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Bone morphogenetic protein 8b

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Title: Bone morphogenetic protein 8b  
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Bone morphogenetic protein 8b

Bone morphogenetic protein 8b
Identifiers
Symbols  ; BMP8; OP2
External IDs GeneCards:
RNA expression pattern
Orthologs
Species Human Mouse
Entrez
Ensembl
UniProt
RefSeq (mRNA)
RefSeq (protein)
Location (UCSC)
PubMed search

Bone morphogenetic protein 8B is a protein that in humans is encoded by the BMP8B gene.[1][2][3]

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the TGF-β superfamily. It has close sequence homology to BMP7 and BMP5 and is believed to play a role in bone and cartilage development. It has been shown to be expressed in the hippocampus of murine embryos.

The bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are a family of secreted signaling molecules that can induce ectopic bone growth. Many BMPs are part of the transforming growth factor-beta (TGFB) superfamily. BMPs were originally identified by an ability of demineralized bone extract to induce endochondral osteogenesis in vivo in an extraskeletal site. Based on its expression early in embryogenesis, the BMP encoded by this gene has a proposed role in early development. In addition, the fact that this BMP is closely related to BMP5 and BMP7 has led to speculation of possible bone inductive activity.[3]

References

  1. ^ Ozkaynak E, Schnegelsberg PN, Jin DF, Clifford GM, Warren FD, Drier EA, Oppermann H (Jan 1993). "Osteogenic protein-2. A new member of the transforming growth factor-beta superfamily expressed early in embryogenesis". J Biol Chem 267 (35): 25220–7.  
  2. ^ DiLeone RJ, King JA, Storm EE, Copeland NG, Jenkins NA, Kingsley DM (Jun 1997). "The Bmp8 gene is expressed in developing skeletal tissue and maps near the Achondroplasia locus on mouse chromosome 4". Genomics 40 (1): 196–8.  
  3. ^ a b "Entrez Gene: BMP8B bone morphogenetic protein 8b (osteogenic protein 2)". 

Further reading

  • Gregory SG, Barlow KF, McLay KE, et al. (2006). "The DNA sequence and biological annotation of human chromosome 1". Nature 441 (7091): 315–21.  
  • Wen XZ, Akiyama Y, Baylin SB, Yuasa Y (2006). "Frequent epigenetic silencing of the bone morphogenetic protein 2 gene through methylation in gastric carcinomas". Oncogene 25 (18): 2666–73.  
  • Saito T, Ji G, Shinzawa H, et al. (2004). "Genetic variations in humans associated with differences in the course of hepatitis C". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 317 (2): 335–41.  
  • Strausberg RL, Feingold EA, Grouse LH, et al. (2003). "Generation and initial analysis of more than 15,000 full-length human and mouse cDNA sequences". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 99 (26): 16899–903.  
  • Ying Y, Qi X, Zhao GQ (2001). "Induction of primordial germ cells from murine epiblasts by synergistic action of BMP4 and BMP8B signaling pathways". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 98 (14): 7858–62.  
  • Ying Y, Liu XM, Marble A, et al. (2000). "Requirement of Bmp8b for the generation of primordial germ cells in the mouse". Mol. Endocrinol. 14 (7): 1053–63.  
  • Auffray C, Behar G, Bois F, et al. (1995). "[IMAGE: molecular integration of the analysis of the human genome and its expression]". C. R. Acad. Sci. III, Sci. Vie 318 (2): 263–72.  

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