World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Bob Lemon

Article Id: WHEBN0000541631
Reproduction Date:

Title: Bob Lemon  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Bob Feller, Cleveland Indians, Early Wynn, Billy Pierce, Sporting News Pitcher of the Year Award
Collection: 1920 Births, 2000 Deaths, American League All-Stars, American League Strikeout Champions, American League Wins Champions, American Sportsmen, Atlanta Braves Scouts, Baltimore Orioles (Il) Players, Baseball Players from California, California Angels Coaches, Chicago White Sox Managers, Cleveland Indians Coaches, Cleveland Indians Players, Cleveland Indians Scouts, Hawaii Islanders Managers, Kansas City Royals Coaches, Kansas City Royals Managers, Major League Baseball Managers, Major League Baseball Pitchers, Major League Baseball Pitching Coaches, Major League Baseball Players with Retired Numbers, Minor League Baseball Managers, National Baseball Hall of Fame Inductees, New Orleans Pelicans (Baseball) Players, New York Yankees Coaches, New York Yankees Managers, New York Yankees Scouts, Oswego Netherlands Players, Philadelphia Phillies Coaches, San Diego Padres (Minor League) Players, Sportspeople from Long Beach, California, Springfield Indians (Baseball) Players, Wilkes-Barre Barons (Baseball) Players
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Bob Lemon

Bob Lemon
Lemon during his playing career with Cleveland
Pitcher / Manager
Born: (1920-09-22)September 22, 1920
San Bernardino, California
Died: January 11, 2000(2000-01-11) (aged 79)
Long Beach, California
Batted: Left Threw: Right
MLB debut
September 9, 1941, for the Cleveland Indians
Last MLB appearance
July 1, 1958, for the Cleveland Indians
MLB statistics
Win–loss record 207–128
Earned run average 3.23
Strikeouts 1,277
Games managed 833
Win–loss record 430–403
Winning % .516

As player

As manager

Career highlights and awards
Member of the National
Baseball Hall of Fame
Inducted 1976
Vote 78.61% (twelfth ballot)

Robert Granville "Bob" Lemon (September 22, 1920 – January 11, 2000) was an American right-handed pitcher and manager in Major League Baseball (MLB). Lemon was elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame as a player in 1976.

Lemon was raised in utility player in 1941. He then joined the United States Navy during World War II and returned to the Indians in 1946. That season was the first Lemon would play at the pitcher position.

The Indians played in the 1948 World Series and were helped by Lemon's two pitching wins as they won the club's first championship since 1920. In the early 1950s, Cleveland had a starting pitching rotation which included Lemon, Bob Feller, Mike Garcia and Early Wynn. During the 1954 season, Lemon had a career-best 23–7 win–loss record and the Indians set a 154-game season AL-record win mark when they won 111 games before they won the American League (AL) pennant. He was an All-Star for seven consecutive seasons and recorded seven seasons of 20 or more pitching wins in a nine-year period from 1948–1956.

Lemon was a manager with the Kansas City Royals, Chicago White Sox and New York Yankees. He was named Manager of the Year with the White Sox and Yankees. In 1978, he was fired as manager of the White Sox. He was named Yankees manager one month later and he led the team to a 1978 World Series title. Lemon became the first AL manager to win a World Series after assuming the managerial role in the middle of a season.


  • Early life 1
  • Major League career 2
    • Making it as a utility player 2.1
    • Full-time pitcher to World Series champion 2.2
    • Second World Series appearance 2.3
    • Retirement 2.4
  • Post-playing career 3
    • Coaching 3.1
    • Managing 3.2
      • Kansas City Royals 3.2.1
      • Chicago White Sox 3.2.2
      • New York Yankees 3.2.3
      • Second stint with Yankees 3.2.4
      • Managerial record 3.2.5
  • Highlights and awards 4
  • Death 5
  • See also 6
  • Notes 7
  • External links 8

