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Bridgeport, Chicago

Bridgeport
Community area
Community Area 60 - Bridgeport
The White Eagle Brewing Company building in Bridgeport, designed by John S. Flizikowski, once stood at the corner of W. 37th Street and Racine.
The White Eagle Brewing Company building in Bridgeport, designed by John S. Flizikowski, once stood at the corner of W. 37th Street and Racine.
Location within the city of Chicago
Location within the city of Chicago
Coordinates:
Country United States
State Illinois
County Cook
City Chicago
Neighborhoods
Area
 • Total 2.10 sq mi (5.44 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total 31,925
 • Density 15,000/sq mi (5,900/km2)
Demographics 2010[1]
 • White 35.1%
 • Black 2.1%
 • Hispanic 27.0%
 • Asian 34.5%
 • Other 1.3%
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes parts of 60608, 60609 and 60616
Median income $35,535
Source: U.S. Census, Record Information Services

Bridgeport, one of 77 community areas of Chicago, is a neighborhood located on the city's South Side. It is bounded, generally, on the north by the South Branch of the Chicago River, on the west by Bubbly Creek (the river's South Fork), on the south by Pershing Road, and on the east by the Union Pacific railroad tracks. Neighboring community areas are the Lower West Side across the river to the north, McKinley Park to the west, Canaryville to the south, and Armour Square to the east. Famous for being the historical center of the Cook County Democratic Party, Bridgeport has been the home of five Chicago mayors. At times featured in the national spotlight for its racial intolerance, Bridgeport today ranks as one of the city's most diverse neighborhoods.[2]

Contents

  • History 1
    • Political history 1.1
  • Education 2
    • Primary and secondary schools 2.1
    • Public libraries 2.2
  • Demographics 3
    • Historical population 3.1
  • Culture 4
  • Public transit 5
  • Notable residents 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

History

35th and Halsted, Bridgeport, Chicago 2015

Historically, much of the neighborhood was initially an Irish-American enclave. In the 1830s, large numbers of immigrants from Ireland started settling in this working-class neighborhood. Many of the same Irish immigrants who helped build the Erie Canal later came to Chicago to work on the Illinois and Michigan Canal. Because of inadequate funding for the project, the State of Illinois began issuing "Land Scrip" to the workers rather than paying them with money. A large number of those Irish-Americans who received the scrip used it to purchase canal-owned land at the northern end of the canal where it meets the south branch of the Chicago River. The original Bridgeport village, named "Hardscrabble," centered around what is now the section of Throop Street north of 31st Street.[3] The area later became known as Bridgeport because of its proximity to a bridge on the Chicago River, which was too low to allow safe passage for boats, forcing cargo to be unloaded there. Finley Peter Dunne later wrote about this area in popular sketches around the turn of the 20th century. Dunne's protagonist, Mr. Dooley, lived on "Archey Road" (present day Archer Avenue).

Although the Irish are Bridgeport's oldest and arguably most famous ethnic group, Bridgeport has also been home to a large number of other groups. Bridgeport is also home to many Italian-Americans, as is its smaller neighbor to the east, Armour Square.[4][5] Many Lithuanian-Americans settled along Lituanica Avenue, which runs between 31st Street and 38th Place one block west of Halsted Street in what was once called "Lithuanian Downtown" and the center of Lithuanian settlement in Chicago. Today, there are also large numbers of first and second generation Mexican-Americans and Chinese-American who, like the Irish immigrants of the 19th century, have settled in the Bridgeport area due to its affordable housing and proximity to their work.

Bridgeport's Polish history is most visibly represented in its two churches in the Polish Cathedral style: St. Mary of Perpetual Help, and St. Barbara. The Art Institute of Chicago has done restoration work on the paintings in the Shrine Altars at St. Mary of Perpetual Help which date back to 1890, with further plans calling for restoration of the stained glass windows and to complete the painting of the interior ceilings and rotunda.

