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Bobby Keys

Bobby Keys
Keys performing in October 2009
Background information
Born (1943-12-18)December 18, 1943
Slaton, Texas, U.S.
Died December 2, 2014(2014-12-02) (aged 70)
Franklin, Tennessee, U.S.
Genres Rock, jazz
Occupation(s) Session musician
Instruments Tenor saxophone, alto saxophone, baritone saxophone
Years active 1956–2014
Associated acts Ringo Starr, Warren Zevon, Joe Cocker, Joe Ely, Sheryl Crow, John Lennon, Leon Russell, Plastic Ono Band, Harry Nilsson, Paul McCartney

Robert Henry "Bobby" Keys (December 18, 1943 – December 2, 2014) was an American saxophonist who performed with other musicians as a member of several Eric Clapton, Joe Cocker and other prominent musicians. Keys played on hundreds of recordings and was a touring musician from 1956 until his death in 2014.


  • Life and career 1
  • Personal life 2
  • Selected discography 3
  • References 4

Life and career

Keys was born at Lubbock Army Airfield near Slaton, Texas,[2][3] where his father, Bill Keys, was in the U.S. Army Air Corps. His mother, Lucy Keys, was 16 when she gave birth to Robert Henry (Bobby), her first child. By 1946, Bill Keys got a job for the Santa Fe Railroad in Belen, New Mexico. The family moved to Belen, New Mexico, but young Robert stayed with his grandparents in Slaton, Texas, an arrangement he was quite happy with. Bill and Lucy would have three more children, Gary and twins Debbie and Daryl. Lucy Keys went on to become a state senator in New Mexico.

Bobby Keys started touring at age fifteen with Bobby Vee and fellow Texan Buddy Holly.[4][5]

Keys met the Rolling Stones at the San Antonio Teen Fair in 1964. He is known for his impressive resume as a musician (his contributions include the saxophone solo on the 1971 hit "Brown Sugar") and his friendship with Keith Richards.[6] Keys and Richards share the exact same date of birth. There is a film of him and Richards throwing a television set from the 10th floor of a hotel during the 1972 American Tour, as seen in the Stones' unreleased 1972 concert movie Cocksucker Blues. Both Bobby Keys and Mick Taylor made their debuts with The Rolling Stones on the Let It Bleed track "Live With Me".

Keys and George Harrison.

The year 1970 was an extraordinary series of notable performances. Keys started the year working on Eric Clapton's first solo LP. With Leon Russell he supported Joe Cocker on the All Things Must Pass and more Sticky Fingers tracks, he joined the Rolling Stones for a European tour.

The 1971 concert movie Mad Dogs & Englishmen, is the filmed record of the 48 cities American tour undertaken in 1970 by the young British blues and soul singer Joe Cocker and the largely American entourage (band, choir, friends, wives, children, groupies and a single dog named Canina) that accompanied him. The entire group numbered almost 40 people. Keys is heard on John Lennon's first American solo number 1 single hit (and the only United States number 1 in Lennon's lifetime) "Whatever Gets You thru the Night".

Keys' most famous contribution to rock history may be his roaring, lasciviously melodic solo on "Brown Sugar", from Sticky Fingers. He was also prominently featured on “Can't You Hear Me Knocking”, “Happy”, and other Stones songs. From 1973-75, Keys participated in Lennon's Lost Weekend in Los Angeles along with Ringo Starr, Harry Nilsson and Keith Moon. Keys had played with Lennon in the Plastic Ono Band and, while in Los Angeles, he played on Lennon's albums Walls and Bridges and Rock 'n' Roll. Additionally, he took part in the last known recording session between Paul McCartney and Lennon; A Toot and a Snore in '74.

In 1989, Keys became the musical director for Eric Clapton in 1972; and Gimme the Key on Ringo Starr's record label Ring O'Records in 1975.

Keys appeared on December 16, 2011, with the Let It Bleed, Sticky Fingers, and Exile on Main St.

In 2013 he played with the Rolling Stones at their Glastonbury Festival debut, headlining on Saturday, June 29.[7] Keys played on their 14 On Fire tour with Roskilde Festival in Denmark being his last ever gig for the Stones.

Personal life

Bobby Keys is survived by his wife of 30 years, Holly, three sons, Jesse, Randy, and Huck, one daughter Amber, and three grandchildren, Jordyn, Ashlyn, and Chauncy.

Keys died as a result of cirrhosis at his home in Franklin, Tennessee, on December 2, 2014.[8]

Selected discography

An eponymous solo album was released by Warner Bros. in 1972 He also appears on:


  1. ^ Huey, Steve. "Biography: Bobby Keys".  
  2. ^ Varga, George (December 2, 2014). "Rolling Stones saxophonist Bobby Keys dies at 70". UT San Diego. Retrieved December 2, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Bobby Keys, Longtime Saxophonist for Rolling Stones, Dies". Voice of America. Reuters. December 2, 2014. Retrieved December 2, 2014. 
  4. ^ "Bobby Keys Interview". Austin Chronicle. Retrieved December 2, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Bobby Keys Biography". Retrieved December 2, 2014. 
  6. ^  
  7. ^ "The Rolling Stones headline Glastonbury 2013". June 30, 2013. Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  8. ^ Gold, Adam (2014-12-02). "Rolling Stones Saxophonist Bobby Keys Dead at 70".  
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