Early life

Bob Lemon was born in San Bernardino, California. Lemon's father, Earl Lemon, ran an ice business and later moved the family to Long Beach, California. There, Lemon attended Wilson Classical High School and played shortstop on the school's baseball team.[1] He was recognized as the state baseball player of the year by the California Interscholastic Federation (CIF) Southern Section in 1938.[2]

Later that same year, at the age of 17, Lemon began his professional baseball career in the farm system of the Cleveland Indians as a member of the Oswego Netherlands of the Canadian-American League and later that year, the Middle Atlantic League's Springfield Indians. In 75 games with the Netherlands he recorded a .312 batting average. The following season he played 80 games with Springfield, and hit .293, and then joined the New Orleans Pelicans of the Southern Association, where Lemon hit .309. He spent the next two seasons at the Class A level with the Eastern League's Wilkes-Barre Barons as he hit .255 in 1940 and .301 in 1941. In his final stint in the minors, Lemon hit .268 with 21 home runs for the 1942 Baltimore Orioles of the International League.[3]

Major League career

Making it as a utility player

Lemon's major league debut came as a third baseman as a late season call-up on September 9, 1941.[4] He appeared in five games and collected one hit in five plate appearances.[5] He was joined by catcher and fellow rookie Jim Hegan.[6]:p.109 He repeated the same number of games in the 1942 season and failed to record a hit.[7] Lemon served in the United States Navy during World War II and missed the next three seasons.[8] Before leaving for tour duty in 1943, Lemon married Jane McGee.[1][9]

Lemon was the Indians' center fielder for Opening Day in 1946. On April 30, Indians pitcher Bob Feller no-hit the New York Yankees; Feller later wrote that Lemon's "daring catch" and "throwing to and doubling a man off second base" were key in "saving my" no-hitter.[10] By season's end, however, Lemon had entered more games as a pitcher than a utility player.[9] Before that season, Lemon had only pitched one inning while with Oswego and another while with Wilkes-Barre. Birdie Tebbetts of the Detroit Tigers and Johnny Pesky of the Boston Red Sox had played against Lemon in Navy baseball games, and they spoke to Indians player-manager Lou Boudreau about switching Lemon from the outfield to the pitching mound.[1][11]

Boudreau discussed the potential move to pitcher with Yankees catcher Bill Dickey, who had also played in the Navy with Lemon. "I knew Lemon had a strong arm, and once I realized he was not going to hit with consistency as an outfielder, I thought it would be worthwhile to look at him as a pitcher," Boudreau later wrote.[12]:p.86 Lemon resisted the idea at first, but he agreed to the change after he learned that his salary could be higher as a pitcher. Lemon credited Indians coach Bill McKechnie with helping him to adjust to his new position.[12]:p.93[13][14] Indians pitching coach Mel Harder taught Lemon how to throw a slider, a key pitch in his repertoire.[15]:p.38 That same year, Indians owner Bill Veeck said that Lemon "some day will become the best pitcher in the American League."[16] Lemon finished the 1946 season with a losing record (4–5), the only one he would have until 1957, and a career-low 2.49 ERA.[7] He followed up his inaugural season as a pitcher with an 11–5 record. He appeared in 19 games before August, largely as a relief pitcher, but he made his first start in July against the Boston Red Sox.[11] During the last two months of the season, Lemon went 9–3 and pitched six complete games, including two 11-inning outings.[17]

