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Blackburn Mercury

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Title: Blackburn Mercury  
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Subject: Mercury, Blackburn Aircraft, 1911 in aviation, Yorkshire Air Museum, List of aircraft (B), Daily Mail Circuit of Britain Air Race, Blackburn Type D
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Blackburn Mercury

Replica at the Yorkshire Air Museum
Role Trainer
Manufacturer Blackburn Aeroplane Company
Designer Robert Blackburn
First flight 17 May 1911
Number built 9
Developed from Blackburn Second Monoplane

The Blackburn Mercury was an early British aircraft designed as a pilot trainer for the Blackburn Flying School, Filey, in 1911. It was an enlarged, two-seat version of the Second Monoplane that flew earlier that year. It was a mid-wing monoplane of conventional configuration that accommodated pilot and student in tandem, open cockpits. This prototype was displayed at the Olympia Aero Show in March 1911 and led to orders being placed for two racers to participate in the Daily Mail Circuit of Britain race. The first of these crashed on take-off, and the second was first rebuilt into a two-seat trainer, then into a single-seat trainer known as the Type B.[1] Another six Mercuries were built for various private buyers.

A full-scale non-flying replica of Mercury II configuration was constructed for the Yorkshire Television series Flambards and is now displayed at the Yorkshire Air Museum.


  • Mercury I - two-seat prototype powered by Isaacson engine (1 built)
  • Mercury II - single-seat racer version with Gnome rotary engine (2 built)
    • Type B - one Mercury II converted to single-seat trainer
  • Mercury III or Mercury Passenger Type - (6 built) two seaters powered by a variety of Isaacson, Gnome, Renault and Anzani engines

Specifications (Mercury I)

Data from Jackson 1968, p.71

General characteristics
  • Crew: 2, pilot and student
  • Length: 33 ft 0 in (10.06 m)
  • Wingspan: 38 ft 4 in (11.69 m)
  • Height: 6 ft 9 in (2.06 m)
  • Wing area: 288 ft² (26.8 m²)
  • Loaded weight: 1,000 lb (454 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Isaacson seven cylinder air cooled radial engine, 50 hp (37 kW)




  • Yorkshire Air Museum website
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