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Breguet 280T

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Breguet 280T

280T
Role Airliner
Manufacturer Breguet
First flight 1928
Primary user Air Union
Number built 19

The Breguet 280T is a French biplane airliner of the late 1920s, created by the manufacturer as a means of finding a civil market for their 19 warplane, as they had tried once before with the 26T.

Development

The 280T was similar to the 26T, using the Breguet 19's flying surfaces combined with a passenger-carrying fuselage that completely filled the interplane gap. The 280 fuselage was based on the 26T's fuselage but featured refined aerodynamics.

Operational history

A single prototype was evaluated in autumn 1928, followed by eight production machines ordered by Air Union. These were flown on routes between Paris and southern France, between Paris and Switzerland, and (occasionally) between Paris and London. They were joined in service by a 10th machine (converted from one of the 281T prototypes), and six 284Ts with more powerful engines (one of these converted from the other 281T). Two of this latter type were also operated by Air Orient on routes to East Asia. Some of Air Union's 280Ts and 284Ts were still in service when the airline was absorbed into Air France.

Accidents and incidents

On 17 January 1931, Breguet 280T F-AIVU of Air Union crashed whilst attempting to land at Lympne Airport in England.[1][2] The aircraft caught the boundary fence and crashed onto the airfield, damaging the forward fuselage and undercarriage.[3] Of the eight people on board, one of the crew was injured.[1]

Variants

280T
  • First main production version with a 370 kW (500 hp) Renault 12Jb engine, 9 built.
281T
  • Prototypes with 340 kW (450 hp) Lorraine-Dietrich 12Ed engines. Two aircraft built, one later converted to 280T, the other to 284T standard.
284T

Operators

 France

Specifications (280T)

General characteristics

  • Crew: Two pilots
  • Capacity: 6 passengers
  • Length: 12.12 m (39 ft 9 in)
  • Wingspan: 17.25 m (56 ft 7 in)
  • Wing area: 55.9 m2 (601 ft2)
  • Empty weight: 2,040 kg (4,497 lb)
  • Gross weight: 3,320 kg (7,319 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Renault 12Jb inline engine, 373 kW (500 hp)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 220 km/h (137 mph)
  • Range: 1,100 km (700 miles)
  • Service ceiling: 4,700 m (15,420 ft)

References

Notes
  1. ^ a b "Croydon Weekly Notes". Flight (23 January 1931): 81. 
  2. ^ "January 1931 reported accidents". Vic Smith. Retrieved 24 January 1931. 
  3. ^ "Accidents in the Gale - Air Liner Damaged" The Times (London). Monday, 19 January 1931. (45724), col F, p. 12.
Bibliography
  • Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions. p. 199. 
  • World Aircraft Information Files. London: Bright Star Publishing. pp. Sheet 890 Sheet 81. 
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