Full-time pitcher to World Series champion

Before the 1948 season started, team president Bill Veeck doubled Lemon's contract amount.[18] It would be Lemon's first full season as a pitcher.[19] Lemon was the Indians' number-two pitcher in the starting rotation, behind Bob Feller.[20] On June 30, 1948, Lemon pitched a no-hitter against the Detroit Tigers in a 2–0 win, earning his 11th win and fifth shutout of the season. He became the ninth Indians pitcher to record a no-hitter and ended the season with an AL-best 20 complete games. His ten shutouts on the season were the most in the majors.[7][21][22] Lemon would go on to win the 1948 AL Pitcher of the Year Award. With three games remaining in the regular season, 20-game winner Lemon started the first game of their final series against Detroit. Lemon allowed three runs on seven hits and the Indians lost the game. Cleveland lost two games of the three-game series, forcing a one-game playoff with the Boston Red Sox.[23][24][25] Speculation built up around which Indians pitcher Boudreau would send to the mound against the Red Sox on October 4; the choices were largely narrowed down to Lemon and Satchel Paige. Lemon was listed as Cleveland's "probable pitcher" by United Press International in morning newspapers the day of the game, even though he would be working on two days of rest.[26] Instead, Boudreau went with Gene Bearden, who would be pitching on one day of rest, and the choice was solidified when veteran second baseman Joe Gordon spoke up in support of Boudreau at a team meeting.[27][28] The Indians won the game at Fenway Park by a score of 8–3 and prepared to face the Boston Braves in the World Series.

Boudreau started Feller in game one, which Cleveland lost. Lemon was the starter in the second game.[29] Lemon faced Warren Spahn, and Cleveland won 4–1. Lemon was named the starter for game six in Boston with the Indians leading the series 3–2. He allowed three earned runs on eight hits and Cleveland had the lead when Lemon was replaced by Bearden. The Braves scored two runs in the bottom of the eighth inning but the Indians won the game, 4–3, to clinch the franchise's first World Series title since 1920.[30] Lemon was the only pitcher from either club to win two games in the Series. He finished the Series with a 1.65 ERA.[29]

Lemon's hitting skills began to get attention as well. By August 1949, Lemon was batting .295 with 11 extra-base hits and six home runs, prompting Yankees manager Casey Stengel to comment, "Well, I see where the Indians have nine hitters in the lineup instead of eight."[31] Columnist Milton Richman wrote, "Lemon's fine work at the plate has also conspired to tire him more. When the Indians get behind and Lemon is pitching, he rarely is yanked for a pinch hitter in the early innings. It's a tough price he's paying for batting fame."[32] In 1950, Lemon led the major leagues in pitching wins (23) for the first time and he would win his second AL Pitcher of the Year Award. He pitched a six-hit complete game over the Detroit Tigers in his last start of the season on September 29.[33] When Lemon signed a new contract before the 1951 season, the Indians made him the highest paid pitcher in baseball.[34] At the beginning of the 1951 season, columnist Oscar Fraley pointed out that Lemon was one of only 12 active pitchers who had earned a winning record in four consecutive seasons.[35] He finished the season with a 3.52 ERA, lower than the 1950 season mark of 3.84 when he led the majors with 23 wins, and a 17–14 record. The loss total was the most in the AL.[7] He did not record his first shutout of the season until well into August, when he earned a three-hit win over the Chicago White Sox.[36] Upon completion of the 1952 season, Lemon recorded the second-lowest ERA of his career, 2.50, and went 22–11. His 28 complete games were a career-high and led the AL. He joined teammates Early Wynn (23) and Mike Garcia (22) as part of a Cleveland starting rotation which featured three 20-game winners.[37]

On Opening Day of the 1953 season, Lemon pitched a one-hitter against the Chicago White Sox and earned a win.[38] He finished the season with a 21–15 record, 3.36 ERA and led the AL in innings pitched for the fourth and final time of his career.[7]

Second World Series appearance

In 1954 he was 23–7 and won his third AL Pitcher of the Year Award as Cleveland won the pennant. The Indians set an AL record with 111 wins. (The record stood until major league seasons were lengthened to 162 games, and it has been surpassed twice since then.)[39][40] Lemon was named Cleveland's starter for game one of the 1954 World Series. After nine innings, the Indians and Giants were tied 2–2. Lemon stayed in the game to pitch the tenth and final inning, but he surrendered a three-run home run to pinch hitter Dusty Rhodes and the Indians lost, 5–2. Indians manager Al Lopez went with Lemon again in the fourth game after only two days rest. "He hasn't worked that close together all year because we had a good bunch of other pitchers, but a year ago, he and Wynn and Garcia pitched every third day for practically a month. Bob will be all right," Lopez said.[41] Lemon and the Indians lost the game, 7–4, as the Giants swept the Series four games to none. In his two appearances, he went 0–2 with a 6.75 ERA, allowed eight walks and recorded 11 strikeouts.[42]

