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Bird hybrid

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Bird hybrid

A bird hybrid is a bird that has two different species as parents. The resulting bird can present with any combination of characters from the parent species, from totally identical to completely different. Usually, the bird hybrid shows intermediate characteristics between the two species. A “successful” hybrid is one demonstrated to produce fertile offspring.

Recognition

The description of bird hybrids results from observations in nature combined with those obtained in captivity such as in zoos per example.

Examples sorted taxonomically

A hybrid between a Canada goose and a domestic goose.
A mule, a hybrid between a domestic canary and a goldfinch.
see main article hybridisation in gulls
see main article Hybridisation in shorebirds and Cox's sandpiper
interspecific hybrids:
Eudyptes chrysolophus (macaroni penguin) X Eudyptes .sp (rockhopper penguin) X Eudyptes schlegeli (royal penguin) commonly known as the 'machopper penguin'
Aptenodytes patagonicus (king penguin) X Aptenodytes forsteri (emperor penguin) commonly named the 'kingemperor' hybrid penguin.
Eudyptes chrysolophus (macaroni penguin) X Eudyptes .sp (rockhopper penguin) commonly known as the 'machopper penguin'
  • Stork hybrid, including
interspecific hybrids:
Ciconia nigra (black stork) X Ciconia ciconia (white stork)
A probable galah x little corella hybrid. This is an example of intergeneric hybridization in parrots. Note that the width between bars is unsafe for a bird this size.
e.g.
  • Parrot hybrids, including
interfamilial hybrids:
Neophema chrysostoma (blue-winged parrot) X Nymphicus hollandicus (cockatiel)
Inter-familial hybridization in birds is generally unheard of.
intergeneric hybrids:
e.g.
Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus (hyacinth macaw) X Ara ararauna (blue-and-yellow macaw) commonly known as the 'caloshua' hybrid macaw ;
Eolophus roseicapillus (rose-breasted or galah cockatoo) X Nymphicus hollandicus (cockatiel) commonly named the 'galahtiel' or 'galatiel' hybrid cockatoo
Eolophus roseicapillus (rose-breasted or galah cockatoo) X Cacatua galerita (sulphur-crested cockatoo) hybrid cockatoo.
Eolophus roseicapillus (rose-breasted or galah cockatoo) X LicmetisSpp. (corella) Sometimes referred to as "garella", occurs occasionally in the wild.
Platycercus eximius (easterned or golden-mantled rosella) X Psephotus haematonotus (red-rumped parakeet).
interspecific hybrids:
e.g.
Amazona ochrocephala (yellow-crowned amazon) X A. auropalliata (yellow-naped amazon) ;
Ara ararauna (blue and gold macaw) X A. macao (scarlet macaw) commonly known as either the 'catalina' (worldwide) or the 'rainbow' (primarily in Australia) hybrid macaw ;
Aratinga jandaya (jenday conure) X A. solstitialis (sun conure) commonly known as the 'sun-day' hybrid conure.
intraspecific hybrids:
e.g.
Eclectus roratus solomonensis (Solomon Island's eclectus) X E. r. vosmaeri (Vosmaeri's eclectus) commonly known as the 'solo-vos' eclectus,
Psittacula krameri krameri (African ringnecked parakeet) X P. k. manillensis (Indian ringnecked parakeet, a common feral species in parts of Europe)
  • Birds of paradise include several examples of both intraspecific and interspecific hybridisation.

Topics related to speciation

External links

  • An introduction to Speciation: Speciation and Hybridization
  • A Bird Hybrids Database (Search by name of bird) is available online for free. As of April 3rd 2010, it contains 3,169 unique Bird Hybrids from 2,035 references. The English nomenclature used for the database is Sibley's or Howard's. The references are available by clicking on the bird hybrid name. http://www.bird-hybrids.com/engine.php?LA=en
  • Bird Hybrids Mailing List - http://www.bird-hybrids.com/Mailing_list_en.php
  • The World's first Nymphicus hollandicus (cockatiel parakeet) X Eolophus roseicapillus (rose-breasted aka galah cockatoo) inter-generic hybrid: http://www.talkingbirds.com.au/galatiel.php
  • Scarlet-chest parrot breeds with princess parrot: http://www.talkingbirds.com.au/worldfirst.php
  • http://www.birds.cornell.edu/crows/domgeese.htm
  • Images and descriptions of hybrid macaws: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/birds/macaws/information/hybrid.htm
  • http://www.molyworld.net/aa/cross21a.htm
  • http://www.ringneckdove.com/Wilmer's%20WebPage/pigeon_dove_hybrids.htm
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