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Bobby Ray Inman

Bobby Ray Inman
Inman's official CIA photo, 1983
Born (1931-04-04) April 4, 1931
Rhonesboro, Texas
Allegiance  United States
Service/branch  United States Navy
Years of service 1951–1982
Rank Admiral

Bobby Ray Inman (born April 4, 1931) is a retired United States admiral who held several influential positions in the U.S. Intelligence Community.


  • Career 1
  • Nomination for Secretary of Defense 2
  • International Signal and Control (ISC) Scandal 3
  • Statements 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7


He served as Director of Naval Intelligence from September 1974 to July 1976, then moved to the Defense Intelligence Agency where he served as Vice Director until 1977. He next became the Director of the National Security Agency. Inman held this post until 1981. His last major position was as the Deputy Director of Central Intelligence, a post he held from February 12, 1981 to June 10, 1982.

Inman has been influential in various advisory roles. Notably, he chaired a commission on improving security at U.S. foreign installations after the Marine barracks bombing and the April 1983 US Embassy bombing in Beirut, Lebanon. The commission's report has been influential in setting security design standards for U.S. Embassies.

After retirement from the Navy, he was Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of the Microelectronics and Computer Technology Corporation (MCC) in Austin, Texas for four years and Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer of Westmark Systems, Inc., a privately owned electronics industry holding company for three years. Admiral Inman also served as Chairman of the Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas from 1987 through 1990.

Admiral Inman’s primary activity since 1990 has been investing in start-up technology companies, where he is a Managing Director of Gefinor Ventures and Limestone Ventures. He is a member of the Board of Directors of Massey Energy Company and of several privately held companies. He serves as a Trustee of the American Assembly and the California Institute of Technology. He is an elected Fellow of the National Academy of Public Administration.

President Clinton nominated him as Secretary of Defense, but he withdrew his nomination (see below).

Inman also was on the board of SAIC.[1]

Since 2001, Inman has held the LBJ Centennial Chair in National Policy at The University of Texas at Austin Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs, and in 2005 and again in 2009 was the school's interim dean.[2] Inman graduated from Texas with a bachelor's in history in 1950.

Inman has also served on the Board of Directors of the Council on Foreign Relations, Dell Computer, SBC Corporation (now AT&T)[3] and Massey Energy.

In 2011 he became head of the board of directors of Xe Services, formerly Erik Prince's Blackwater and now known as Academi.[4] As of 2013, he sits on the Board of Directors of Academi.[5]

Nomination for Secretary of Defense

Inman was announced as President Bill Clinton's choice to succeed Les Aspin as Secretary of Defense on December 16, 1993, initially receiving broad bipartisan support. He accepted the post at first, but withdrew his nomination during a press conference on January 18, 1994.[6]

During the press conference, Inman made angry remarks about comments by New York Times columnist William Safire.[7] Safire wrote paragraphs on Inman's "anti-Israel bias shown", and ended in a four point list of other negative qualifications. In reply, Inman suggested that Safire had recruited Senator Bob Dole of Kansas to engage in a "vitriolic attack" on Inman, and also claimed that Dole and Senator Trent Lott were planning to "turn up the heat" on his nomination.

Dole's reaction was to state that "I have no idea what's gotten into Bobby Inman... Admiral Inman's letter doesn't make any sense to me." Lott appeared even more surprised, saying that "I am floored by [Inman's] bizarre press conference", while an unnamed White House aide added: "Most of us were glued to the tube, our mouths open in shock."[8]

International Signal and Control (ISC) Scandal

In 1994, after Bobby Ray Inman requested to be withdrawn from consideration as Defense Secretary, his critics speculated that the decision was motivated by a desire to conceal his links to ISC. Inman was a member of the board of directors of the company, which was allegedly either negligent or approved illegal exports.[5]

Originally called ESI (Electronic Systems International), the company manufactured sub-assemblies for the AGM-45 Shrike and RIM-7 Sea Sparrow missiles in 1974, and just after the Vietnam war which was part of a standard arms contract for the US defense administration (DCAS). The company also had a commercial repair facility of two meter portable amateur ("ham") radios from a company in New Jersey called Clegg,[2] and manufactured communications helmet radios for firemen, and electronic outdoor bug zappers.

ISC was involved in two major indiscretions, for which CEO James Guerin received a 15-year prison sentence:

It defrauded and caused the collapse of the British company Ferranti, which acquired it in 1987.[3] It exported classified military technology to South Africa, which was then forwarded to third countries, notably Iraq.

From 1984 to 1988, ISC sent South Africa more than $30 million in military-related equipment, including telemetry tracking antennae to collect data from missiles in flight, gyroscopes for guidance systems, and photo-imaging film readers, all of which would form the "backbone" of a medium-range missile system. Some of this technology was reportedly transferred to Iraq.[7] Another link to Iraq was the supply of the specifications for the Mk 20 Rockeye II cluster bomb through Chilean defence company Carlos Cardoen, which was able to build an almost identical weapon that was subsequently used against coalition forces in the Persian Gulf War of January–February 1991.[8]


In 2006, Inman criticized the Bush administration's use of warrantless domestic wiretaps, making him one of the highest-ranking former intelligence officials to criticize the program in public.[9][10]

See also


  1. ^ James Bamford, The Shadow Factory, Doubleday, 2008, p201
  2. ^ Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs. Biography of Bobby R. Inman, retrieved 2015-06-14.
  3. ^ Pletz, John. "Michael Dell's view from the top", Austin American-Statesman, 2004 May 2.
  4. ^ Former Blackwater Security Firm Gets New Leaders in Image Makeover By Justin Fishel March 09, 2011,
  5. ^ Academi Board of Directors
  6. ^ Bobby Inman Withdrawal Press Conference
  7. ^ William Safire column on December 23, 1993
  8. ^ Adm. Inman Asks Clinton To Withdraw Nomination - The Tech
  9. ^ Shachtman, Noah. "Ex-NSA Chief Assails Bush Taps", Wired News, 2006 May 9.
  10. ^ "Ex-NSA Head Bobby R. Inman on the National Security Agency’s Domestic Surveillance Program: “This Activity Was Not Authorized",, 2006 May 17.

External links

  • Biography of Bobby R. Inman—
  • University of Texas Biography
Government offices
Preceded by
Lew Allen, Jr.
Director of the National Security Agency
Succeeded by
Lincoln D. Faurer
Preceded by
Frank Charles Carlucci III
CIA Deputy Director
Succeeded by
John N. McMahon
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