World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Burg al-Arab

Article Id: WHEBN0024035901
Reproduction Date:

Title: Burg al-Arab  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Alexandria, Lighthouse of Alexandria
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Burg al-Arab

Abusir (Lake Mariout)
Abusir is located in Matruh Governorate, Egypt

Abusir (also spelled Abousir and Abu Seer, known in ancient times as Taposiris Magna) is a seaside town on the shore of Lake Mariout on the western extremity of Egypt's Nile delta. It is situated about 48 kilometres (30 mi) SW of Alexandria. Ruins of an ancient temple and an ancient replica of the Lighthouse of Alexandria are to be seen here. As of 2009, it is also suspected to be the burial place of Cleopatra VII and Mark Antony.[1][2][3]

Ancient relics

A series of tombs and the remains of a temple are found on a stony kurkar ridge,[4] wedged between the lake and the sea.

Ancient tomb

A well-preserved ancient tomb is thought to be a scaled-down model of the Alexandria Pharos. Known colloquially under various names — the Pharos of Abusir, the Abusir funerary monument and Burg al-Arab (Arab's Tower) — it consists of a 3-story tower, approximately 20 metres (66 ft) in height, with a square base, a hexagonal midsection and cylindrical upper section, like the building upon which it was apparently modeled. It dates to the reign of Ptolemy II (285–246 BC), and is therefore likely to have been built at about the same time as the Alexandria Pharos. 30°56′53″N 29°31′24″E / 30.94806°N 29.52333°E / 30.94806; 29.52333 (Pharos of Abusir)

Recent excavations

Zahi Hawass and Kathleen Martinez have excavated the vicinity of the Temple of Isis since 2006. They found a carved male head and a partial mask, showing cleft chin reminiscent of Mark Antony, besides a stash of coins bearing the image of Cleopatra VII. Relying on these and the account of Plutarch, they believe that Cleopatra and Mark Antony are both buried in the vicinity, most likely below the Temple of Isis.[1]


See also

  • Abu Qir (ancient Canopus), similarly named, but east of Alexandria
  • Busiris of the central delta, likewise dedicated to Isis

External links

Coordinates: 30°56′42″N 29°30′35″E / 30.94500°N 29.50972°E / 30.94500; 29.50972 (Abusir (Lake Mariout))

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.