The Chinese influence in Bridgeport has also followed in the tradition of ethnic groups in the neighborhood establishing places of worship, with the Ling Shen Ching Tze (真佛宗美) Buddhist Temple on West 31st Street being established in 1992.[6]

Political history

Bridgeport has been the home or birthplace of five mayors of Chicago, representing all but 10 years between 1933 and 2011, illustrating the neighborhood's influence on Chicago politics for most of the 20th century:[7]

Kelly, Kennelly, the elder Daley, and Bilandic comprised an unbroken, 46-year period (1933-1979) in which Bridgeport was home to the city's mayor. Richard J. Daley is widely acknowledged as being the architect of the Chicago's 'machine politics' for a large part of the 20th Century.[8] Daley's base was rooted largely in Bridgeport's working-class Irish population with the 11th Ward as his vanguard.[9][10] The 11th Ward Democratic party, which is headquartered in Bridgeport near 36th Street and Halsted, remains a stronghold of the Daley family today, represented by Alderman Patrick Daley Thompson and his uncle, Committeeman John P. Daley.[11] Alderman Thompson represents the third generation of the Daley family to serve in Chicago politics: he is the grandson of Richard J. Daley and the nephew of Richard M. Daley. Thompson was sworn into office in May 2015.

Education

Primary and secondary schools

The

  • City of Chicago Bridgeport Community Map
  • Images Of America: Bridgeport (Arcadia Press)
  • Bridgeport's History

External links

  1. ^ Paral, Rob. "Chicago Demographics Data". Retrieved 6 June 2012. 
  2. ^ http://newcity.com/2010/06/30/bridgeport-rising-the-consequences-of-the-whiteout-of-a-neighborhoods-changing-face/
  3. ^ http://www.uic.edu/orgs/LockZero/index.html
  4. ^ http://www.chicagoreader.com/chicago/a-little-italy/Content?oid=905912
  5. ^ http://trueslant.com/jeffmcmahon/2009/11/29/bridgeport-chicago-diversity/
  6. ^ http://maps.google.com/maps?q=1035%20W%2031st%20St%20Chicago,IL%2060608
  7. ^ http://www.uic.edu/orgs/LockZero/v.html
  8. ^ http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/the_big_idea/2012/07/mitt_romney_s_campaign_is_attempting_to_link_barack_obama_to_the_corruption_of_chicago_style_politics_of_a_different_era_.html
  9. ^ http://www.wikitree.com/articles/Daley/irishpolitics.html
  10. ^ http://articles.chicagotribune.com/1987-05-15/news/8702060178_1_richard-j-daley-democratic-party-courtrooms-and-offices
  11. ^ http://www.11thward.com/
  12. ^ Black, Lisa. "Army of volunteers gives Bridgeport school a makeover." Chicago Tribune. June 14, 2008.
  13. ^ "Home". Charles N. Holden School. Retrieved November 15, 2008. 
  14. ^ "Geographic Information Systems".  
  15. ^ "Daley Library".  
  16. ^ Paral, Rob. "Chicago Community Areas Historical Data". Chicago Community Areas Historical Data. Retrieved 29 August 2012. 
  17. ^ http://www.chicagojoes.net/sandwiches1.htm
  18. ^ http://www.urbanspoon.com/nf/2/104/37148/Chicago/Bridgeport/Organic-Restaurants
  19. ^ http://www.chicagomag.com/Chicago-Magazine/May-2011/Pleasant-House-Bakery-Brings-Savory-Pies-to-Chicago/

References

Notable residents

The area is served by the Chicago Transit Authority's Orange Line at the Halsted and Ashland stations, although Ashland is technically a few blocks outside of the neighborhood.

Southwestward view from the platform of the Halsted Station on CTA's Orange Line. The outbound lanes of the Stevenson Expressway (I-55 South) are visible on the left, passing over Archer Avenue.

Public transit

The neighborhood is served by the Bridgeport News, a community newspaper delivered weekly on Wednesdays to homes throughout the neighborhood.

[19][18] In 2008 the

Culture

Source:[16]

Historical population

Demographics

The Richard J. Daley Branch of the Chicago Public Library system is located at 3400 South Halsted Street.[15]

Public libraries

Parochial elementary schools in Bridgeport operating under supervision of the The Archdiocese of Chicago include Bridgeport Catholic Academy, Santa Lucia School, St. Jerome School, St. Mary School and St Barbara School.

[14] neighborhood just south of Bridgeport.Canaryville in the Tilden High School Residents are zoned to [13][12]

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