Lemon began the 1955 season with a 5–0 record in April, but he was the only Cleveland starting pitcher with a winning record that month.[43][44] His 18 wins tied for the most in the AL that year.[7] He recorded five complete games through May 30 but none after that date. Indians general manager

Awards and achievements
Preceded by
Bill McCahan
No-hitter pitcher
June 30, 1948
Succeeded by
Rex Barney
  • Bob Lemon at the Baseball Hall of Fame
  • Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or The Baseball Cube, or Baseball-Reference (Minors)
  • Bob Lemon at Find a Grave
  • The Top 100 Greatest Indians Roster
  • 1954 Cleveland Indians season

External links

  1. ^ a b c Martin, Johnny (April 6, 1951). "My Favorite Big League Ball Player – Bob Lemon".  
  2. ^ Schipper, Bill (June 18, 1960). "Baseball Knows No Sympathy" (PDF). The Torrance Herald ( p. 8. Retrieved September 9, 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "Bob Lemon Minor League Statistics & History".  
  4. ^ Bradham, Kelly (June 11, 1978). "Bob Lemon recounts glory years of Tribe". The Nevada Herald. p. 8. Retrieved September 1, 2012. 
  5. ^ "Bob Lemon 1941 Batting Gamelogs".  
  6. ^ Dickson, Paul (2012). Bill Veeck: Baseball's Greatest Maverick. New York, NY: Walker Publishing Company.  
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Bob Lemon Statistics and History".  
  8. ^ Moore, Roger (June 14, 1970). "Royals Manager Once A Flop As Major League Outfielder".  
  9. ^ a b Koppett, Leonard (July 27, 1978). "Bob Lemon: No One Has A Bad Word About Him".  
  10. ^ a b Feller, Bob; Rocks, Burton (2001). Bob Feller's Little Black Book of Baseball Wisdom. Chicago, IL: Contemporary Books. p. 40.  
  11. ^ a b Lemon, Bob (July 21, 1956). "Pitching Tips".  
  12. ^ a b Boudreau, Lou; Schneider, Russell (1993). Lou Boudreau: Covering All the Bases. Chicago, IL: Sagamore Publishing.  
  13. ^ "Hall of Famer Boudreau Dies".  
  14. ^ "Rival Deserves Assist on Lemon; Southworth Glad to Leave Home".  
  15. ^ a b James, Bill; Neyer, Rob (2004). The Neyer/James Guide to Pitchers: An Historical Compendium of Pitching, Pitchers, and Pitches. New York, NY: Fireside.  
  16. ^ Reichler, Joe (July 1, 1948). "Veeck Prophesied Lemon Would Top League Pitchers".  
  17. ^ "Bob Lemon 1947 Pitching Gamelogs".  
  18. ^ "Bob Lemon Signs 1948 Tribe Contract".  
  19. ^ a b c "Indians recognize team which won 1948 Series".  
  20. ^ Reichler, Joe (May 26, 1948). "Bob Lemon Sweet Find For Indians".  
  21. ^ "Bob Lemon Hurls No-Hitter For Indians, Humbles Detroit Team To Record 11th Win".  
  22. ^ a b "Bob Lemon has a good track record".  
  23. ^ "1948 Cleveland Indians – Schedule, Box Scores and Splits".  
  24. ^ "October 1, 1948 Detroit Tigers at Cleveland Indians Play by Play and Box Score".  
  25. ^ Rhoden, Ralph (October 1, 1948). "Bob Lemon Hurls Today for Tribe; Yanks, Bosox Win".  
  26. ^ "American League Race Ends In Deadlock For First Time In History".  
  27. ^ Richman, Milton (April 29, 1976). "Gene Bearden Rather Talk About Songwriting".  
  28. ^ Richman, Milton (January 22, 1970). "Boudreau Recalls Days Of Action".  
  29. ^ a b "1948 World Series – Cleveland Indians Over Boston Braves (4–2)".  
  30. ^ "October 11, 1948 World Series Game 6, Indians at Braves".  
  31. ^ Richman, Milton (August 7, 1949). "Bob Lemon Is Demon At Plate".  
