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Bura language

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Title: Bura language  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Chadic languages, Islam in Nigeria, The Languages of Africa, Voiceless palatal lateral fricative, Labial–coronal consonant, Sukur, Kofa language
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Bura language

Native to Nigeria
Region Borno State, Adamawa State
Native speakers
unknown (250,000 cited 1987)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 bwr
Glottolog bura1292[2]
Linguasphere 18-GBB-d (-da -db -dc)

Bura-Pabir (also known as Bura, Burra, Bourrah, Pabir, Babir, Babur, Barburr, Mya Bura, Kwojeffa, Huve, Huviya) is a Chadic language spoken in Nigeria. Dialects are Pela, Bura Pela, Hill Bura, Hyil Hawul, Bura Hyilhawul, and Plain Bura.[3]

Bura has been reported to contrast a voiceless palatal lateral fricative, [] (ʎ̥˔), which is quite rare. There are thus five laterals in Bura: [l ʎ ɬ ɮ ], though [] can be analyzed as a palatalized fricative, /ɬʲ/. Apart from this, its inventory is much like the very complex system of Margi.


  1. ^ Bura at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Bura-Pabir". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Raymond G. Gordon, Jr, ed. 2005. Ethnologue: Languages of the World. 15th edition. Dallas: Summer Institute of Linguistics.


  • Ethnologue report for Bura-Pabir
  • World Atlas of Language Structures entry for Bura-Pabir

See also

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