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Title: Bizzaria  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Florentine citron, Citrus, Citrus wintersii, Citrus inodora, Citrus latipes
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


The Florentine Bizzaria
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Rutaceae
Genus: Citrus
Species: C. medica + C. aurantium
Citrus aurantium bizzarria. Drawing; A.Poiteau 1811, watercolor; D.Del Pino 1821

The Bizzaria of Florence (citrus medica + citrus aurantium), which is probably the first graft chimera obtained, is a graft between the Florentine citron and sour orange.

It produces branches of regular Florentine citron including such leaves, and from the other side branches of sour orange. The most interesting part of it is the middle shoot, which mixes characteristics of both. The fruit contains characteristics of both citron and orange.

This is not like a regular somatic hybrid which is due to plant sexuality; its offspring is intermediate showing influences of both parents. But the Florentine Bizzaria, named after its origin, shows an unusual fruit which has both characteristics distinctly expressed in close proximity.

The plant's name has a number of different spellings, e.g. Bizaria,[1] Bizzarria,[2] Bizarria,[3] and even Bizarre.[4]


The Bizzaria was discovered in 1640 by Pietro Nati at the Villa named Torre degli Agli, which belonged to the wealthy Panciatichi banking family. The Bizzaria was thought to be lost when it was rediscovered in year 1970s by Paolo Galleotti, the head gardener of the Villa di Castello and of The Boboli Gardens in Florence.[5]

See also


  1. ^ Traite des Plantes
    • Histoire naturelle des végétaux
  2. ^
  3. ^ The Cultivated Orange
    • Mutation Breeding
    • The Journal of Heredity
    • The Beginning of Plant Hybridization
  4. ^ Gardens of Florence
    • Around the David
  5. ^

External links

  • The Bizzaria Story
  • Hereditary Journal
  • The Citrus Industry
  • Charles Darwin about the Bizzaria
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