  32. ^ Richman, Milton (September 17, 1950). "Bob Lemon Can't Win No. 20 Because He's Just Plain Tired". The Sunday Star (Wilmington, DE). United Press International. p. 24. Retrieved September 2, 2012. 
  33. ^ "Indians Clip Tigers Behind Lemon, 12 to 2".  
  34. ^ "Indians To Sign Lemon".  
  35. ^ Fraley, Oscar (April 7, 1951). "Pitching Power Big Problem In Majors".  
  36. ^ "Mitchell Booms Pair; Indians Cuff Sox".  
  37. ^ "1952 American League Pitching Leaders".  
  38. ^ Phlegar, Ben (May 6, 1954). "Lemon off to good start sixth 20-game season".  
  39. ^ "American League Team Win Totals".  
  40. ^ "Indians History Overview: The Glory Years".  
  41. ^ "Dejected Lopez Puts Faith in Bob Lemon For Fourth Game".  
  42. ^ "Bob Lemon Pitching Statistics & History".  
  43. ^ Lundquist, Carl (April 27, 1955). "Lemon Off To Brilliant Start For Cleveland Indians".  
  44. ^ "Bob Lemon 1955 Pitching Gamelogs".  
  45. ^ "Bob Lemon Will Be After 200-victory Mark In 1956".  
  46. ^ "Lemon Wins 200th, Beats Orioles 3 to 1".  
  47. ^ "Tribe's Lemon Out For Year".  
  48. ^ "Indians Send Bob Lemon To San Diego".  
  49. ^ "Bob Lemon 1958 Pitching Gamelogs".  
  50. ^ "Cleveland Indians Ask For Waivers On Bob Lemon".  
  51. ^ "Bob Lemon Announces Retirement: Young Fellows Just Too Fast".  
  52. ^ a b c d e f g h i Gallagher, Mark (2003). Susan M. McKinney, ed. The Yankees Encyclopedia (Sixth ed.). Champaign, IL: Sports Publishing.  
  53. ^ Williams, Ted, and John Underwood. My Turn at Bat: The Story of My Life. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster, 1969. Updated 'Fireside' edition 1988 p. 92 ISBN 0-671-63423-2
  54. ^ Williams, Ted; Underwood, John (June 17, 1968). "Smooth and Stormy Seasons – Part 2: Hitting Was My Life".  
  55. ^ "Fame renews ink of premier pitchers Lemon and Roberts".  
  56. ^ "Bob Lemon's Mom Can Die Happy".  
  57. ^ "Roberts, Lemon All-Star Captains".  
  58. ^ "1966 Pacific Coast League season".  
  59. ^ "Bob Lemon Honored as Manager of Year".  
  60. ^ "Bob Lemon Makes Good Boss".  
  61. ^ Blount, Jr., Roy (June 22, 1970). "Tale of the Derailed Metro".  
  62. ^ "Metro Fired, Lemon Named".  
  63. ^ "KC Royals Rehire Lemon".  
  64. ^ "Ex-Expo Williams named AL Manager of Year".  
  65. ^ Moore, Roger (March 21, 1972). "Lemon high On Royals Outlook".  
  66. ^ "Lemon fired, McKeon gets job".  
  67. ^ "McKeon Named To Guide Royals".  
  68. ^ "'"Royals Blast Firing Of 'Super Manager.  
  69. ^ a b "White Sox Name Lemon Manager".  
  70. ^ "1976 Chicago White Sox".  
  71. ^ "Chicago's Bob Lemon predicts surprises".  
  72. ^ Gammons, Peter (May 16, 1977). "Old Uniforms, New Sox".  
  73. ^ "Chicago's Bob Lemon named AL's top manager".  
  74. ^ "Veeck Hopes Doby Is No Lemon".  
  75. ^ Madden, Bill (October 10, 1978). "Bob Lemon Still In A Daze About NY's Great Comeback".  
  76. ^ Goldstein, Richard (January 13, 2000). "Bob Lemon, 79, a Hall of Fame pitcher, Dies".  
  77. ^ "Bob Lemon Is AL Manager Of The Year".  
  78. ^ a b Richman, Milton (June 19, 1981). "As usual, Lemon goes gracefully".  
  79. ^ "Lemon May Manage Cleveland Indians". Frederick Daily Leader. United Press International. July 1, 1979. p. 1B. Retrieved September 7, 2012. 
  80. ^ "Bob Lemon Named Yankees' Manager".  
  81. ^ a b Wulf, Steve (May 10, 1982). "This Time George Went Overboard".  
  82. ^ a b c d e "Bob Lemon". Baseball Reference. Sports Reference. Retrieved September 24, 2015. 
  83. ^ "Indians Retired Numbers".  


