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Bogart–Bacall syndrome

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Title: Bogart–Bacall syndrome  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Humphrey Bogart, List of eponyms (A–K), Voice disorders, Human voice, Medical terminology
Collection: Human Voice, Medical Terminology, Voice Disorders
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Bogart–Bacall syndrome

Bogart–Bacall syndrome (BBS) is a voice disorder that is caused by abuse or overuse of the vocal cords.

People who speak or sing outside their normal vocal range can develop BBS; symptoms are chiefly an unnaturally deep or rough voice, or dysphonia, and vocal fatigue.[1] The people most commonly afflicted are those who speak in a low-pitched voice, particularly if they have poor breath and vocal control. The syndrome can affect both men and women.[2]

Humphrey Bogart and Lauren Bacall both had this mild vocal disorder, which has been named after them. BBS is now the medical term for an ongoing hoarseness that often afflicts actors, singers or TV/radio voice workers who routinely speak in a very low pitch.[3]

Treatment usually involves voice therapy by a speech language pathologist.[4]


  1. ^ "RightDiagnosis: BBS Symptoms". Retrieved 2011-09-03. 
  2. ^ "RightDiagnosis: Bogart-Bacall syndrome.". Retrieved 2011-09-03. 
  3. ^ "Natural Health Care - Singers and Musicians". Retrieved 2011-09-03. 
  4. ^ "RightDiagnosis: BBS Treatment". Retrieved 2011-09-03. 

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