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Buckhorn Wilderness

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Title: Buckhorn Wilderness  
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Subject: Olympic National Forest, Olympic Mountains, Dungeness River, Olympic Peninsula, Lewis and Clark State Park (Washington)
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Buckhorn Wilderness

Buckhorn Wilderness
IUCN category Ib (wilderness area)
Buckhorn Mountain as seen from the southwest
Map showing the location of Buckhorn Wilderness
Location Jefferson / Clallam counties, Washington, USA
Nearest city Quilcene, WA
Coordinates
Area 44,319 acres (17,935 ha)[1]
Established 1984
Governing body U.S. Forest Service
Buckhorn Wilderness

The Buckhorn Wilderness is a 44,319-acre (17,935 ha) mountainous wilderness area on the northeastern Olympic Peninsula in Washington, USA.[2] Named after Buckhorn Mountain (6,988 ft or 2,130 m), the wilderness abuts the eastern boundary of Olympic National Park which includes nearby Mount Constance (7,756 ft or 2,364 m), Inner Constance (7,667 ft or 2,337 m), Warrior Peak (7,320 ft or 2,230 m), and Mount Deception (7,788 ft or 2,374 m).[3]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
  • Ecology 3
  • Recreation 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

History

In 1984, the U.S. Congress established five wilderness areas within the Olympic National Forest:[4]

Buckhorn Wilderness is the largest of the five, all of which sit on the eastern flank of the Olympic Wilderness within Olympic National Park. Buckhorn Wilderness is administered by the Hood Canal Ranger District of the Olympic National Forest.

Geography

The lowest elevations of the Buckhorn Wilderness are found in the lower parts of the three principal drainages: 2,470 feet (750 m) at the Big Quilcene River, 2,700 feet (820 m) at the Dungeness River, and 3,300 feet (1,000 m) at Townsend Creek. The highest point in the wilderness is 7,139 feet (2,176 m) at the summit of Mount Fricaba, which lies on the western boundary of the wilderness area, shared by Olympic National Park. The tallest peak entirely within the wilderness is Buckhorn Mountain at 6,988 feet (2,130 m). A notable historical site in the Buckhorn Wilderness is the Tubal Cain mine.

Ecology

The wilderness lies within the devil's club, salal, thimbleberry, fungi, and mosses.[3] Above about 6,000 feet (1,800 m), alpine vegetation prevails where conditions are not too dry. Some slopes, such as the south side of Buckhorn Mountain, are rather arid above tree line due to fast-draining soils, sunny exposure, and low precipitation in the summer months.

Recreation

More than 54 miles (87 km) of trails provide access to the wilderness for backpacking, horseback riding, mountain climbing, hunting, hiking, camping, viewing wildlife, and fishing.[5]

See also

Panorama looking west-northwest to northeast from Marmot Pass in the Buckhorn Wilderness. Buckhorn Mountain and Iron Mountain can be seen in the far right side.

References

  1. ^ "Wilderness Acreage: Buckhorn Wilderness". Wilderness.net. University of Montana. Retrieved March 17, 2015. 
  2. ^ "Buckhorn Wilderness". Wilderness.net. University of Montana. Retrieved March 17, 2015. 
  3. ^ a b "Buckhorn Wilderness". Olympic National Forest. U.S. Forest Service. Retrieved March 17, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Special Places". Olympic National Forest. U.S. Forest Service. Retrieved March 17, 2015. 
  5. ^ "Recreation Opportunity Guide Olympic National Forest: Buckhorn Wilderness" (PDF). U.S. Forest Service. Retrieved March 17, 2015. 

External links

  • Buckhorn Wilderness U.S. Forest Service
  • Buckhorn Wilderness Wilderness.net (The University of Montana)
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