See also

Lemon suffered a stroke in his later years.[19] Lemon died in 2000 in Long Beach, California, where he had been a permanent resident since his career as a player. Former teammate Bob Feller said, "Bob had a good curve, a good slider, and a vicious sinker pitch. He wasn't overly fast, but he always stayed ahead of the hitters and he didn't walk many batters, which is the key to success in the majors. When Bob passed away in 2000, it saddened me deeply."[10]


  • All-Star (1948, 1949, 1950, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1954)[7]
  • 7× 20-plus wins in a season (1948–1950, 1952–1954, 1956)
  • 5× AL leader in complete games (1948, 1950, 1952, 1954, 1956)
  • Led MLB in shutouts (10, 1948)
  • 5× led MLB or AL in putouts (1948–1949, 1952–1954)
  • 6× led MLB or AL in assists (1948–1949, 1951–1953, 1956)
  • 3× finished fifth in MVP voting (1948, 1950, 1954)
  • World Series Champion, player (1948)
  • Led AL in strikeouts (170, 1950)
  • 3x AL Pitcher of the Year Award (1948, 1950, 1954)
  • 2× MLB leader in wins (1950, 1954)
  • Major league record for pitcher 15 double plays in one season (1953)[22]
  • Led AL in wins (1955)
  • World Series Champion, manager (1978)
  • #21 number retired by Cleveland Indians[83]

Highlights and awards

Team From To Regular season record Post–season record Ref.
W L Win % W L Win %
Kansas City Royals 1970 1972 207 218 .487 [82]
Chicago White Sox 1977 1978 124 112 .525 [82]
New York Yankees 1978 1979 82 51 .617 7 3 .700 [82]
New York Yankees 1981 1982 17 22 .436 8 6 .571 [82]
Total 430 403 .516 15 9 .625

Managerial record

Steinbrenner named Lemon the team's field manager a second time on September 6, 1981, the sixth Yankees' manager change since 1978.[80] Lemon moved on to the post-season and dispatched the Milwaukee Brewers and the Billy Martin-led Oakland Athletics, and won the first two games of the 1981 World Series against the Dodgers, only to lose four straight and the Series. Lemon survived just a few weeks into the 1982 season (the Yankees were 6–8) before Steinbrenner dismissed him one last time, despite a promise for Steinbrenner he would manage the season "no matter what."[52]:p.295[81]:p.40 Of the agreement between Lemon and Steinbrenner, Steinbrenner said, "Lem and I talked. He said it was O.K. He said he didn't take it as a promise anyway."[81]:p.45 Gene Michael succeeded Lemon as manager. He had managed just over one full season of games (172) for the Yankees, winning 99 games for a .576 winning percentage.[82]

Second stint with Yankees

Lemon's 26-year-old son, Jerry, was killed in an automobile accident in the fall of 1978, 10 days after Lemon won the [78] The Yankees finished in fourth place in the AL East (89–71).[52]:p.292 Lemon worked as a scout for the Yankees and received "several offers" from other teams to serve as manager.[52]:p.295 One offer came in 1979 from the Indians, but Lemon refused it as well as the others.[79]

