 2010.
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