Ron Guidry was named the Yankees' starting pitcher for the October 2 playoff game at Fenway Park. Guidry was able to pitch "because of Lemon's good planning."[52]:p.295 The Yankees defeated Boston for the division title in the tie-breaker game, punctuated both by a dramatic three-run home run by Bucky Dent in the seventh inning, and an eighth-inning homer by Reggie Jackson that proved the game's winning run. Lemon became the third manager in MLB history to replace another mid-season and win the pennant.[52]:p.294 Lemon's Yankees then beat the Royals in the ALCS and defeated the Los Angeles Dodgers to win the World Series title. With the Series win, Lemon became the first AL manager and third MLB manager to take over a team mid-season and win a World Series. Before the World Series, one columnist wrote, "...many observers feel that Lemon's low-keyed approach with the Yankees' temperamental millionaires as compared to the combativeness of Martin served to mold a spirit of togetherness among the Yankees that did not even exist last year when they won it all."[75] Lemon and his handling of the season was described in The New York Times as "an island of calm in a stormy summer."[76] Changes Lemon made during the season included returning Thurman Munson to the team's every day catcher (he had been playing in the outfield), putting Jackson in the clean-up spot in the batting order and becoming the regular right fielder, and pitching Ed Figueroa every fourth day (instead of fifth).[52]:p.295 In October, Lemon was named the Associated Press' AL Manager of the Year, the second time he received such an award.[77]

Yankees manager Billy Martin resigned on July 24, 1978, and team president Al Rosen called Lemon to offer him the vacant position. He was announced as the new manager the next day. At their 1978 Old Timers Day five days after the Martin–Lemon changeover, the Yankees divulged that Lemon would be moved in 1980 to general manager, and they said that Martin would then return as field manager. The announcement was made by public-address announcer Bob Sheppard after the Old Timers had been announced and it was accompanied by Martin's dramatic entrance from the Yankee dugout. Martin received a long standing ovation from fans. Lemon responded to his new job—and to the newspaper strike that helped calm down the atmosphere in the Yankees clubhouse—by guiding the Yankees to the 1978 pennant. The Yankees, who trailed the Red Sox by 14 games at one point in July, pulled even with the Red Sox by defeating them in a four-game September series known as the "Boston Massacre."[52]:p.294 The Yankees pulled ahead by three and a half games, but the Red Sox rallied to tie the Yanks by the final day of the season. A one-game playoff would determine the AL Eastern Division winner.

New York Yankees

Lemon was fired the following season on June 30, 1978, by Veeck after Chicago posted a 34–40 record in the first half of the 1978 season. He was replaced by former Indians' teammate Larry Doby. "This change is not meant as any commentary on Lemon's ability but rather was the result of unusual circumstances which seemed to make a change necessary," said Veeck.[74]

Bill Veeck hired Lemon to succeed Paul Richards as the Chicago White Sox manager on November 16, 1976.[69] Lemon took over a Chicago team that finished in last place in the AL West in 1976.[70] "Bob is the type of manager we need at this stage of the game," Veeck said.[69] During spring training of 1977, Lemon said, "I think we'll surprise a few people."[71] White Sox shortstop Alan Bannister quickly noticed a difference. Comparing Richards to Lemon, Bannister said, "He'd post the lineups 10 minutes before the game, and only then we'd find out who was playing and where. Lemon's made it a serious operation."[72] As late as August 14, the White Sox were in first place in the AL West. The White Sox finished with a 90–72 record, a 26-game improvement. The team finished third in AL West and Lemon won his second Manager of the Year Award. "The fans got behind us after about three weeks. They had a lot to do with our success," Lemon said after being winning the award.[73]

Chicago White Sox

His third and final stint in the PCL was with the Sacramento Solons in 1974. His last minor league managerial position came the following season with the International League's Richmond Braves.[3]

In 1971, Lemon guided the Royals to their first winning season since the franchise began as an expansion team in 1969. Lemon finished second in the Associated Press AL Manager of the Year voting.[64] Before the 1972 season, Lemon talked about the team's chances, saying "Five clubs could win it, including ourselves."[65] However, the Royals finished 76–78 in Lemon's last year with the club.[66] Royals owner Ewing Kauffman fired Lemon as manager and stated that he wanted a younger person to fill the position and "did not want to lose Jack McKeon," who was named as Lemon's replacement.[67] Royals outfielder Lou Piniella was one of several players who disagreed with Kauffman's decision, saying, "...Lemon deserved to manage the club next year."[68]

"I know many major league owners are against hiring a former pitcher as manager and I've always wondered why. Pitching is 75 per cent of the game. If it's so important, why not have a former pitcher as manager? He can always have someone else run the other 25 per cent of the club."[63]

Lemon became pitching coach of the Royals for the 1970 season, and got his first major league managing position when the Kansas City fired manager Charlie Metro on June 7, 1970.[61][62] By August, Lemon received a one-year contract extension with the club:

Kansas City Royals

"Lopez always handled his players like I'd want to be handled. He treated men like men. He made them feel relaxed. That's the only way to play this being relaxed. You can't be worried about the manager getting on you. All the time I was at Cleveland, I saw Lopez get mad only twice. He never showed anybody up. I don't do it either."[60]

Lemon's first managerial role came with the Triple-A Hawaii Islanders of the PCL. His next appointment was in the same league with the Seattle Angels, where he managed from 1965–1966 and won the 1966 championship.[3][52]:p.295[58] He was named the PCL's Manager of the Year by The Sporting News for the 1966 season.[59] He returned to the PCL as the manager for the Vancouver Mounties for one season in 1969.[3] Lemon said he used Indians manager Al Lopez as a model for his managing style:


In 1959, Lemon became a scout for Cleveland. The next season he became a coach with the Indians. In 1961, he joined the All-Star Game.[57]


Post-playing career

On January 22, 1976, Lemon was elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame by the Baseball Writers Association of America on the twelfth ballot on which he appeared. He received 75 percent of the vote.[55] On August 8, one day before his induction ceremony, Lemon said, "It's a great thrill. My mother is 83 but she is making the trip from California. She says she can die happy now that I've been elected to the Hall of Fame."[56] Lemon's dominant slider has been cited as a key reason for his election to the Hall of Fame.[15]:p.38:p.278

[19] Lemon retired in 1958 with 207 wins, all but ten of them occurring in a ten-year span. He recorded 274 hits in 1,1883 at-bats (.232), and his 37 career home runs are second on the all-time career list for pitchers (behind

Bob Lemon's number 21 was retired by the Cleveland Indians in 1998.

At 38, Lemon went to Tucson in 1959 to attend Indians' spring training camp. He told manager Joe Gordon that he was willing to become a relief pitcher, but he retired as a player on March 5, stating, "I just couldn't keep up with the young fellows anymore."[51] He accepted a scouting role with the Indians.


In 1958, Lemon was the oldest Indian on the roster at age 37. Lemon pitched 3.1 innings over the span of two games before he was put on the Indians' disabled list and sent to the Triple-A San Diego Padres. There he continued physical conditioning and mentored the pitching staff of the Indians' top farm club.[48] He appeared in 12 games with the Padres, going 2–5, with a 4.34 ERA, 22 walks, and 19 strikeouts.[3] He returned to pitch for the Indians on May 25 in a relief role, but he appeared in only nine games that season.[49] He earned just one decision that year, a loss, which brought his career pitching record to 207–128.[7] The club put him on waivers in July.[50]

[7] Lemon ended the season with a record of 6–11, his first losing record since 1946.[47] On August 13, 1957, it was announced that Lemon would not finish the season due to continued irritation to his elbow after bone chips were found earlier in the season.[7] He finished the season with a 20–14 record, the last of his seven career 20-win seasons, and led the AL in complete games (21).[46] on September 11, 1956, and he also hit a home run that day.Baltimore Orioles Lemon earned his 200th career win against the [45]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.